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Summary Report for:
27-3022.00 - Reporters and Correspondents

Collect and analyze facts about newsworthy events by interview, investigation, or observation. Report and write stories for newspaper, news magazine, radio, or television.

Sample of reported job titles: Anchor, General Assignment Reporter, News Director, News Reporter, Reporter, Sports Writer, Staff Writer, Television News Anchor (TV News Anchor), Television News Reporter, Television Reporter (TV Reporter)

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Receive assignments or evaluate leads or tips to develop story ideas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research a story's background information to provide complete and accurate information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Arrange interviews with people who can provide information about a story. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Establish and maintain relationships with individuals who are credible sources of information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Report news stories for publication or broadcast, describing the background and details of events. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Gather information about events through research, interviews, experience, or attendance at political, news, sports, artistic, social, or other functions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Revise work to meet editorial approval or to fit time or space requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review and evaluate notes taken about news events to isolate pertinent facts and details. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate breaking news developments, such as disasters, crimes, or human-interest stories. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review written, audio, or video copy and correct errors in content, grammar, or punctuation, following prescribed editorial style and formatting guidelines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Report on specialized fields such as medicine, green technology, environmental issues, science, politics, sports, arts, consumer affairs, business, religion, crime, or education. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine a published or broadcasted story's emphasis, length, and format and organize material accordingly. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transmit news stories or reporting information from remote locations, using equipment such as satellite phones, telephones, fax machines, or modems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check reference materials, such as books, news files, or public records, to obtain relevant facts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Discuss issues with editors to establish priorities or positions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Photograph or videotape news events. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Take pictures or video and process them for inclusion in a story. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Present live or recorded commentary via broadcast media. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct taped or filmed interviews or narratives. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop ideas or material for columns or commentaries by analyzing and interpreting news, current issues, or personal experiences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with readers, viewers, advertisers, or the general public via mail, email, or telephone. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write online blog entries that address news developments or offer additional information, opinions, or commentary on news events. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assign stories to other reporters or duties to production staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write columns, editorials, commentaries, or reviews that interpret events or offer opinions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Edit or assist in editing videos for broadcast. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital audio workstation DAW — Digital audio workstations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — High definition HD video cameras; Television cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microphones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mobile phones — Satellite phones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Satellite core equipment — Mobile broadcast units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Video editors — Video editing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — SPSS software; Statistical analysis software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — FileMaker Pro software; Microsoft Access; Microsoft SQL Server; Online databases See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Instant messaging software — Twitter See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcView; Mapping software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object oriented data base management software — Microsoft Visual FoxPro See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — Apple Final Cut Pro; Video editing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Facebook *; Social media software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Hypertext markup language HTML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Operate still or video cameras or related equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze information obtained from news sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Edit written materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Write informational material. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine presentation subjects or content. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate reporting or editing activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Report news to the public. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Gather information for news stories. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate logistics for productions or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate communications, transmissions, or broadcasting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Edit audio or video recordings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inform viewers, listeners, or audiences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor current trends. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interview others for news or entertainment purposes. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Time Pressure — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 77% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 59% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 73% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 59% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 45% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 50% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 55% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 32% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 36% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 32% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 41% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 50% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 23% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 23% responded “Very serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 27% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 23% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
82   Bachelor's degree
5   Some college, no degree
5   Associate's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: AEI

  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $17.31 hourly, $36,000 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 52,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 17,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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