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Details Report for:
19-1031.01 - Soil and Water Conservationists

Plan or develop coordinated practices for soil erosion control, soil or water conservation, or sound land use.

Sample of reported job titles: Soil Conservationist, Conservationist, Land Reclamation Specialist, Land Resource Specialist, Environmental Analyst, Resource Conservation Specialist, Resource Conservationist, Erosion Control Specialist, Land Manager, Watershed Program Manager

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
86   Core Implement soil or water management techniques, such as nutrient management, erosion control, buffers, or filter strips, in accordance with conservation plans. Green Task Statement
81   Core Monitor projects during or after construction to ensure projects conform to design specifications. Green Task Statement
81   Core Visit areas affected by erosion problems to identify causes or determine solutions. Green Task Statement
81   Core Advise land users, such as farmers or ranchers, on plans, problems, or alternative conservation solutions. Green Task Statement
77   Core Develop or maintain working relationships with local government staff or board members. Green Task Statement
75   Core Apply principles of specialized fields of science, such as agronomy, soil science, forestry, or agriculture, to achieve conservation objectives. Green Task Statement
74   Core Gather information from geographic information systems (GIS) databases or applications to formulate land use recommendations. Green Task Statement
70   Core Compute design specifications for implementation of conservation practices, using survey or field information technical guides or engineering manuals. Green Task Statement
70   Core Participate on work teams to plan, develop, or implement programs or policies for improving environmental habitats, wetlands, or groundwater or soil resources. Green Task Statement
68   Core Conduct fact-finding or mediation sessions among government units, landowners, or other agencies to resolve disputes. Green Task Statement
67   Core Revisit land users to view implemented land use practices or plans. Green Task Statement
65   Core Respond to complaints or questions on wetland jurisdiction, providing information or clarification. Green Task Statement
64   Core Compute cost estimates of different conservation practices, based on needs of land users, maintenance requirements, or life expectancy of practices. Green Task Statement
63   Core Provide information, knowledge, expertise, or training to government agencies at all levels to solve water or soil management problems or to assure coordination of resource protection activities. Green Task Statement
60   Core Analyze results of investigations to determine measures needed to maintain or restore proper soil management. Green Task Statement
58   Core Coordinate or implement technical, financial, or administrative assistance programs for local government units to ensure efficient program implementation or timely responses to requests for assistance. Green Task Statement
52   Core Review proposed wetland restoration easements or provide technical recommendations. Green Task Statement
52   Core Identify or recommend integrated weed and pest management (IPM) strategies, such as resistant plants, cultural or behavioral controls, soil amendments, insects, natural enemies, barriers, or pesticides. Green Task Statement
50   Core Develop, conduct, or participate in surveys, studies, or investigations of various land uses to inform corrective action plans. Green Task Statement
80   Supplemental Manage field offices or involve staff in cooperative ventures. Green Task Statement
75   Supplemental Plan soil management or conservation practices, such as crop rotation, reforestation, permanent vegetation, contour plowing, or terracing, to maintain soil or conserve water. Green Task Statement
57   Supplemental Initiate, schedule, or conduct annual audits or compliance checks of program implementation by local government. Green Task Statement
56   Supplemental Develop water conservation or harvest plans, using weather information systems, irrigation information management systems, or other sources of daily evapotranspiration (ET) data. Green Task Statement
56   Supplemental Survey property to mark locations or measurements, using surveying instruments. Green Task Statement
54   Supplemental Review or approve amendments to comprehensive local water plans or conservation district plans. Green Task Statement
50   Supplemental Enter local soil, water, or other environmental data into adaptive or web-based decision tools to identify appropriate analyses or techniques. Green Task Statement
50   Supplemental Develop or conduct environmental studies, such as plant material field trials or wildlife habitat impact studies. Green Task Statement
50   Supplemental Provide access to programs or training to assist in completion of government groundwater protection plans. Green Task Statement
45   Supplemental Compile or interpret biodata to determine extent or type of wetlands or to aid in program formulation. Green Task Statement
43   Supplemental Calculate or compare efficiencies associated with changing from low-precision irrigation technologies, such as furrow irrigation, to high-precision technologies, such as computer-controlled systems. Green Task Statement
43   Supplemental Evaluate or recommend geographic information systems (GIS) applications to address issues such as surface water quality, groundwater quality, ecological risk assessments, air quality, or environmental contamination. Green Task Statement
43   Supplemental Review annual reports of counties, conservation districts, or watershed management organizations, certifying compliance with mandated reporting requirements. Green Task Statement
42   Supplemental Review grant applications or make funding recommendations. Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Desktop computers
Digital cameras
Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
Laser measuring systems — Laser distance measurement systems
Levels — Dumpy levels
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal computers
Soil core sampling apparatus — Dutch augers
Theodolites — Total stations
Water samplers

