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Summary Report for:
51-9195.04 - Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers

Shape molten glass according to patterns.

Sample of reported job titles: Gaffer, Glass Bender, Glass Blower, Glass Lathe Operator, Glass Tube Bender, Glassblower, Machine Operator, Neon Glass Bender, Neon Tube Bender, Press Operator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Inspect, weigh, and measure products to verify conformance to specifications, using instruments such as micrometers, calipers, magnifiers, or rulers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record manufacturing information, such as quantities, sizes, or types of goods produced. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Heat glass to pliable stage, using gas flames or ovens and rotating glass to heat it uniformly. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Blow tubing into specified shapes to prevent glass from collapsing, using compressed air or own breath, or blow and rotate gathers in molds or on boards to obtain final shapes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up and adjust machine press stroke lengths and pressures and regulate oven temperatures, according to glass types to be processed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shape, bend, or join sections of glass, using paddles, pressing and flattening hand tools, or cork. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dip ends of blowpipes into molten glass to collect gobs on pipe heads or cut gobs from molten glass, using shears. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop sketches of glass products into blueprint specifications, applying knowledge of glass technology and glass blowing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine types and quantities of glass required to fabricate products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place rubber hoses on ends of tubing and charge tubing with gas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Superimpose bent tubing on asbestos patterns to ensure accuracy. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place electrodes in tube ends and heat them with glass burners to fuse them into place. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate electric kilns that heat glass sheets and molds to the shape and curve of metal jigs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Strike necks of finished articles to separate articles from blowpipes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Spray or swab molds with oil solutions to prevent adhesion of glass. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut lengths of tubing to specified sizes, using files or cutting wheels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place glass into dies or molds of presses and control presses to form products, such as glassware components or optical blanks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design and create glass objects, using blowpipes and artisans' hand tools and equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair broken scrolls by replacing them with new sections of tubing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate and maintain finishing machines to grind, drill, sand, bevel, decorate, wash, or polish glass or glass products. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Propane torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Dial calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cutting machines — Cutting wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drilling machines — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas burners — Meeker burners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Glass blowing instrument — Glass blowing pipes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Glass cutters — Glass knives; Glass lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinders — Lapping wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding or polishing machines — Grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hold down clamps — Holding clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Horizontal turning center — Engine lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Induction heaters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Kilns for firing ceramics — Electric kilns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnifiers — Hand held magnifiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers — Digital micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polariscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buffers — Polishing wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Glass saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Precision files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators — Protective respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Precision rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Spot welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Glass tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tweezers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum ovens — Annealing ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum pumps See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Billing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — Inventory control software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Select production input materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Place materials into molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Shape glass or similar materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Weigh finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply parting agents or other solutions to molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design jewelry or decorative objects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate grinding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Replace worn equipment components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create diagrams or blueprints for workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate heating or drying equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair production equipment or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 90% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 81% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 50% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 79% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 42% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 40% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 71% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 55% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 58% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 36% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 54% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 35% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 32% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 48% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 35% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 31% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 62% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 41% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 36% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 35% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
35   High school diploma or equivalent Help
27   Less than high school diploma
23   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RCA

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Employment data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.
Industry data collected from Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic.

Median wages (2014) $14.34 hourly, $29,820 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 42,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 17,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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