Summary Report for:
25-1121.00 - Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
Sample of reported job titles: Art History Professor, Art Instructor, Art Professor, Assistant Professor of Music, Associate Professor, Dance Professor, Music Professor, Professor, Professor of Music, Theatre Professor
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Explain and demonstrate artistic techniques.
- Evaluate and grade students' class work, performances, projects, assignments, and papers.
- Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
- Prepare course materials such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.
- Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
- Prepare students for performances, exams, or assessments.
- Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as acting techniques, fundamentals of music, and art history.
- Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.
- Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.
- Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.
- Select and obtain materials and supplies such as textbooks and performance pieces.
- Display students' work in schools, galleries, and exhibitions.
- Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
- Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.
- Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
- Keep students informed of community events such as plays and concerts.
- Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
- Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
- Participate in campus and community events.
- Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
- Organize performance groups and direct their rehearsals.
- Perform administrative duties such as serving as department head.
- Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
- Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.
- Act as advisers to student organizations.
- Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air compressors — Portable air compressors
- Anvils — Tinsmithing anvils
- Audio analog to digital AD converter — Analog to digital audio converters
- Audio mixing consoles — Digital mixing consoles
- Automatic bar machine — Machine lathes
- Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Wood lathes
- Belt sander — Belt sanders
- Blow torch — Oxygen torches
- Carving tools — Pneumatic carving equipment
- Cassette players or recorders — Multitrack recording systems
- Cinematographic cameras — Sound stage cameras
- Clay or modeling tools — Pug mills; Slab rollers
- Compact disk players or recorders — Compact disk CD players
- Crimping pliers — Beading tools
- Desktop computers
- Digital audio workstation DAW — Digital audio workstations
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras
- Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras
- Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players
- Digital voice recorders — Audio recording equipment
- Disc sander — Power disc sanders
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Dry kiln fired clay — Clay firing kilns
- Enameling Kilns — Burnout kilns
- Engravers — Engraving equipment
- Epidiascopes — Opaque projectors
- Extruders for modeling materials — Modeling material extruders
- Floor stands — Model stands
- Focus spots — Stage spotlights
- Hammers — Reshaping hammers; Tinsmithing hammers
- High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives
- Hydraulic press brake — Sheet metal brakes
- Infrared imagers — Infrared camera tracking systems
- Inkjet printers — Computer inkjet printers; Poster printers
- Intaglio or lithography printing presses — Printmaking presses; Tabletop presses
- Kilns for firing ceramics — Gas-fired kilns
- Laminators — Laminating equipment
- Laser cutting machine — Laser cutting equipment
- Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
- Laser printers — Computer laser printers
- Liquid crystal display projector — Liquid crystal display LCD projectors
- Loudspeakers — Surround sound systems
- Manual press brake — Magnetic finger brakes
- Metal crucibles
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Metronomes — Electronic metronomes
- Microphone stand — Microphone podiums
- Microphones — Handheld microphones; Wireless microphones
- Milling machines — Computer numerical control CNC routers; Computer numerical control CNC vertical knee mills
- Miter saw — Sliding compound miter saws
- MP3 players or recorders — MP3 digital voice recorders
- Multimedia projectors — Computer projectors; Multimedia projection equipment
- Musical instrument effects unit — Experimental hyperinstruments
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Offset printing presses — Vendercook presses
- Overhead projectors — Overhead data projectors
- Paint application system — Paint booths
- Paint brushes — Artists' paint brushes
- Paper cutters or refills — Paper cutters
- Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
- Plasma cutting machine — Plasma cutters
- Platen covers — Platen presses
- Portable data input terminals — Interactive whiteboard controllers; Student response systems
- Power sanders — Oscilliating spindle sanders
- Power saws — Band saws; Metal cutting band saws; Sliding table saws
- Projection screens or displays — Projector screens
- Sand blasting machine — Sandblasting guns
- Scanners — Computer data input scanners
- Scientific calculator — Digital calculators
- Scroll saw — Scroll saws
- Sewing machines — Commercial sewing machines
- Shears — Foot shears
- Sheet metal forming machine — Slip rollers
- Silkscreen screens or printing stations — Silkscreen machines
- Slide projectors — Carousel slide projectors
- Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
- Spot welding machine — Spot welders
- Spray booth — Negative pressure spray booths
- Stage or studio lamps — General stage lighting
- Surface grinding machine — Surface grinding machines
- Synthesizer — Computerized synthesizers
- Tablet computers
- Tangent bender — Hossfield metal benders
- Teleconference equipment — Conference telephones
- Televisions — Liquid crystal display LCD televisions; Television monitors
- Thermal binding machine — Book presses
- Touch screen monitors — Interactive whiteboards
- Tube bending machine — Hydraulic tubing benders
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welders
- Vacuum molding machines — Vacuum casting equipment
- Vertical turning center — Computer numerical control CNC vertical lathes
- Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment
- Web cameras — Webcams
- Wood easels — Wood art easels
Technology used in this occupation:
- Calendar and scheduling software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk Maya for Design Visualization
- Computer based training software — Blackboard Learn; Desire2Learn; Learning management system LMS software; Sakai CLE * (see all 5 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software; MySQL software
- Desktop publishing software — QuarkXpress
- Development environment software — PhoneGap
- Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator; Faux Labs Splashup; Red Giant Trapcode Particular; The Pixel Farm PFTrack (see all 8 examples)
- Information retrieval or search software — DOC Cop *; iParadigms Turnitin
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Music or sound editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Audition; Apple Logic Pro; Pure Data PD *; Sonic Studio software (see all 6 examples)
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Operating system software — Linux *
- Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Image scanning software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Video creation and editing software — Apple DVD Studio Pro; Apple Final Cut Pro; Pixar RenderMan Studio; The Foundry Nuke (see all 5 examples)
- Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
- Word processing software — Collaborative editing software; Google Docs *; Microsoft Word
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
- Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
- Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
- Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
Detailed Work Activities
- Develop instructional materials.
- Guide class discussions.
- Evaluate student work.
- Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
- Teach humanities courses at the college level.
- Maintain student records.
- Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
- Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
- Supervise student research or internship work.
- Research topics in area of expertise.
- Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
- Develop instructional objectives.
- Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
- Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
- Prepare tests.
- Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
- Write grant proposals.
- Tutor students who need extra assistance.
- Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
- Advise students on academic or career matters.
- Direct department activities.
- Coordinate student extracurricular activities.
- Select educational materials or equipment.
- Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
- Display student work.
- Promote educational institutions or programs.
- Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
- Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 78% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 72% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Contact With Others — 80% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 64% responded “Every day.”
- Public Speaking — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 62% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Telephone — 63% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 31% responded “Extremely important.”
- Time Pressure — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Very important results.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 49% responded “About half the time.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 27% responded “Fairly important.”
- Level of Competition — 29% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Letters and Memos — 46% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 32% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: SA
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$64,300 annual|
|Employment (2012)||114,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||35,500|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Postsecondary Teachers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.