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Details Report for:
19-1031.03 - Park Naturalists

Plan, develop, and conduct programs to inform public of historical, natural, and scientific features of national, state, or local park.

Sample of reported job titles: Education Specialist, Environmental Education Specialist, Environmental Educator, Interpretive Naturalist, Naturalist, Park Activities Coordinator, Park Interpretive Specialist, Park Naturalist, Park Ranger, Program Production Specialist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
89   Core
Conduct field trips to point out scientific, historic, and natural features of parks, forests, historic sites or other attractions.
84   Core
Prepare and present illustrated lectures and interpretive talks about park features.
84   Core
Plan and organize public events at the park.
83   Core
Provide visitor services, such as explaining regulations, answering visitor requests, needs and complaints, and providing information about the park and surrounding areas.
83   Core
Develop environmental educational programs and curricula for schools.
76   Core
Research stories regarding the area's natural history or environment.
74   Core
Perform emergency duties to protect human life, government property, and natural features of park.
68   Core
Confer with park staff to determine subjects and schedules for park programs.
67   Core
Assist with operations of general facilities, such as visitor centers.
62   Core
Plan and develop audio-visual devices for public programs.
58   Core
Construct historical, scientific, and nature visitor-center displays.
57   Core
Prepare brochures and write newspaper articles.
55   Core
Compile and maintain official park photographic and information files.
54   Core
Take photographs and motion pictures for use in lectures and publications and to develop displays.
50   Core
Interview specialists in desired fields to obtain and develop data for park information programs.
69   Supplemental
Plan, organize and direct activities of seasonal staff members.
60   Supplemental
Survey park to determine forest conditions and distribution and abundance of fauna and flora.
47   Supplemental
Perform routine maintenance on park structures.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers — Multipurpose pliers
  • Agricultural tractors — Multipurpose tractors
  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All-terrain vehicles ATV; Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
  • Animal control traps — Animal trapping equipment
  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Backpack water pump — Backpack tanks
  • Binoculars — Surveillance binoculars
  • Boat Trailer — Boat trailers
  • Bridles — Horse bridles
  • Canoes or kayaks — Canoes; Kayaks
  • Cash registers — Electronic cash registers
  • Chain saw — Chainsaws
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras
  • Digital cameras — Digital still cameras
  • Dump trucks
  • Emergency medical services first aid kits — Emergency medical first aid kits
  • Fire or rescue trucks — High-pressure pumper units
  • Fire suppression hand tools — Fire rakes; Fire swatters
  • Fishing rods — Fishing poles
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS devices
  • Handguns — Law enforcement handguns
  • Hedge trimmer — Brush cutters; Line trimmers
  • Laser printers — Computer laser printers
  • Lawnmowers — Power mowers
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Light pickup trucks
  • Lighters — Drip torches
  • Livestock trailers — Horse trailers
  • Minivans or vans — Passenger vans; Work vans
  • Mountain bicycles — Mountain bikes
  • Personal computers
  • Point of sale POS terminal — Point of sale POS computer terminals
  • Power blowers — Leaf blowers
  • Power chippers — Wood chippers
  • Rakes — Hand rakes
  • Recreational motorboats — Patrol motorboats; Pontoon boats
  • Reins — Horse reins
  • Saddles — Horse saddles
  • Screwdrivers — Phillips screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
  • Secateurs or pruning shears — Hand pruners
  • Shovels — Forest fire shovels; Multipurpose shovels
  • Skis — Snow skis
  • Soil probe — Augers
  • Special purpose telephones — Multiline telephone systems
  • Sprayers — Weed sprayers
  • Theodolites — Survey levels; Survey transits
  • Two way radios — Mobile radios
  • Utility knives
  • Water analyzers — Water testing kits
  • Water trucks — Tanker trucks