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Clover Technology GALENA; CropSyst Suite *; Water Soil and Hydro-Environmental Decision Support System WATERSHEDSS *; WinEPIC * (see all 16 examples)
Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software
Data base user interface and query software — CroPMan *; Microsoft Access; State Soil Geographic STATSGO Database *; Water resources databases
Electronic mail software — Email software
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software; ESRI ArcInfo; ESRI ArcView
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all T2 categories and examples

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
74   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
73   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
62   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
60   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
60   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
58   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
56   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
53   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
51   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
51   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
48   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
48   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
47   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
47   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
41   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
41   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
39   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
39   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
38   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
38   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
38   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
37   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
32   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
31   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
26   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
24   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
23   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
20   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
12   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
72   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
69   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
69   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
63   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
63   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
60   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
60   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
60   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
60   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
60   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
56   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
56   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
56   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
53   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
53   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
53   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
50   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
44   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
38   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
31   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
  Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
63   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
56   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
47   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
44   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
41   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
41   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
38   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
38   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
38   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
31   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
31   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
28   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
25   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
25   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
25   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
22   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
22   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
22   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
22   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
13   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
87   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Research impacts of environmental conservation initiatives.
  • Research sustainable agricultural processes or practices.
86   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
83   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
81   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Develop collaborative relationships between departments or with external organizations.
80   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate with the public on environmental issues.
80   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Assess compliance with environmental laws.
  • Review environmental permits, plans, or reports.
  • Review plans or proposals for environmental conservation.
75   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
75   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
74   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record research or operational data.
74   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Inspect condition of natural environments.
  • Monitor operational procedures in technical environments to ensure conformance to standards.
73   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
72   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
71   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
69   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
68   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Mediate disputes.
67   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
66   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
66   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Compile environmental or climatological data.
64   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze environmental data.
63   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
63   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
63   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Apply knowledge or research findings to address environmental problems.
  • Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources.
  • Plan environmental research.
  • Plan natural resources conservation or restoration programs.
62   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise others about environmental management or conservation.
  • Advise others about land management or conservation.
  • Advise others on the development or use of new technologies.
61   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
61   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
60   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Evaluate new technologies or methods.
58   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Survey land or properties.
58   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct natural resources management or conservation programs.
57   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
56   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
55   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
55   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train personnel in technical or scientific procedures.
54   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
54   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
53   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
41   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
36   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Collect geographical or geological field data.
33   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
28   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
23   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
22   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
95   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
95   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
94   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
83   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
81   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
81   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
80   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
79   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
78   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
74   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
73   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
73   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
73   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
70   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
69   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
60   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
58   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
57   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
53   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
53   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
53   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
51   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
51   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
50   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
50   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
49   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
48   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
48   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
48   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
48   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
47   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
45   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
39   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
39   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
37   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
36   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
36   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
35   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
33   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
30   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
30   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
28   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
26   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
26   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
25   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
20   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
18   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
17   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
16   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
13   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
12   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
12   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
67   Bachelor's degree
14   Associate's degree
10   Master's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Forest Sciences and Biology; Forestry; Natural Resources and Conservation, Other; Natural Resources Management and Policy; Natural Resources/Conservation, General; Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
72   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
72   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
17   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
85   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
82   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
80   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
78   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
76   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
75   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
75   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
74   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
73   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
72   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
72   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
69   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
69   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
62   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
60   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
67   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
56   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
39   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-1041.01 Environmental Compliance Inspectors
17-2021.00 Agricultural Engineers
17-2081.00 Environmental Engineers Green Occupation
17-2199.02 Validation Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
17-2199.03 Energy Engineers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook   Green Occupation
19-1031.02 Range Managers
19-1032.00 Foresters
19-2041.00 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health   Green Occupation Green
19-2043.00 Hydrologists Green Occupation
29-9011.00 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists Green Occupation

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Conservation Scientists.
Employment data collected from Conservation Scientists.
Industry data collected from Conservation Scientists.

Median wages (2013) $29.43 hourly, $61,220 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 22,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 6,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (69% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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