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Summary Report for:
29-2055.00 - Surgical Technologists

Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.

Sample of reported job titles: Certified Surgical Tech/First Assistant, Certified Surgical Technician, Certified Surgical Technologist (CST), Operating Room Surgical Technician (OR St), Operating Room Technician (OR Tech), Operating Room Technologist (OR Tech), Surgical Scrub Technician, Surgical Scrub Technologist (Surgical Scrub Tech), Surgical Technician, Surgical Technologist (Surgical Tech)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Maintain a proper sterile field during surgical procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Count sponges, needles, and instruments before and after operation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Scrub arms and hands and assist the surgical team to scrub and put on gloves, masks, and surgical clothing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide technical assistance to surgeons, surgical nurses, or anesthesiologists. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare patients for surgery, including positioning patients on the operating table and covering them with sterile surgical drapes to prevent exposure. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Hand instruments and supplies to surgeons and surgeons' assistants, hold retractors and cut sutures, and perform other tasks as directed by surgeon during operation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare, care for, and dispose of tissue specimens taken for laboratory analysis. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wash and sterilize equipment, using germicides and sterilizers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor and continually assess operating room conditions, including patient and surgical team needs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate, assemble, adjust, or monitor sterilizers, lights, suction machines, or diagnostic equipment to ensure proper operation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare dressings or bandages and apply or assist with their application following surgery. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and restock operating room, gathering and placing equipment and supplies and arranging instruments according to instructions, such as a preference card. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Order surgical supplies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Observe patients' vital signs to assess physical condition. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain supply of fluids, such as plasma, saline, blood, or glucose, for use during operations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain files and records of surgical procedures. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Defibrillators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Autotransfusion units — Autotransfusion systems; Cell savers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood recovery and delivery systems — Autologous blood recovery systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cardiac ultrasound or doppler or echo units or cardioscopes — Doppler ultrasound equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cardiovascular or thoracic retractors — Internal mammary artery IMA retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Central venous catheters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemical or gas sterilizers — Ethylene oxide sterilizers; Sterad machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coronary stent — Cardiovascular stents See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cryosurgery equipment or accessories — Cryo units; Cryo-ophthalmic units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic blood pressure units — Electronic blood pressure cuffs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment — Argon beam coagulators; Electrocautery equipment; Spark-gap electrosurgical units; Thermal cautery units (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Endoscopic clamp or dissector or grasper or forceps — Graspers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Endoscopic equipment or procedure carts or accessories — Endoscopy equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Endoscopic video cameras or recorders or adapters or accessories — Endoscopic camera/video systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Eyemagnets for ophthalmic surgery — Eye magnets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas anesthesia apparatus — Anesthesia machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heart and lung machines or accessories — Coronary bypass pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Instrument tables for surgical or obstetrical delivery use or accessories or related products — Adjustable height instrument tables; Instrument tables; Motorized lift tables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Intravenous or arterial fluid warmers or accessories — Blood/fluid warmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lap mayo trays or mayo stands for surgical use or accessories — Mayo stands See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laparoscopes or laparoscopic telescopes — Laparoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical cine fluoroscopy equipment — Fluoroscopy equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical equipment and instrument disinfectant washing equipment — Washer sanitizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical exam headlights or headlamps or accessories — Fiber optic luminators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical imaging dry laser printers or imagers — Digital Imaging Communications in Medicine DICOM diagnostic medical printers; Medical imagining laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical incision drains — Wound drains See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical picture archiving computer systems PACS — Medical image database systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical stapler for external use — Skin staplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical stapler for internal use — Hemorrhoidal circular staplers; Intestinal stapling devices; Intraluminal staplers; Surgical stapling equipment (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical syringe without needle — Syringes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical x ray units for general diagnostic use — X ray machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mercury blood pressure units — Manual blood pressure units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Operating room patient fracture tables or orthopedic tables or accessories or related products — Fracture tables; Orthopedic arm boards with drains See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Operating room patient positioning devices or accessories — Cardiac leg wedges; Positioning equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oxygen insufflator or its accessories — Insufflators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient stretchers or stretcher accessories — Stretchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pleural cavity drainage unit or container or accessories — Chest drains See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Resuscitation kits — Pulmonary resuscitators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specimen collection container — Lab specimen containers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Autoclaves; Flash autoclaves; Washer sterilizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sterilization cabinets — Steri-vac aeration cabinets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Surgical clamps; Surgical forceps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical controller instruments — Master control units or manipulators; Remote manipulation robots; Robotic manipulators; Surgical navigation systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical dermatomes or dermabraders or dermameshers or accessories — Dermatome blades; Dermatomes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical dilators or accessories — Surgical dilators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical dissectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical drains or sets or accessories — Surgical drains See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical drapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical elevators or levers — Kleinert-Kutz elevators; Surgical elevators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical equipment stands or accessories — Ring stands See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical instrument holders or positioners — Instrument positioning equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical lasers or accessories — Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers; Eye lasers; Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Nd:YAG lasers; Surgical lasers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical lithotripters or accessories — Lithotripters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical microscopes or loops or magnifiers or accessories — Loupes; Microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical needle holders for general use — Needle holders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical nerve stimulators or accessories — Nerve stimulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical or endoscopic catheters or catheterization kits or drainage bags — Cholangiocath catheters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical pneumatic or battery or electric saws or drills or pin drivers or accessories — Craniotome drills; Neurotome drills; Orthopedic drills; Surgical pneumatic drills (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical pneumatic or electric tourniquets or accessories — Pneumatic tourniquets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical power equipment sets or accessories — Robotic arms; Surgical robotics equipment; Surgical robots; Voice activated surgical systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical probes or directors — Surgical probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical retractors for general use — Retractors; Surgical retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines or accessories — Scalpels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical smoke evacuators or accessories — Smoke evacuators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical suction machines or vacuum extractors or ultrasonic surgical aspirators or regulators or accessories — Portable suction units; Slow suction units; Suction machines; Surgical aspirators (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical suction or irrigation tubing or accessories — Surgical tubing or irrigation tubing See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical vacuum extraction devices or curettes or related products — Vacuum extractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Suture needles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Suturing kits or trays or packs or sets — Suturing kits; Suturing needle forceps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling blankets or drapes — Warm air blankets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling units or systems — Hyper/hypothermia units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tourniquets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tracheostomy tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vascular sequential compression devices or tubing — Venodynes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vein harvest kit or system — Endoscopic vein harvesting equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Video cassette players or recorders — Video cassette recorders VCR See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheelchairs See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Medical software — Electronic medical record EMR software; PracticeWorks Systems Kodak WINOMS CS; Supply documentation software; Surgery workflow communication software (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Microsoft Windows See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Prepare biological specimens for laboratory analysis. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record patient medical histories. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust settings or positions of medical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain sterile operative fields. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Protect patients or staff members using safety equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain inventory of medical supplies or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position patients for treatment or examination. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist healthcare practitioners during surgery. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sterilize medical equipment or instruments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean medical equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply bandages, dressings, or splints. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order medical supplies or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Physical Proximity — 95% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 87% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 87% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 81% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 82% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 75% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 79% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 76% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 63% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 74% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 59% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 72% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 42% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 47% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 54% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 50% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 46% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 65% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 42% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 33% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 39% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 32% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 28% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 45% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
41   Associate's degree
31   Post-secondary certificate Help
23   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RSC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $20.84 hourly, $43,350 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 99,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 39,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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