Skip navigation

Summary Report for:
15-1133.00 - Software Developers, Systems Software

Research, design, develop, and test operating systems-level software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, military, communications, aerospace, business, scientific, and general computing applications. Set operational specifications and formulate and analyze software requirements. May design embedded systems software. Apply principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis.

Sample of reported job titles: Developer, Infrastructure Engineer, Network Engineer, Publishing Systems Analyst, Senior Software Engineer, Software Architect, Software Developer, Software Engineer, Systems Coordinator, Systems Engineer

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Modify existing software to correct errors, to adapt it to new hardware, or to upgrade interfaces and improve performance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or direct software system testing or validation procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct software programming and development of documentation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with customers or other departments on project status, proposals, or technical issues, such as software system design or maintenance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze information to determine, recommend, and plan installation of a new system or modification of an existing system. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with engineering staff to evaluate interface between hardware and software, develop specifications and performance requirements, or resolve customer problems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or develop software systems, using scientific analysis and mathematical models to predict and measure outcome and consequences of design. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare reports or correspondence concerning project specifications, activities, or status. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with data processing or project managers to obtain information on limitations or capabilities for data processing projects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Store, retrieve, and manipulate data for analysis of system capabilities and requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate installation of software system. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor functioning of equipment to ensure system operates in conformance with specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supervise and assign work to programmers, designers, technologists, technicians, or other engineering or scientific personnel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Advise customer about or perform maintenance of software system. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train users to use new or modified equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Specify power supply requirements and configuration. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

back to top

Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Central processing unit CPU processors — Graphics processing unit GPU; Multi-core central processing unit CPU See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Computer servers — Application servers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High end computer servers — Directory servers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Integrated circuit testers — In circuit emulators ICE; Logic analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Access software — Citrix software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Administration software — Software distribution management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Dynamic modeling software; SAS software; Simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis SPICE; The MathWorks Simulink (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Application server software — BEA WebLogic Server; Oracle Application Server See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Backup or archival software — Backup and archival software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Computer assisted software engineering CASE software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Configuration management software — Automated installation software; IBM Rational ClearCase; Patch management software; Visible Razor (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Content workflow software — Emerald Software Group Emerald Green Office See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — Computer Associates integrated data management system CA-IDMS; Distributed database management software; Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base reporting software — Hyperion software; Oracle Business Intelligence Suite; SAP Business Intelligence; SAP BusinessObjects Crystal Reports (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — IBM DB2; IEA Software Emerald; Microsoft Access; Structured query language SQL See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C; Embedded systems development software; IBM Rational Rose XDE Developer D93; Microsoft Visual Basic (see all 45 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Device drivers or system software — Microsoft DirectX See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — Document management system software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise application integration software — Enterprise application integration EAI software; Extensible markup language XML; IBM WebSphere; SAP Netweaver See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise system management software — Splunk Enterprise See more occupations related to this technology.
  • File versioning software — Version control software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Filesystem software — File server software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphical user interface development software — Graphical user interface GUI design software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Open Graphics Library OpenGL See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Industrial control software — Process Control System Software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network conferencing software — Microsoft Sharepoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network monitoring software — Nagios software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network operation system software — IBM z/OS operating systems; Novell network software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network security or virtual private network VPN management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; Document Object Model DOM Scripting; Python; Simple API for XML SAX (see all 22 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object oriented data base management software — PostgreSQL software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Linux; Microsoft Windows; VxWorks software; Win CE (see all 17 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Platform interconnectivity software — Migration software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Program testing software — Defect tracking software; Fault testing software; IBM Rational PurifyPlus; Unit testing software (see all 21 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Microsoft Project See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Requirements analysis and system architecture software — IBM Rational Requisite Pro; Requirements management software; Unified modeling language UML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Storage networking software — Storage area network SAN software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Transaction security and virus protection software — Encryption software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Transaction server software — Customer information control system CICS software; IBM Middleware; Microsoft Internet Information Service IIS; Object Management Group Object Request Broker (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Allaire ColdFusion; JavaScript; Ruby on Rails *; Sun Microsystems JavaServer Pages JSP (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

back to top

Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

back to top

Skills

  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.

back to top

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.

back to top

Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.

back to top

Detailed Work Activities

  • Manage information technology projects or system activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop testing routines or procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor computer system performance to ensure proper operation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Modify software programs to improve performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide technical support for software maintenance or use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assign duties or work schedules to employees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate project information to others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply mathematical principles or statistical approaches to solve problems in scientific or applied fields. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design software applications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise information technology personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze project data to determine specifications or requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess database performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare data for analysis. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate software or hardware installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Teach others to use computer equipment or hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide recommendations to others about computer hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identify information technology project resource requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

back to top

Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 93% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 96% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 85% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 48% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 44% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 49% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 45% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 45% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 65% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 42% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 30% responded “Moderate results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 35% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.

back to top

Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
77   Bachelor's degree
17   Master's degree
4   Associate's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Computer Science — Computer and Information Sciences, General; Computer Engineering, General; Computer Science; Information Science/Studies
Engineering — Computer Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other; Computer Engineering, General

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

back to top

Interests

Interest code: ICR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

back to top

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

back to top

Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

back to top

Related Occupations

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $49.46 hourly, $102,880 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 405,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 134,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top