Summary Report for:
17-2112.00 - Industrial Engineers
Design, develop, test, and evaluate integrated systems for managing industrial production processes, including human work factors, quality control, inventory control, logistics and material flow, cost analysis, and production coordination.
Sample of reported job titles: Engineer, Engineering Manager, Industrial Engineer, Manufacturing Specialist, Operations Engineer, Plant Engineer, Process Engineer, Production Engineer, Supply Chain Engineer, Tool Engineer
Also see: Human Factors Engineers and Ergonomists
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Plan and establish sequence of operations to fabricate and assemble parts or products and to promote efficient utilization.
- Review production schedules, engineering specifications, orders, and related information to obtain knowledge of manufacturing methods, procedures, and activities.
- Estimate production costs, cost saving methods, and the effects of product design changes on expenditures for management review, action, and control.
- Draft and design layout of equipment, materials, and workspace to illustrate maximum efficiency using drafting tools and computer.
- Coordinate and implement quality control objectives, activities, or procedures to resolve production problems, maximize product reliability, or minimize costs.
- Communicate with management and user personnel to develop production and design standards.
- Recommend methods for improving utilization of personnel, material, and utilities.
- Develop manufacturing methods, labor utilization standards, and cost analysis systems to promote efficient staff and facility utilization.
- Confer with clients, vendors, staff, and management personnel regarding purchases, product and production specifications, manufacturing capabilities, or project status.
- Apply statistical methods and perform mathematical calculations to determine manufacturing processes, staff requirements, and production standards.
- Study operations sequence, material flow, functional statements, organization charts, and project information to determine worker functions and responsibilities.
- Complete production reports, purchase orders, and material, tool, and equipment lists.
- Record or oversee recording of information to ensure currency of engineering drawings and documentation of production problems.
- Evaluate precision and accuracy of production and testing equipment and engineering drawings to formulate corrective action plan.
- Analyze statistical data and product specifications to determine standards and establish quality and reliability objectives of finished product.
- Regulate and alter workflow schedules according to established manufacturing sequences and lead times to expedite production operations.
- Direct workers engaged in product measurement, inspection, and testing activities to ensure quality control and reliability.
- Formulate sampling procedures and designs and develop forms and instructions for recording, evaluating, and reporting quality and reliability data.
- Implement methods and procedures for disposition of discrepant material and defective or damaged parts, and assess cost and responsibility.
- Schedule deliveries based on production forecasts, material substitutions, storage and handling facilities, and maintenance requirements.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Acoustic testing rooms — Reverberant auditory test chambers
- Anechoic chambers — Anechoic auditory test chambers
- Audiometers or accessories — Audiometers
- Camera controllers
- Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Heart rate monitors
- Cassette players or recorders — Audio tape recorders
- Computer servers
- Coordinate measuring machines CMM
- Digital cameras
- Electrical control panels for generators — Pulsed width modulation PWM drives
- Electro pneumatic transducers — Pressure transducers
- Equalizers — Audio equalizers
- Frequency analyzers — Fast Fourier transform FFT spectrum analyzers
- Hardness testers
- Heated walk in environmental or growth chambers — Heated environmental chambers
- Hydraulic motor — Hydraulic power units
- Hydraulic press frames — Hydraulic presses
- Infrared imagers — Electrophysics infrared cameras
- Integrated motion control systems — Motion control systems
- Laboratory benches — Optical benches
- Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — Environmental ovens
- Laser printers
- Loadcells — Load cells
- Metallurgical microscopes — Inverted metallurgical microscopes
- Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC
- Microphones — Recording microphones
- Motor drive or control integrated circuits — Variable frequency drives VFD
- Operational amplifiers — Audio amplifiers
- Oxygen monitors or supplies — Oxygen uptake measurement devices
- Personal computers
- Physiological recorders — Electrogoniometers
- Pressure indicators — Force plates
- Radiometer — Radiometers
- Signal generators
- Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Noise dosimeters; Octave band analyzers; Sound level calibrators; Sound level meters
- Tension testers — Tensile testers
- Thickness measuring devices — Anthropometers
- Time relay — Time delay relay panel boxes
- Torsion testers — Torsion meters
- Turntables — Programmable logic controller PLC controlled turntables
- Vibration testers — Vibration tables
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Dataxiom StatMost; ETA Dynaform; Windward Technologies GRG2; Workcell simulation software (see all 38 examples)
- Charting software — Microsoft Office Visio
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software; International TechneGroup IGESworks; Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search MINOS software *; PTC Pro/ENGINEER software (see all 10 examples)
- Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — EGS FeatureCAM
- Data base user interface and query software — Structured query language SQL
- Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic; Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition VBScript; Microsoft Visual Studio; National Instruments LabVIEW
- Electronic mail software — IBM Lotus Notes
- Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP software
- Expert system software — Decision support software
- Human resources software — Personnel scheduling software
- Industrial control software — Allen Bradley PanelView; Computer numerical control CNC software; Human machine interface HMI software; Nupro CastView (see all 8 examples)
- Inventory management software — Manhattan Associates PkMS Pickticket; Oracle Retek; Warehouse management software
- Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — Materials requirements planning MRP software; Production scheduling and planning software; Supply chain capacity planning software
- Object or component oriented development software — C++; Python; Sun Microsystems Java
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Operating system software — Linux
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Program testing software — Logic programming software; Rockwell RSLogix; User interface design software
- Project management software — Microsoft Project; Process reengineering software; Yield management systems
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
Detailed Work Activities
- Prepare operational reports.
- Discuss designs or plans with clients.
- Develop technical methods or processes.
- Document technical design details.
- Schedule operational activities.
- Review technical documents to plan work.
- Prepare contracts, disclosures, or applications.
- Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance.
- Supervise engineering or other technical personnel.
- Confer with technical personnel to prepare designs or operational plans.
- Implement design or process improvements.
- Evaluate designs or specifications to ensure quality.
- Create graphical representations of industrial production systems.
- Determine operational methods.
- Prepare procedural documents.
- Devise research or testing protocols.
- Direct quality control activities.
- Estimate operational costs.
- Analyze design or requirements information for mechanical equipment or systems.
- Communicate technical information to suppliers, contractors, or regulatory agencies.
- Electronic Mail — 90% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 79% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 60% responded “Extremely important.”
- Contact With Others — 52% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 74% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 55% responded “Some freedom.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 44% responded “Some freedom.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 51% responded “Important results.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 43% responded “Extremely important.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 42% responded “Very important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Letters and Memos — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 34% responded “High responsibility.”
- Time Pressure — 41% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 46% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 31% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 53% responded “About half the time.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 67% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 41% responded “High responsibility.”
- Consequence of Error — 30% responded “Fairly serious.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 26% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 31% responded “Important.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 31% responded “Very important.”
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: ICE
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$39.18 hourly, $81,490 annual|
|Employment (2012)||223,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Slower than average (3% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||75,400|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Industrial Engineers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.
- American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) , 1800 E. Oakton St., Des Plaines, IL 60018. Phone: (847) 699-2929. Fax: (847) 768-3434.
- Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP) , 208 Burwash Ave., Savoy, IL 61874, Savoy, IL 61874. Phone: (217) 359-9263. Fax: (217) 359-0055.
- Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE) , 3577 Parkway Ln., Suite 200, Norcross, GA 30092. Phone: (800) 494-0460. Fax: (770) 441-3295.