Summary Report for:
29-1128.00 - Exercise Physiologists
Assess, plan, or implement fitness programs that include exercise or physical activities such as those designed to improve cardiorespiratory function, body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, or flexibility.
Sample of reported job titles: Bariatric Weight Loss Clinic Manager and Counselor; Cardiac Rehabilitation Program Director; Clinical Coordinator, Heart Failure Cardiac Rehabilitation; Clinical Exercise Physiologist; Clinical Exercise Specialist; Coordinator Cardiopulmonary Services; Director of Cardiac Rehabilitation; Director of Rehabilitation and Wellness; Exercise Physiologist; Exercise Physiologist, Lifestyle and Weight Management Consultant
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Develop exercise programs to improve participant strength, flexibility, endurance, or circulatory functioning, in accordance with exercise science standards, regulatory requirements, and credentialing requirements.
- Prescribe individualized exercise programs, specifying equipment such as treadmill, exercise bicycle, ergometers, or perceptual goggles.
- Interpret exercise program participant data to evaluate progress or identify needed program changes.
- Explain exercise program or physiological testing procedures to participants.
- Provide emergency or other appropriate medical care to participants with symptoms or signs of physical distress.
- Provide clinical oversight of exercise for participants at all risk levels.
- Demonstrate correct use of exercise equipment or performance of exercise routines.
- Interview participants to obtain medical history or assess participant goals.
- Recommend methods to increase lifestyle physical activity.
- Assess physical performance requirements to aid in the development of individualized recovery or rehabilitation exercise programs.
- Conduct stress tests, using electrocardiograph (EKG) machines.
- Teach group exercise for low, medium, or high risk clients to improve participant strength, flexibility, endurance, or circulatory functioning.
- Teach courses or seminars related to exercise or diet for patients, athletes, or community groups.
- Plan or conduct exercise physiology research projects.
- Measure amount of body fat, using such equipment as hydrostatic scale, skinfold calipers, or tape measures.
- Teach behavior modification classes related to topics such as stress management or weight control.
- Calibrate exercise or testing equipment.
- Supervise maintenance of exercise or exercise testing equipment.
- Measure oxygen consumption or lung functioning, using spirometers.
- Educate athletes or coaches on techniques to improve athletic performance, such as heart rate monitoring, recovery techniques, hydration strategies, or training limits.
- Present exercise knowledge, program information, or research study findings at professional meetings or conferences.
- Order or recommend diagnostic procedures, such as stress tests, drug screenings, or urinary tests.
- Mentor or train staff to lead group exercise.
- Perform routine laboratory tests of blood samples for cholesterol level or glucose tolerance.
- Evaluate staff performance in leading group exercise or conducting diagnostic tests.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
- Body plethysmographs — Whole body air plethysmography systems
- Bodyweight measuring scales — Underwater weighing tanks
- Calorimeters — Metabolic carts
- Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Heart rate monitors
- Cardiac ultrasound or doppler or echo units or cardioscopes — Echocardiography systems
- Cholesterol monitors or meters — Cholesterol analyzers
- Climbing devices for rehabilitation or therapy — Stair climbers
- Clock timers — Electronic timing systems
- Cognitive or dexterity or perceptual or sensory evaluation or testing products — Perceptual goggles
- Desktop computers
- Dynamometers — Isokinetic dynamometers; Muscle strength dynamometers
- Electrocardiography EKG transmitter or telemetry or accessories — Telemetry units
- Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
- Electromyography EMG units or accessories — Electromyographs EMG
- Electronic blood pressure units — Automated blood pressure measurement equipment
- Grip strengthener — Hydraulic hand dynamometers
- Impedance meters — Bioelectric impedance analyzers
- Infrared spectrometers — Near infrared spectrometers
- Intravenous infusion pumps for general use — Intravenous IV infusion pumps
- Lactate analyzers
- Long term continuous electrocardiography EKG or holter monitoring systems — Holter monitors
- Mass spectrometers — Dual energy x ray absorptiometers
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Mercury blood pressure units — Manual blood pressure equipment
- Microcentrifuges — Microhematocrits
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Oxygen monitors or supplies — Oxygen analyzers
- Patient floor scales — Patient weight scales
- Personal computers
- Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
- Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
- Skinfold calipers
- Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
- Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies — Electronic spirometers; Spirometers
- Stationary bicycles — Cycle ergometers
- Treadmills — Exercise treadmills
- Urinalysis analyzers — Urine analysis equipment
- Weights or sets or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Strength training equipment
- Work tables or stations or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Arm crank ergometers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
- Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
Detailed Work Activities
- Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
- Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment.
- Develop exercise or conditioning programs.
- Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members.
- Order medical diagnostic or clinical tests.
- Prescribe treatments or therapies.
- Measure the physical or physiological attributes of patients.
- Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities.
- Treat medical emergencies.
- Test biological specimens to gather information about patient conditions.
- Maintain medical equipment or instruments.
- Test patient heart or lung functioning.
- Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses.
- Evaluate patient functioning, capabilities, or health.
- Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
- Analyze quantitative data to determine effectiveness of treatments or therapies.
- Train caregivers or other non-medical personnel.
- Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
- Present medical research reports.
- Communicate health and wellness information to the public.
- Advise athletes, coaches, or trainers on exercise regimens, nutrition, or equipment use.
- Teach health management classes.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 96% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 82% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 79% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 85% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 79% responded “Very close (near touching).”
- Telephone — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 50% responded “Some freedom.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 50% responded “Some freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 41% responded “Very important.”
- Deal With External Customers — 39% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 54% responded “More than half the time.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 36% responded “Moderate results.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 36% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 39% responded “Very important.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 37% responded “Very important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 54% responded “40 hours.”
- Letters and Memos — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 39% responded “Fairly serious.”
- Exposed to Disease or Infections — 36% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Level of Competition — 43% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Time Pressure — 43% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 52% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Public Speaking — 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 44% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: SIR
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$22.25 hourly, $46,270 annual|
|Employment (2012)||6,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||1,300|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Athletic Trainers and Exercise Physiologists . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.