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software Hot technology
  • Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe PageMaker
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Email software; GroupWise
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Map creation software — Mapping software
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Point of sale POS software
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
95 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
80 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
74 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
73 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
57 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
56 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
56 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
54 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
53 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
50 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
50 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
44 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
43 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
42 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
40 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
36 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
33 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
31 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
28 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
28 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
28 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
27 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
26 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
25 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
25 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
24 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
24 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
23 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
21 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
16 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
15 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
3 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
72 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
69 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
69 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
66 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
60 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
60 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
60 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
56 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
53 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
47 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
41 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
38 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
35 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
28 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
28 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
25 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
25 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
25 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
19 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
10 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
10 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
72 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
69 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
66 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
60 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
56 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
44 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
44 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
41 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
41 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
38 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
38 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
38 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
38 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
38 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
35 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
35 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
28 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
28 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
25 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
25 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
25 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
25 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
25 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
25 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
25 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
16 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
13 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
85 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
82 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
79 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
78 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
78 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
77 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
74 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
72 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
70 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
70 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
69 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
67 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
61 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
59 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
58 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
56 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
53 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
52 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
51 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
50 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
49 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
49 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
48 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
45 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
44 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
43 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
42 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
39 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
39 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
38 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
35 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
35 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
32 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
32 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
25 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
24 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
19 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
15 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
14 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
9 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Provide technical information or assistance to public.
  • Plan special events.
  • Develop educational programs.
  • Conduct historical research.
  • Measure environmental characteristics.
  • Compile geographic or related data.
  • Document events or evidence, using photographic or audiovisual equipment.
  • Collect information from people through observation, interviews, or surveys.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


97     Every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


75     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


74     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


71     Extremely important
26     Very important
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


60     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


62     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


71     Extremely important
26     Important
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


58     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


12     Contact with others about half the time
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


39     A lot of freedom
57     Some freedom
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


44     Extremely important
38     Very important
18     Important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


33     Very important results
62     Important results
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


16     Limited freedom
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


23     Very close (near touching)
47     Moderately close (at arm's length)
28     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


17     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


22     Every day
45     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


38     Extremely important
23     Very important
21     Important
15     Fairly important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


12     Every day
49     Once a week or more but not every day
37     Once a month or more but not every week
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


26     Very high responsibility
27     High responsibility
31     Moderate responsibility
14     Limited responsibility
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


11     Every day
70     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


23     Every day
31     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


12     Continually or almost continually
36     More than half the time
12     Less than half the time
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


30     High responsibility
18     Limited responsibility
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


32     Once a week or more but not every day
43     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


51     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


11     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


24     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


20     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


13     Extremely important
25     Very important
30     Important
20     Fairly important
12     Not important at all
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


19     Highly competitive
58     Moderately competitive
15     Slightly competitive
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


35     More than half the time
39     About half the time
26     Less than half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


13     More than 40 hours
72     40 hours
15     Less than 40 hours
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


23     Every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
24     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


28     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


19     About half the time
72     Less than half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


15     Continually or almost continually
17     More than half the time
19     Less than half the time
46     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


17     Very serious
33     Fairly serious
35     Not serious at all
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


19     More than half the time
13     About half the time
33     Less than half the time
31     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


16     More than half the time
62     Less than half the time
20     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


28     Once a month or more but not every week
55     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
47     Once a year or more but not every month
31     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


31     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
51     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


76     Less than half the time
23     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


20     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
71     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


64     Once a year or more but not every month
29     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


31     Once a year or more but not every month
60     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


12     More than half the time
22     Less than half the time
63     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


21     Moderately automated
17     Slightly automated
62     Not at all automated
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


27     Once a year or more but not every month
61     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
80     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


83     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


18     Once a year or more but not every month
79     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


94     Not important at all
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


11     Less than half the time
90     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


99     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
95   Bachelor's degree
5   Master's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Forest Sciences and Biology; Forestry; Natural Resources and Conservation, Other; Natural Resources Management and Policy; Natural Resources/Conservation, General; Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
61 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
45 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
45 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
11 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
93 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
92 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
89 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
88 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
84 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
83 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
82 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
80 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
79 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
77 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
77 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
75 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
75 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
70 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
68 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
67 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
58 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
56 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
50 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
50 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
33 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-1041.01 Environmental Compliance Inspectors
19-1031.01 Soil and Water Conservationists Green Occupation
19-1031.02 Range Managers
19-4091.00 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health Green Occupation
19-4093.00 Forest and Conservation Technicians Green Occupation
25-2023.00 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School
25-2032.00 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School
33-2022.00 Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists
33-3031.00 Fish and Game Wardens   Green Occupation Green
39-9032.00 Recreation Workers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Conservation Scientists.
Employment data collected from Conservation Scientists.
Industry data collected from Conservation Scientists.

Median wages (2015) $29.38 hourly, $61,110 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 21,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Average (5% to 8%) Average (5% to 8%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 10,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Government (76% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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