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Summary Report for:
19-2043.00 - Hydrologists

Research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters; and study the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, movement through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere.

Sample of reported job titles: Assistant Groundwater Engineer, Environmental Consultant, Groundwater Consultant, Groundwater Programs Director, Hydraulic Engineer, Hydrogeologist, Hydrologic Engineer, Hydrologist, Professor, Research Hydrologist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Design and conduct scientific hydrogeological investigations to ensure that accurate and appropriate information is available for use in water resource management decisions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare written and oral reports describing research results, using illustrations, maps, appendices, and other information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study and document quantities, distribution, disposition, and development of underground and surface waters. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install, maintain, and calibrate instruments, such as those that monitor water levels, rainfall, and sediments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare hydrogeologic evaluations of known or suspected hazardous waste sites and land treatment and feedlot facilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study public water supply issues, including flood and drought risks, water quality, wastewater, and impacts on wetland habitats. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct research and communicate information to promote the conservation and preservation of water resources. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply research findings to help minimize the environmental impacts of pollution, waterborne diseases, erosion, and sedimentation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate research data in terms of its impact on issues such as soil and water conservation, flood control planning, and water supply forecasting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate data and provide recommendations regarding the feasibility of municipal projects, such as hydroelectric power plants, irrigation systems, flood warning systems, and waste treatment facilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect and analyze water samples as part of field investigations or to validate data from automatic monitors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate and supervise the work of professional and technical staff, including research assistants, technologists, and technicians. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and graph phenomena such as lake levels, stream flows, and changes in water volumes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop computer models for hydrologic predictions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study and analyze the physical aspects of the earth in terms of the hydrological components, including atmosphere, hydrosphere, and interior structure. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review applications for site plans and permits and recommend approval, denial, modification, or further investigative action. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or modify methods of conducting hydrologic studies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Answer questions and provide technical assistance and information to contractors or the public regarding issues such as well drilling, code requirements, hydrology, and geology. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate complaints or conflicts related to the alteration of public waters, gathering information, recommending alternatives, informing participants of progress, and preparing draft orders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor the work of well contractors, exploratory borers, and engineers and enforce rules regarding their activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct short-term and long-term climate assessments and study storm occurrences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design civil works associated with hydrographic activities and supervise their construction, installation, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Administer programs designed to ensure the proper sealing of abandoned wells. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clinometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial fishing nets — Dip nets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conductivity meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dissolution or disintegration testers — Erosion monitors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dissolved oxygen meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dropping pipettes — Pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extensometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Filters or other spare parts for samplers — Sounding reels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flowmeters — Surface water velocity measurement probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Dessicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydrometers — Specific gravity hydrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory bailers — Bailers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory flasks — Filter flasks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — Laboratory ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory sifting equipment — Sieve shakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lightmeters — Light density meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Logging instruments for water wells — Groundwater data logging instruments; Wireless data collection systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oil content monitors analyzers — Oil water interface meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open stream current meters — Hydrological current meters; Stream flow gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open stream water level recorders — Cellular telemetry system water level monitors; Water level recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Peristaltic pumps — Groundwater sampling peristaltic pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pitch measuring instruments — Inclinometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Handheld data collection units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable seismic apparatus — Hydraulic fracturing systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure sensors — Drive-point piezometers; Pore pressure piezometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pull spring balances — Spring scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radarbased surveillance systems — Radar equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radiation detectors — Radiological monitoring equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Remote reading thermometers — Underwater temperature recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Salinity meter — Salinity meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sampling pumps — Portable pumping and sampling systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Core samplers; Soil samplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sonars — Doppler current and depth meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Flow-through field fluorometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface data logging sensors — Data logging pressure/temperature sensors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface data logging units — Well/surface water dataloggers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Templates — Map templates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Theodolites — Total stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thickness measuring devices — Ice meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Turbidimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Underwater cameras — Underwater video cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water analyzers — Multi-port sampling systems to monitor groundwater; Multiparameter water quality instruments; Submersible pressure and level sensors; Submersible water quality sensors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water samplers — Biological oxygen demand water samplers; Sediment samplers; Suction samplers; Swing water samplers (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Well logging downhole test equipment — Standpipe multi-packer systems for long-term monitoring of deep boreholes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — HEC RAS *; Scientific Software Group AQUA3D; Waterloo Hydrogeologic RBC Tier 2 Analyzer; Watershed modeling system WMS software (see all 89 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Categorization or classification software — GAEA Technologies WinSieve See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Compliance software — National pollutant discharge elimination system NPDES compliance software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Advanced Logic Technology WellCAD; BOSS International Visual Groundwater; Scientific Software Group EVS; SEDCAD software (see all 13 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — EarthSoft EQuIS Geology; Groundwater Software Visual Site Manager; Scientific Software Group RiverMorph; SoilVision Systems SoilVision software (see all 15 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — Formula translation/translator FORTRAN; Microsoft Visual Basic See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Amtec Engineering Tecplot; Graphics software; RockWare SieveGraph; StatPoint StatGraphics Plus See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcView; Golden Software Surfer; Scientific Software Group SURF; Softree Technical Systems Terrain Tools (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; Python See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Environmental Insite software; Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — GAEA Technologies Packet ESA; GAEA Technologies WinLog; Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Record research or operational data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze geological or geographical data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calibrate scientific or technical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide technical information or assistance to public. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain laboratory or technical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect environmental data or samples. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate civic projects or public policies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze environmental data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop environmental research methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research hydrologic features or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan environmental research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research impacts of environmental conservation initiatives. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compile geographic or related data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate results of environmental research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct climatological research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure environmental characteristics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess compliance with environmental laws. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply knowledge or research findings to address environmental problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop mathematical models of environmental conditions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct natural resources extraction projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review environmental permits, plans, or reports. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 81% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 50% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 62% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 56% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 46% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 54% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 58% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 42% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 46% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 42% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 58% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 50% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 38% responded “Serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
54   Bachelor's degree
42   Master's degree
4   Professional degree Help

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Geosciences — Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences; Geology/Earth Science, General

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $37.68 hourly, $78,370 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 7,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 2,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Hydrologists external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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