Summary Report for:
51-9011.00 - Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders
Operate or tend equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the processing of industrial or consumer products. Equipment used includes devulcanizers, steam-jacketed kettles, and reactor vessels.
Sample of reported job titles: Chemical Operator, Chemical Processor, Chlorination Operator, Multiskill Operator, Outside Operator, Process Operator, Production Operator, Production Technician, Spray Dry Operator, Vessel Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Adjust controls to regulate temperature, pressure, feed, or flow of liquids or gases and times of prescribed reactions, according to knowledge of equipment and processes.
- Observe safety precautions to prevent fires or explosions.
- Monitor gauges, recording instruments, flowmeters, or products to ensure that specified conditions are maintained.
- Control or operate equipment in which chemical changes or reactions take place during the processing of industrial or consumer products.
- Measure, weigh, and mix chemical ingredients, according to specifications.
- Inspect equipment or units to detect leaks or malfunctions, shutting equipment down if necessary.
- Patrol work areas to detect leaks or equipment malfunctions or to monitor operating conditions.
- Test product samples for specific gravity, chemical characteristics, pH levels, concentrations, or viscosities or send them to laboratories for testing.
- Draw samples of products at specified stages so that analyses can be performed.
- Record operational data, such as temperatures, pressures, ingredients used, processing times, or test results.
- Notify maintenance engineers of equipment malfunctions.
- Add treating or neutralizing agents to products and pump products through filters or centrifuges to remove impurities or to precipitate products.
- Open valves or start pumps, agitators, reactors, blowers, or automatic feed of materials.
- Read plant specifications to determine products, ingredients, or prescribed modifications of plant procedures.
- Drain equipment and pump water or other solutions through to flush and clean tanks or equipment.
- Make minor repairs, lubricate, and maintain equipment, using hand tools.
- Flush or clean equipment, using steam hoses or mechanical reamers.
- Observe and compare colors and consistencies of products to instrument readings and to laboratory and standard test results.
- Implement appropriate industrial emergency response procedures.
- Dump or scoop prescribed solid, granular, or powdered materials into equipment.
- Estimate materials required for production and manufacturing of products.
- Inventory supplies received and consumed.
- Direct activities of workers assisting in control or verification of processes or in unloading of materials.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air dryers — Batch dryers; Belt dryers; Pneumatic conveying dryers; Rotary cylindrical dryers (see all 8 examples)
- Air filters — Industrial filters
- Air scrubbers
- Belt conveyors
- Bi distillation units — Distillers
- Bucket conveyors — Bucket elevators
- Capacitance meters — Capacitance probes
- Catalytic converters
- Centrifugal pumps
- Chain conveyors
- Chemical tanks — Blending vessels; Chemical reactor vessels
- Circulation heaters
- Collection tanks — Collectors
- Deionization or demineralization equipment — Demineralizers
- Density gradient fractionators — Fractionators
- Evaporative coolers — Cooling towers; Tray towers
- Extracting equipment for laboratories — Extractors
- Facial shields — Protective face shields
- Fans — Axial flow fans; Centrifugal fans
- Filtering machinery — Filler presses
- Fire blankets
- Fire extinguishers
- Flowmeters — Flow meters
- Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatographs GC
- Gas recovery machinery — Gas expanders; Recovery units
- Gear pumps
- Goggles — Chemical splash goggles; Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Hazardous material protective apparel — Personal protective equipment
- Heat exchangers
- Hydraulic accumulators
- Laboratory blenders or emulsifiers — Blenders
- Laboratory evaporators
- Laboratory separators — Gas-liquid separators; Liquid-liquid separators
- Logging instruments for water wells — Calibrated rods
- Metal fabric media — Media filters
- Pipe wrenches
- Positive displacement pumps
- Power buffers — Waxing buffers
- Pressure sensors — Bourdon tubes; Pressure gauges
- Processing tanks — Agitator tanks; Neutralizer tanks
- Reactors or fermenters or digesters — Chemical reactors
- Reamer — Mechanical reamers
- Reciprocating compressors
- Reciprocating pumps
- Respiration air supplying self contained breathing apparatus or accessories — Self-contained breathing apparatus
- Respirators — Air purifying respirators
- Reverse osmosis equipment — Reverse osmosis systems
- Rotary pumps
- Rotating shakers — Rotating equipment
- Safety shoes
- Screw conveyor — Screw conveyors
- Special hoses — Steam hoses
- Spectrometers — Infrared spectroscopic equipment
- Spray dryers
- Standard fermentation units — Fermentation chambers
- Steam engines — Steam turbines
- Storage tanks — Soap-spray storage tanks; Storage drums
- Surface thermometers — Digital surface thermometers
- Thermocouple probes — Thermocouple temperature probes
- Turbine engines — Combustion gas turbines
- Two way radios
- Vacuum pumps
- Water purification equipment — Brine concentrators; Water clarifiers
- Water softening accessories — Water softeners
- Welding masks — Welding helmets
Technology used in this occupation:
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
Detailed Work Activities
- Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
- Collect samples of materials or products for testing.
- Direct operational or production activities.
- Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes.
- Mix substances to create chemical solutions.
- Record operational or production data.
- Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
- Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions.
- Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate gas flow.
- Monitor instruments to ensure proper production conditions.
- Operate chemical processing or water treatment systems or equipment.
- Load materials into production equipment.
- Inspect production equipment.
- Clean production equipment.
- Operate pumping systems or equipment.
- Notify others of equipment repair or maintenance needs.
- Test chemical or physical characteristics of materials or products.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Lubricate production equipment.
- Compare physical characteristics of materials or products to specifications or standards.
- Estimate material requirements for production.
- Maintain production or processing equipment.
- Repair production equipment or tools.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 99% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable
- Exposed to Contaminants — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 69% responded “Very important results.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 30% responded “Very important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 61% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week
- Contact With Others — 34% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Telephone — 60% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 51% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 36% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 31% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 54% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Electronic Mail — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 64% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 48% responded “Extremely important.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 39% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 27% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 30% responded “High responsibility.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 51% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 23% responded “Every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 33% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 31% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 37% responded “Some freedom.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 47% responded “Important.”
- Degree of Automation — 30% responded “Moderately automated.”
- Exposed to High Places — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Never.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 21% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 31% responded “Not important at all.”
- Spend Time Standing — 24% responded “More than half the time.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 44% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 42% responded “Every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|85||High school diploma or equivalent|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$23.12 hourly, $48,090 annual|
|Employment (2012)||56,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Decline (-3% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||19,700|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.