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Details Report for:
19-1032.00 - Foresters

Manage public and private forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timber's worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, water quality, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine optimal harvesting schedules.

Sample of reported job titles: Forester, Area Forester, Fire Prevention Forester, Chief Unit Forester, Environmental Protection Forester, Regional Forester, Resource Forester, Service Forester, Urban Forester

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
88   Core Monitor contract compliance and results of forestry activities to assure adherence to government regulations.
85   Core Establish short- and long-term plans for management of forest lands and forest resources.
82   Core Supervise activities of other forestry workers.
77   Core Choose and prepare sites for new trees, using controlled burning, bulldozers, or herbicides to clear weeds, brush, and logging debris.
76   Core Plan and supervise forestry projects, such as determining the type, number and placement of trees to be planted, managing tree nurseries, thinning forest and monitoring growth of new seedlings.
76   Core Negotiate terms and conditions of agreements and contracts for forest harvesting, forest management and leasing of forest lands.
75   Core Direct, and participate in, forest fire suppression.
73   Core Determine methods of cutting and removing timber with minimum waste and environmental damage.
72   Core Analyze effect of forest conditions on tree growth rates and tree species prevalence and the yield, duration, seed production, growth viability, and germination of different species.
72   Core Monitor forest-cleared lands to ensure that they are reclaimed to their most suitable end use.
64   Core Plan and implement projects for conservation of wildlife habitats and soil and water quality.
60   Core Plan and direct forest surveys and related studies and prepare reports and recommendations.
58   Core Perform inspections of forests or forest nurseries.
56   Core Map forest area soils and vegetation to estimate the amount of standing timber and future value and growth.
51   Core Conduct public educational programs on forest care and conservation.
84   Supplemental Procure timber from private landowners.
72   Supplemental Subcontract with loggers or pulpwood cutters for tree removal and to aid in road layout.
71   Supplemental Plan cutting programs and manage timber sales from harvested areas, assisting companies to achieve production goals.
70   Supplemental Monitor wildlife populations and assess the impacts of forest operations on population and habitats.
65   Supplemental Plan and direct construction and maintenance of recreation facilities, fire towers, trails, roads and bridges, ensuring that they comply with guidelines and regulations set for forested public lands.
55   Supplemental Contact local forest owners and gain permission to take inventory of the type, amount, and location of all standing timber on the property.
51   Supplemental Provide advice and recommendations, as a consultant on forestry issues, to private woodlot owners, firefighters, government agencies or to companies.
49   Supplemental Study different tree species' classification, life history, light and soil requirements, adaptation to new environmental conditions and resistance to disease and insects.
41   Supplemental Develop new techniques for wood or residue use.
41   Supplemental Develop techniques for measuring and identifying trees.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All-terrain vehicles ATV; Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
Clinometers — Digital clinometers
Direction finding compasses — Navigational compasses
Front end loaders — Multipurpose front end loaders
Garden chainsaw — Chainsaws; Power pruners
Measuring rods — Tree scale sticks
Measuring tapes — Steel measuring tapes
Scanners — Computer data input scanners
Sprayers — Backpack sprayers; Weed sprayers
Tape measures — Hip chains

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Forest vegetation simulators; Forest yield software
Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software; Microsoft Access; SMART *
Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Trimble Cengea Software
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Inventory management software — Forest Metrix software; Fountains Forestry TwoDog
Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software; Geographic information system GIS software; Mapping software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 36 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
69   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
61   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
52   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
48   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
43   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
43   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
41   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
40   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
37   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
35   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
33   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
33   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
33   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
32   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
31   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
31   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
30   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
29   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
28   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
27   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
26   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
25   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
24   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
21   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
18   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
16   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
16   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
11   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
10   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
81   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
78   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
75   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
75   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
75   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
72   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
69   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
69   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
66   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
66   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
66   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
63   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
63   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
63   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
53   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
53   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
47   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
47   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
44   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
44   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
44   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
35   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
19   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
13   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
Not available Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
81   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
78   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
69   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
69   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
66   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
66   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
50   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
47   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
47   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
44   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
41   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
41   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
41   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
41   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
38   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
38   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
38   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
35   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
35   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
31   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
31   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
28   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
28   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
25   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
22   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
19   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
19   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
16   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
10   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
85   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
83   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Determine methods to minimize environmental impact of activities.
83   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
82   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Inspect condition of natural environments.
  • Measure environmental characteristics.
81   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
80   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
79   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Conduct research of processes in natural or industrial ecosystems.
  • Monitor environmental impacts of production or development activities.
  • Research crop management methods.
79   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
79   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
76   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Assess compliance with environmental laws.
75   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Cultivate land.
74   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
72   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
72   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
70   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
69   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
68   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop educational programs.
  • Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources.
  • Plan environmental research.
  • Plan natural resources conservation or restoration programs.
66   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
65   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Develop agricultural methods.
64   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
64   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
62   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
59   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
57   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
55   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
54   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
49   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
48   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise others about environmental management or conservation.
46   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct natural resources management or conservation programs.
  • Manage agricultural or forestry operations.
46   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
39   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
39   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
36   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
34   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
32   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
32   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
32   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
31   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
29   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
12   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
11   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
99   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
97   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
97   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
96   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
96   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
91   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
89   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
88   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
87   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
85   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
85   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
83   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
81   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
81   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
76   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
75   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
74   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
73   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
70   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
69   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
67   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
66   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
59   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
58   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
52   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
51   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
49   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
46   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
45   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
40   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
38   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
38   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
35   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
35   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
33   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
33   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
30   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
28   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
25   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
24   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
21   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
21   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
19   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
16   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
16   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
15   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
13   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
12   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
10   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
10   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
  Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
100   Bachelor's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Engineering — Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology
Life Sciences — Forest Sciences and Biology; Forestry; Natural Resources and Conservation, Other; Natural Resources Management and Policy; Natural Resources/Conservation, General; Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
78   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
50   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
33   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
83   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
77   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
75   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
72   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
72   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
71   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
66   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
66   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
65   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
58   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
57   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
54   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
54   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
51   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
50   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
44   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
58   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
50   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
50   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
45   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
45   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

11-9121.00 Natural Sciences Managers Green Occupation
13-1041.01 Environmental Compliance Inspectors
19-1023.00 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists Green Occupation
19-1031.01 Soil and Water Conservationists   Green Occupation Green
19-1031.02 Range Managers
19-2041.00 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health Green Occupation
19-2043.00 Hydrologists Green Occupation
19-4091.00 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health Green Occupation
29-9011.00 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists Green Occupation
45-1011.06 First-Line Supervisors of Aquacultural Workers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $27.46 hourly, $57,110 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 12,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 4,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (54% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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