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Summary Report for:
15-1111.00 - Computer and Information Research Scientists

Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.

The occupation code you requested, 15-1011.00 (Computer and Information Scientists, Research), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 15-1111.00 (Computer and Information Research Scientists) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Computer Scientist, Control System Computer Scientist, Scientific Programmer Analyst

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Analyze problems to develop solutions involving computer hardware and software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assign or schedule tasks to meet work priorities and goals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate project plans and proposals to assess feasibility issues. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply theoretical expertise and innovation to create or apply new technology, such as adapting principles for applying computers to new uses. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with users, management, vendors, and technicians to determine computing needs and system requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Meet with managers, vendors, and others to solicit cooperation and resolve problems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct logical analyses of business, scientific, engineering, and other technical problems, formulating mathematical models of problems for solution by computers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop and interpret organizational goals, policies, and procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in staffing decisions and direct training of subordinates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop performance standards, and evaluate work in light of established standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design computers and the software that runs them. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain network hardware and software, direct network security measures, and monitor networks to ensure availability to system users. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in multidisciplinary projects in areas such as virtual reality, human-computer interaction, or robotics. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Approve, prepare, monitor, and adjust operational budgets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct daily operations of departments, coordinating project activities with other departments. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Camera based vision systems for automated data collection — Image capture devices; Real time motion capture systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cinematographic cameras — Pan-tilt-zoom cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compact disks CDs — Magneto optical discs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Computer servers — File servers; Web servers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Content delivery networking equipment — High-speed networking testbeds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graphics tablets — Graphics workstations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hard disk arrays — Network storage arrays See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hard disk drives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High end computer servers — Distributed heterogeneous computers; High-performance cluster HPC computers; Massively parallel processors MPP; Render farms (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers — Computer laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Loudspeakers — Free-field speakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microprocessors — Microcomputers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multimedia projectors — Stereographic projectors; Video projectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network interface cards — Network interface cards NIC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pick or place robots — Articulated robots; Mobile robots See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Computer scanners; Laser scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stage or projection or studio lighting system — Lighting grids See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape arrays — Quarter inch cartridge QIC tapes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Intel Math Kernel Library; Polhemus Fasttrack System; Rice Simulator for ILP Multiprocessors RSIM; The MathWorks MATLAB (see all 13 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Clustering software — Clustermatic; Parallel systems software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Compiler and decompiler software — Greenhills Ada compilers; Low-level virtual machine LLVM compilers; Polaris parallelizing compilers See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Configuration management software — IBM Rational Apex; Perforce Software Configuration Management System See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — MySQL software; Oracle DBMS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data mining software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C; IBM Rational Rose; Intel Integrated Performance Primitives; Microsoft Visual Basic (see all 20 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics pipelines; Open Graphics Library OpenGL; Three-dimensional 3D graphics software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; Charm++; Microsoft ActiveX; Python (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Linux; Sun Microsystems Solaris; UNIX; VME PowerPC VxWorks (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Requirements analysis and system architecture software — Unified modeling language UML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — Video editing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Extensible stylesheet language transformations XSLT; JavaScript See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Analyze data to identify trends or relationships among variables. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage information technology projects or system activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop performance metrics or standards related to information technology. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop organizational goals or objectives. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assign duties or work schedules to employees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze data to identify or resolve operational problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply information technology to solve business or other applied problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate project activities with other personnel or departments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain computer hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor the performance of computer networks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate project designs to determine adequacy or feasibility. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design integrated computer systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train others in computer interface or software use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Participate in staffing decisions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage budgets for appropriate resource allocation. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 99% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 91% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 86% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 66% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 75% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 73% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 28% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 27% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 27% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 28% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 55% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 11% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 25% responded “Extremely competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 39% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 35% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
59   Master's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Computer Science — Computer and Information Sciences, General; Computer Science; Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst; Information Science/Studies

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRC

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $52.09 hourly, $108,360 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 27,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 8,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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