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Details Report for:
51-9022.00 - Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects. Includes chippers, buffers, and finishers.

Sample of reported job titles: Grinder, Polisher, Jewelry Polisher, Finisher, Buffer, Casting Finisher, Knife Grinder, Metal Finisher, Production Cell Operator, Grinder Operator

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
87   Core Grind, sand, clean, or polish objects or parts to correct defects or to prepare surfaces for further finishing, using hand tools and power tools.
86   Core Mark defects such as knotholes, cracks, and splits for repair.
84   Core Move controls to adjust, start, or stop equipment during grinding and polishing processes.
83   Core Select files or other abrasives, according to materials, sizes and shapes of workpieces, amount of stock to be removed, finishes specified, and steps in finishing processes.
82   Core Measure and mark equipment, objects, or parts to ensure grinding and polishing standards are met.
80   Core Verify quality of finished workpieces by inspecting them, comparing them to templates, measuring their dimensions, or testing them in working machinery.
77   Core Record product and processing data on specified forms.
77   Core Trim, scrape, or deburr objects or parts, using chisels, scrapers, and other hand tools and equipment.
76   Core Remove completed workpieces from equipment or work tables, using hand tools, and place workpieces in containers.
73   Core Load and adjust workpieces onto equipment or work tables, using hand tools.
72   Core Transfer equipment, objects, or parts to specified work areas, using moving devices.
79   Supplemental Study blueprints or layouts to determine how to lay out workpieces or saw out templates.
76   Supplemental Apply solutions and chemicals to equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.
71   Supplemental Spread emery powder or other polishing compounds on stone, or wet stone surfaces with hoses, and guide buffing wheels over stone to polish surfaces.
70   Supplemental Wash grit from stone, using hoses.
65   Supplemental Repair and maintain equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.
63   Supplemental Sharpen abrasive grinding tools, using machines and hand tools.
59   Supplemental File grooved, contoured, and irregular surfaces of metal objects, such as metalworking dies and machine parts, to conform to templates, other parts, layouts, or blueprint specifications.
58   Supplemental Fill cracks or imperfections in marble with wax that matches the stone color.
41   Supplemental Clean brass particles from files by drawing file cards through file grooves.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Abrasive polishers — Orbit polishers
Angle grinder — Angle grinders
Belt sander — Belt sanders
Cold chisels — Flat cold chisels
Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
Height gauges — Digital height gauges
Hole gauge — Dial bore gauges
Micrometers — Digital micrometers
Orbital sander — Orbital sanders
Pneumatic grinders — Air grinders
Power buffers — Buffing wheels; Orbital buffers; Tire buffers
Power grinders — Finishers; Straight grinders
Power sanders — Electric sander-polishers; Pad sanders
Precision file — Precision file sets
Surface testers — Profile meters
Tape measures — Measuring tapes
Wire brushes — File cards

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all 22 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
52   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
49   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
45   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
41   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
40   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
35   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
34   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
31   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
31   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
29   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
27   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
26   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
24   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
23   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
22   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
21   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
20   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
19   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
18   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
16   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
16   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
15   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
15   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
14   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
14   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
12   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
 Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
 History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
63   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
63   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
56   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
56   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
56   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
53   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
50   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
50   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
47   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
44   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
35   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
35   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
28   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
28   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
22   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
16   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
13   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
66   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
66   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
63   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
60   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
56   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
56   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
56   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
56   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
53   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
53   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
50   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
44   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
44   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
41   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
41   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
41   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
41   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
41   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
41   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
38   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
35   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
31   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
28   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
25   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
19   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
19   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
19   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
16   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
16   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
16   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
82   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
81   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply solutions to production equipment.
  • Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products.
  • Remove products or workpieces from production equipment.
  • Reshape metal workpieces to established specifications.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces.
80   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
75   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Select production equipment according to product specifications.
74   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate grinding equipment.
74   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
  • Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators.
72   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
71   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
70   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment.
  • Repair production equipment or tools.
  • Sharpen cutting or grinding tools.
69   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
67   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
67   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
67   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
66   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
66   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
65   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Compare physical characteristics of materials or products to specifications or standards.
63   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
62   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Mark products, workpieces, or equipment with identifying information.
62   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
60   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
60   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean materials to prepare them for production.
  • Clean production equipment.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products.
  • Load materials into production equipment.
  • Move products, materials, or equipment between work areas.
58   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
58   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
58   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
56   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
54   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
53   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
53   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
49   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
48   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
46   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
45   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
44   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
40   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record operational or production data.
38   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
38   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
34   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
32   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
31   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
30   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
27   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


100     Every day
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


100     Every day
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


97     Continually or almost continually
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


93     Every day
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


77     Continually or almost continually
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


74     Continually or almost continually
16     More than half the time
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


48     Extremely important
41     Very important
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


79     Every day
21     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


58     Continually or almost continually
26     Less than half the time
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


60     Every day
34     Never
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


23     Extremely important
19     Very important
49     Important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


34     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


30     Extremely important
37     Very important
19     Not important at all
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


23     Very important results
32     Important results
27     Moderate results
17     No results
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


46     Moderately close (at arm's length)
37     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


32     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Never
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


13     More than 40 hours
87     40 hours
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


24     Very high responsibility
22     High responsibility
28     Moderate responsibility
12     Limited responsibility
15     No responsibility
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


16     A lot of freedom
30     Some freedom
26     Limited freedom
19     Very little freedom
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


31     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Never
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


35     Constant contact with others
20     No contact with others
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


17     Very important
23     Fairly important
18     Not important at all
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


15     Very important
30     Important
23     Fairly important
23     Not important at all
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


35     Every day
57     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


13     Not at all automated
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


34     Some freedom
19     Very little freedom
35     No freedom
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


11     High responsibility
17     Moderate responsibility
32     Limited responsibility
30     No responsibility
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


24     More than half the time
31     About half the time
40     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


19     Very serious
19     Serious
30     Fairly serious
29     Not serious at all
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


31     Moderately competitive
31     Slightly competitive
27     Not at all competitive
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


29     Every day
71     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


26     Every day
72     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


24     Every day
75     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


61     Once a year or more but not every month
31     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


11     Every day
77     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


12     Very important
77     Not important at all
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


16     Less than half the time
69     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


25     Once a month or more but not every week
66     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


25     Less than half the time
62     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
78     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


11     Every day
84     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
83     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


84     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


12     Less than half the time
76     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


83     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


83     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


31     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


91     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


94     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


92     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


12     Less than half the time
88     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


97     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


98     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available Less than high school diploma
Not available High school diploma or equivalent Help
Not available Bachelor's degree

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
39   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
70   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
68   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
67   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
64   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
60   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
58   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
58   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
57   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
57   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
54   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
52   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
52   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
50   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
47   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
45   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
33   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
39   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
17   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
17   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
11   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
11   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

45-2093.00 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals
51-4121.07 Solderers and Brazers Bright Outlook   Green Occupation Green
51-4194.00 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners
51-6062.00 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
51-7041.00 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood
51-9032.00 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
51-9111.00 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders
51-9121.00 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
51-9191.00 Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders
51-9198.00 Helpers--Production Workers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $13.38 hourly, $27,830 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 32,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 8,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Manufacturing (92% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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