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Summary Report for:
51-9022.00 - Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects. Includes chippers, buffers, and finishers.

Sample of reported job titles: Buffer, Casting Finisher, Finisher, Grinder, Grinder Operator, Jewelry Polisher, Knife Grinder, Metal Finisher, Polisher, Production Cell Operator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Grind, sand, clean, or polish objects or parts to correct defects or to prepare surfaces for further finishing, using hand tools and power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mark defects such as knotholes, cracks, and splits for repair. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Move controls to adjust, start, or stop equipment during grinding and polishing processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select files or other abrasives, according to materials, sizes and shapes of workpieces, amount of stock to be removed, finishes specified, and steps in finishing processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and mark equipment, objects, or parts to ensure grinding and polishing standards are met. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify quality of finished workpieces by inspecting them, comparing them to templates, measuring their dimensions, or testing them in working machinery. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record product and processing data on specified forms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Trim, scrape, or deburr objects or parts, using chisels, scrapers, and other hand tools and equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove completed workpieces from equipment or work tables, using hand tools, and place workpieces in containers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Load and adjust workpieces onto equipment or work tables, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transfer equipment, objects, or parts to specified work areas, using moving devices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study blueprints or layouts to determine how to lay out workpieces or saw out templates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply solutions and chemicals to equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Spread emery powder or other polishing compounds on stone, or wet stone surfaces with hoses, and guide buffing wheels over stone to polish surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wash grit from stone, using hoses. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair and maintain equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sharpen abrasive grinding tools, using machines and hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • File grooved, contoured, and irregular surfaces of metal objects, such as metalworking dies and machine parts, to conform to templates, other parts, layouts, or blueprint specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill cracks or imperfections in marble with wax that matches the stone color. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Abrasive polishers — Orbit polishers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Angle grinder — Angle grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Belt sander — Belt sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cleaning scrapers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels — Flat cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Height gauges — Digital height gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hole gauge — Dial bore gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers — Digital micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orbital sander — Orbital sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic grinders — Air grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buffers — Buffing wheels; Orbital buffers; Tire buffers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power chippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Finishers; Straight grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders — Electric sander-polishers; Pad sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Precision file sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface testers — Profile meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — File cards See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Remove products or workpieces from production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select production equipment according to product specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load materials into production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Reshape metal workpieces to established specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark products, workpieces, or equipment with identifying information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate grinding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean materials to prepare them for production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply solutions to production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sharpen cutting or grinding tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Move products, materials, or equipment between work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compare physical characteristics of materials or products to specifications or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair production equipment or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Exposed to Contaminants — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 97% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 93% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 77% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 74% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 48% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 79% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 58% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 20% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 29% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 49% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 34% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 37% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 32% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 46% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 32% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 87% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 28% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 30% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 31% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available Less than high school diploma
Not available High school diploma or equivalent Help
Not available Bachelor's degree

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $13.63 hourly, $28,340 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 32,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 8,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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