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Summary Report for:
27-2012.02 - Directors- Stage, Motion Pictures, Television, and Radio

Interpret script, conduct rehearsals, and direct activities of cast and technical crew for stage, motion pictures, television, or radio programs.

Sample of reported job titles: Artistic Director, Assistant Director, Associate Artistic Director, Director, News Production Supervisor, Newscast Director, Stage Manager, Technical Director, Television Director (TV Director), Television Newscast Director

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Supervise and coordinate the work of camera, lighting, design, and sound crew members. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan details such as framing, composition, camera movement, sound, and actor movement for each shot or scene. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct live broadcasts, films and recordings, or non-broadcast programming for public entertainment or education. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with technical directors, managers, crew members, and writers to discuss details of production, such as photography, script, music, sets, and costumes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile cue words and phrases and cue announcers, cast members, and technicians during performances. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Establish pace of programs and sequences of scenes according to time requirements and cast and set accessibility. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify and approve equipment and elements required for productions, such as scenery, lights, props, costumes, choreography, and music. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with writers, producers, or actors about script changes or "workshop" scripts, through rehearsal with writers and actors to create final drafts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select plays or scripts for production and determine how material should be interpreted and performed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study and research scripts to determine how they should be directed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate to actors the approach, characterization, and movement needed for each scene in such a way that rehearsals and takes are minimized. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with producers to hire crew members, such as art directors, cinematographers, and costumer designers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with film and sound editors during the post-production process as films are edited and soundtracks are added. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create graphics for television broadcasts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Choose settings and locations for films and determine how scenes will be shot in these settings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut and edit film or tape to integrate component parts into desired sequences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Interpret stage-set diagrams to determine stage layouts and supervise placement of equipment and scenery. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with stage managers to arrange schedules for rehearsals, costume fittings, and sound or light development. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Hold auditions for parts or negotiate contracts with actors determined suitable for specific roles, working in conjunction with producers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile scripts, program notes, and other material related to productions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review film daily to check on work in progress and to plan for future filming. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create and approve storyboards in conjunction with art directors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Promote and market productions by giving interviews, participating in talk shows, and making other public appearances. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Audio mixing consoles — Sound mixing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Audio video console — Multimedia editing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Camera controllers — Robotic cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic viewfinder — Lens finders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Media control systems — Grass Valley Ignite Automated Production System; Video switchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oscilloscopes — Waveform monitors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stage or projection or studio lighting system — Studio lighting systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vectorscope — Vectorscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Video editors — Video editing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Visual presenters — Teleprompters See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Chyron CAMIO; Graphics creation software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Instant messaging software — Twitter See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Music or sound editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Audition; Avid Audio Pro Tools; Sony Sound Forge software; Sony Vegas Pro (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — Apple Final Cut Pro; Avid NewsCutter; Ross Video XPression software; YouTube * (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Content management system CMS software; Facebook * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Hypertext markup language HTML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word; Scripting software See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Review details of technical drawings or specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine technical details of productions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Study scripts to determine project requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine technical requirements of productions or projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Promote products, activities, or organizations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to prepare or perform artistic productions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compile technical information or documentation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select materials or props. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine presentation subjects or content. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create computer-generated graphics or animation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select staff, team members, or performers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage content of broadcasts or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Edit audio or video recordings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate artistic activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inform viewers, listeners, or audiences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate activities of production personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct fundraising or financing activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct productions or performances. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Audition or interview potential performers or staff members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare production storyboards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Negotiate for services. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 99% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 82% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 81% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 72% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 70% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 77% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 60% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 47% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 49% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 65% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 38% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 18% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 42% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 45% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 39% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 67% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 30% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 37% responded “Very serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 37% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
69   Bachelor's degree
15   Post-baccalaureate certificate Help
7   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: EA

  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Producers and Directors.
Employment data collected from Producers and Directors.
Industry data collected from Producers and Directors.

Median wages (2014) $33.22 hourly, $69,100 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 104,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 37,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Producers and Directors external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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