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Summary Report for:
17-2199.01 - Biochemical Engineers

Develop usable, tangible products, using knowledge of biology, chemistry, or engineering. Solve problems related to materials, systems, or processes that interact with humans, plants, animals, microorganisms, or biological materials.

Sample of reported job titles: Engineering Director, Process Engineer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Devise scalable recovery, purification, or fermentation processes for producing proteins or other biological substances for human or animal therapeutic use, food production or processing, biofuels, or effluent treatment. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read current scientific or trade literature to stay abreast of scientific, industrial, or technological advances. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or conduct studies to determine optimal conditions for cell growth, protein production, or protein or virus expression or recovery, using chromatography, separation, or filtration equipment, such as centrifuges or bioreactors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop biocatalytic processes to convert biomass to fuels or fine chemicals, using enzymes of bacteria, yeast, or other microorganisms. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare technical reports, data summary documents, or research articles for scientific publication, regulatory submissions, or patent applications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with research and biomanufacturing personnel to ensure the compatibility of design and production. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or direct bench or pilot production experiments to determine the scale of production methods that optimize product yield and minimize production costs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop methodologies for transferring procedures or biological processes from laboratories to commercial-scale manufacturing production. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design or conduct follow-up experimentation, based on generated data, to meet established process objectives. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain databases of experiment characteristics or results. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop recovery processes to separate or purify products from fermentation broths or slurries. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with chemists or biologists to develop or evaluate novel technologies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Advise manufacturing staff regarding problems with fermentation, filtration, or other bioproduction processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Modify or control biological systems to replace, augment, or sustain chemical or mechanical processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with manufacturing or quality assurance staff to prepare product specification or safety sheets, standard operating procedures, user manuals, or qualification and validation reports. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Recommend biochemical process formulas, instrumentation, or equipment specifications, based on results of bench or pilot experimentation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with bioregulatory authorities regarding licensing or compliance responsibilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with suppliers regarding the design or specifications of bioproduction equipment, instrumentation, or materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design processes to manufacture synthetic molecules for applications such as pharmaceuticals or pesticides. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct experimental or developmental activities at contracted laboratories. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop bioremediation processes to reduce pollution, protect the environment, or treat waste products. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare project plans for biochemical equipment or facility improvements, including time lines, budgetary estimates, or capital spending requests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lead studies to examine or recommend changes in process sequences or operation protocols. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop alternative processes to produce crude oil, such as extraction from diatoms or thermochemical conversion of manure or other wastes. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop toxicological or environmental testing processes to measure chemical toxicity or environmental impact. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop experiments to determine production methods that minimize pollution or waste. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review existing biomanufacturing processes to ensure compliance with environmental regulations. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review existing manufacturing processes to identify opportunities for yield improvement or reduced process variation. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air samplers or collectors — Aerosol analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Analytical balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Autosamplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Inverted light microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blotting or transfer apparatus — Electroblotting apparatus See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calorimeters — Bomb calorimeters; Differential scanning calorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemical absorption gas analyzers — Surface area analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemiluminescence or bioluminescence analyzers — Chemiluminescence analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid cDNA synthesis kits — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Camcorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dissolved oxygen meters — Dissolved oxygen probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dry wall single chamber carbon dioxide incubators — Carbon dioxide CO2 incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic counters — Automated particle counters; Condensation nuclei counters CNC; Optical particle counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extruders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flame ionization analyzers — Flame ionization detectors FID See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluorescent microscopes — Fluorescence microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fog or mist generators — Aerosol generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Freeze dryers or lyopholizers — Freeze dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatographs GC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas detectors — Toxic gas detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel documentation systems — Protein gel electrophoresis See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High pressure liquid chromatographs HPLC See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared spectrometers — Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Instrumentation for capillary electrophoresis — Capillary electrophoresis systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ion chromatographs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Laminar flow hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid chromatographs — Fast protein liquid chromatographs FPLC; Refractive index detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Luxmeters — Digital luxmeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mass spectrometers — Ion trap mass spectrometers; Quadrupole mass spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microbiology analyzers — Flow cytometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microbiology fermentation equipment — Microbial fermenters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplate readers — Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA plate readers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers — Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Optical diffraction apparatus — Low-pressure impactors; Particle size classifiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orbital shakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Organic carbon analyzers — Total organic carbon TOC analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oxygen sensors — Oxygen meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reactors or fermenters or digesters — Enzymatic membrane reactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Refrigerated and heated reach in environmental or growth chambers — Environmental growth chambers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rheometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorospectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Ultraviolet spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers — Ultraviolet spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Autoclaves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sugar analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface tension measuring instruments — Contact angle goniometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Thermal cyclers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tensiometers — Tensionmeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermocouples — Flash point detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thickness measuring devices — Ellipsometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tissue culture incubators — Cell culture bioreactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Titration equipment — Automatic titrators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultra pure water systems — Ion exchange purification systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Viscosimeters — Viscometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — AspenTech HYSYS; Intelligen SuperPro Designer; The MathWorks MATLAB; Wolfram Research Mathematica (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Bioreactor Design See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — UNIX See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Update technical knowledge. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop technical methods or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct design or development activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare contracts, disclosures, or applications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with technical personnel to prepare designs or operational plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research engineering aspects of biological or chemical processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain operational records or records systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create graphical representations of industrial production systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare detailed work plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train personnel on proper operational procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Devise research or testing protocols. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate operational costs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create models of engineering designs or methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop operational methods or processes that use green materials or emphasize sustainability. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare technical reports for internal use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate time requirements for development or production projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate technical information to suppliers, contractors, or regulatory agencies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect operational processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct validation tests of equipment or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 90% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 86% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 62% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 57% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 48% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 67% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 57% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 38% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 71% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 33% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 43% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 43% responded “Serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 48% responded “Moderate results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 43% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 52% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 62% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 48% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 62% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 25% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
71   Bachelor's degree
14   Master's degree
10   Doctoral degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Chemistry — Chemical Engineering

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2014) $45.31 hourly, $94,240 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 133,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 29,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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