Summary Report for:
47-4099.02 - Solar Thermal Installers and Technicians
Install or repair solar energy systems designed to collect, store, and circulate solar-heated water for residential, commercial or industrial use.
This title represents an occupation for which data collection is currently underway.
- Design active direct or indirect, passive direct or indirect, or pool solar systems.
- Perform routine maintenance or repairs to restore solar thermal systems to baseline operating conditions.
- Apply operation or identification tags or labels to system components, as required.
- Assess collector sites to ensure structural integrity of potential mounting surfaces or the best orientation and tilt for solar collectors.
- Connect water heaters and storage tanks to power and water sources.
- Determine locations for installing solar subsystem components, including piping, water heaters, valves, and ancillary equipment.
- Fill water tanks and check tanks, pipes, and fittings for leaks.
- Identify plumbing, electrical, environmental, or safety hazards associated with solar thermal installations.
- Install circulating pumps using pipe, fittings, soldering equipment, electrical supplies, and hand tools.
- Install copper or plastic plumbing using pipes, fittings, pipe cutters, acetylene torches, solder, wire brushes, sand cloths, flux, plastic pipe cleaners, or plastic glue.
- Install flat-plat, evacuated glass, or concentrating solar collectors on mounting devices, using brackets or struts.
- Install heat exchangers and heat exchanger fluids according to installation manuals and schematics.
- Install monitoring system components, such as flow meters, temperature gauges, and pressure gauges, according to system design and manufacturer specifications.
- Install plumbing, such as dip tubes, port fittings, drain tank valves, pressure temperature relief valves, or tanks, according to manufacturer specifications and building codes.
- Install solar collector mounting devices on tile, asphalt, shingle, or built-up gravel roofs, using appropriate materials and penetration methods.
- Install solar thermal system controllers and sensors.
- Test operation or functionality of mechanical, plumbing, electrical, and control systems.
- Apply ultraviolet radiation protection to prevent degradation of plumbing.
- Apply weather seal, such as pipe flashings and sealants, to roof penetrations and structural devices.
- Cut, miter, and glue piping insulation to insulate plumbing pipes and fittings.
- Demonstrate start-up, shut-down, maintenance, diagnostic, and safety procedures to thermal system owners.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Caulking guns — Caulking equipment
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Video probe systems
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Front end loaders — Utility work machines
- Geological compasses — Directional compasses
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Digital refractometers
- Hole saws — Hole cutters
- Hydraulic pumps — Transfer pumps
- Ladders — Extension ladders; Fiberglass extension ladders
- Levels — Torpedo levels
- Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers; Vise grip pliers
- Masks or accessories — Filter masks
- Minivans or vans — Work vans
- Multimeters — Digital multimeters
- Needlenose pliers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
- Personal computers
- Pipe or tube cutter — Tubing cutters
- Pipe wrenches — Large pipe wrenches; Medium pipe wrenches
- Pitch measuring instruments — Inclinometers
- Pocket calculator — Handheld calculators
- Portable data input terminals — Solar analysis systems
- Positive displacement pumps — Charging pumps
- Power drills — Cordless drills; Impact drills; Right-angle drills
- Power saws — Jig saws; Reciprocating saws
- Protective gloves
- Pry bars — Small pry bars
- Putty knives
- Round file — Rat tail files
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Fall arrest harnesses
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Solar radiation surface observing apparatus — Solarimeters
- Soldering iron — Soldering equipment
- Stud finders — Stud locators
- Tape measures — Steel measuring tapes
- Threading taps — Pipe taps
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Trenching machines — Trenchers
- Tube bending machine — Tubing benders
- Utility knives
- Water hoses
- Wire cutters — Pair of dykes
- Wire lug crimping tool — Crimping lugs
Technology used in this occupation:
Detailed Work Activities
- Maintain mechanical equipment.
- Pour materials into or on designated areas.
- Cut carpet, vinyl or other flexible materials.
- Determine appropriate locations for operations or installations.
- Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
- Apply adhesives to construction materials.
- Test electrical equipment or systems to ensure proper functioning.
- Install plumbing or piping.
- Install solar energy systems.
- Inspect plumbing systems or fixtures.
- Communicate with clients about products, procedures, and policies.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Inspect industrial or commercial equipment to ensure proper operation.
- Assess locations for potential green technology installations.
- Apply identification labels or tags.
- Install gauges or controls.
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Construction and Related Workers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Construction and Related Workers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Construction and Related Workers, All Other.
|Median wages (2014)||$17.02 hourly, $35,400 annual|
|Employment (2012)||36,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||11,400|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.