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Summary Report for:
29-1199.05 - Orthoptists

Diagnose and treat visual system disorders such as binocular vision and eye movement impairments.

Sample of reported job titles: Certified Orthoptist, Clinical Orthoptist (CO), Orthoptist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Examine patients with problems related to ocular motility, binocular vision, amblyopia, or strabismus. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate, diagnose, or treat disorders of the visual system with an emphasis on binocular vision or abnormal eye movements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform diagnostic tests or measurements, such as motor testing, visual acuity testing, lensometry, retinoscopy, and color vision testing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop nonsurgical treatment plans for patients with conditions such as strabismus, nystagmus, and other visual disorders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide instructions to patients or family members concerning diagnoses or treatment plans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide nonsurgical interventions, including corrective lenses, patches, drops, fusion exercises, or stereograms, to treat conditions such as strabismus, heterophoria, and convergence insufficiency. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or use special test and communication techniques to facilitate diagnosis and treatment of children or disabled patients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Interpret clinical or diagnostic test results. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Refer patients to ophthalmic surgeons or other physicians. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide training related to clinical methods or orthoptics to students, resident physicians, or other health professionals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare diagnostic or treatment reports for other medical practitioners or therapists. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with ophthalmologists, optometrists, or other specialists in the diagnosis, treatment, or management of conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts, and retinal diseases. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assist ophthalmologists in diagnostic ophthalmic procedures, such as ultrasonography, fundus photography, and tonometry. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform vision screening of children in schools or community health centers. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Binocular vision test sets or accessories — Synoptophores; Worth 4-dot tests See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Color perception testing lanterns — Color vision testing devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Depth perception apparatus — Lang stereo tests; Randot stereo tests; Titmus stereo tests; TNO stereo tests See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Exophthalmometers — Hertel exophthalmometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Eye charts or vision cards — Lea symbols near vision cards; Snellen eye charts; Teller acuity cards; Vision testing charts (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Eye occluders — Maddox rods; Opaque occluders; Pinhole occluders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic drums or its accessories — Optokinetic drums See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic eye test lenses or accessories — Adult trial frames; Bagolini lenses; Pediatric trial frames; Trial lenses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic instrument tables or accessories — Animated fixation targets; Fixation targets; Handheld fixation lights See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic lensometers — Focimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic perimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic prisms — Combined vertical/horizontal prism bars; Fresnel prisms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic retinoscopes — Retinoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic slit lamps — Portable biomicroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic visual function analyzers — Deviometers; Digital fundus cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Direct ophthalmoscopes; Indirect ophthalmoscopes; Scanning laser ophthalmoscopes; Visuscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Overhead projectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slide projectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vision testing stereoscopes — Amblyoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Computer based training software — SeeRite Flash and Match See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Medical software — Computer Aided Vision Therapy CAVT; MAX Systems Max-Gold Medical Clinic Software; Therapeutic orthoptic software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Eye Tracking Exercises Enterprises Track with Letters; Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Test patient vision. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat chronic diseases or disorders. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Diagnose medical conditions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare reports summarizing patient diagnostic or care activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop medical treatment plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist healthcare practitioners during examinations or treatments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train medical providers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop health assessment methods or programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Present medical research reports. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 94% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 83% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 94% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 69% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 69% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 60% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 54% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 60% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 54% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 46% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 43% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 57% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 41% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 29% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 31% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 26% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 31% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 80% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 37% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
86   Post-baccalaureate certificate Help
11   Bachelor's degree
3   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ISR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other.
Employment data collected from Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other.
Industry data collected from Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other.

Median wages (2014) $35.29 hourly, $73,400 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 47,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 13,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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