Summary Report for:
49-9043.00 - Maintenance Workers, Machinery
Lubricate machinery, change parts, or perform other routine machinery maintenance.
Sample of reported job titles: Industrial Maintenance Millwright, Machine Repairer, Maintainer, Maintenance Electrician, Maintenance Machinist, Maintenance Mechanic, Maintenance Technician, Maintenance Worker, Mechanic, Oiler
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Reassemble machines after the completion of repair or maintenance work.
- Start machines and observe mechanical operation to determine efficiency and to detect problems.
- Inspect or test damaged machine parts, and mark defective areas or advise supervisors of repair needs.
- Lubricate or apply adhesives or other materials to machines, machine parts, or other equipment, according to specified procedures.
- Install, replace, or change machine parts and attachments, according to production specifications.
- Dismantle machines and remove parts for repair, using hand tools, chain falls, jacks, cranes, or hoists.
- Record production, repair, and machine maintenance information.
- Read work orders and specifications to determine machines and equipment requiring repair or maintenance.
- Set up and operate machines, and adjust controls to regulate operations.
- Collaborate with other workers to repair or move machines, machine parts, or equipment.
- Inventory and requisition machine parts, equipment, and other supplies so that stock can be maintained and replenished.
- Transport machine parts, tools, equipment, and other material between work areas and storage, using cranes, hoists, or dollies.
- Collect and discard worn machine parts and other refuse to maintain machinery and work areas.
- Clean machines and machine parts, using cleaning solvents, cloths, air guns, hoses, vacuums, or other equipment.
- Replace or repair metal, wood, leather, glass, or other lining in machines, or in equipment compartments or containers.
- Remove hardened material from machines or machine parts, using abrasives, power and hand tools, jackhammers, sledgehammers, or other equipment.
- Measure, mix, prepare, and test chemical solutions used to clean or repair machinery and equipment.
- Replace, empty, or replenish machine and equipment containers such as gas tanks or boxes.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Abrasive drums — Abrasive wheels
- Abrasive stones — Abrasive rubbing stones
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Automotive honing machine — Hones
- Blow torch — Oxyacetylene torches
- Calipers — Dial calipers; Vernier calipers
- Compressed air gun — Compressed air guns
- Cutting die — Metal cutting dies
- Deburring tool — Deburring tools
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Ear plugs
- Grease guns
- Grinders — Lapping equipment
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws; Power hacksaws
- Hand reamer — Reamers
- Hard hats
- Hoists — Chain falls
- Hold down clamps
- Lockout devices — Lockout hasps
- Machine guarding — Safety blocks
- Manual press brake — Brakes
- Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws
- Metal cutters
- Metal folding machine — Sheet metal folders
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Metal polishing machine — Polishing machines
- Milling machines
- Personal computers
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers
- Power buffers — Buffing machines
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Grinding machines
- Power riveter — Rivet guns
- Power saws — Bench saws; Cutoff saws
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches
- Rulers — Steel rules
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Slings — Rigging equipment
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering guns
- Spot welding machine — Spot-welding equipment
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Taps — Metal cutting taps
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Vacuum cleaners — Industrial vacuums
- Welding or cutting tip — Welding tips
- Workshop cranes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
Detailed Work Activities
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Communicate with coworkers to coordinate installations or repairs.
- Reassemble equipment after repair.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
- Clean work areas.
- Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
- Observe equipment in operation to detect potential problems.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Read work orders or descriptions of problems to determine repairs or modifications needed.
- Test fluids to identify contamination or other problems.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Prepare compounds or solutions to be used for repairs.
- Confer with coworkers to resolve equipment problems.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 81% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 52% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 57% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 56% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 59% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 51% responded “Very important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 61% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 43% responded “Important results.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 46% responded “High responsibility.”
- Spend Time Standing — 37% responded “More than half the time.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 51% responded “40 hours.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 40% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Physical Proximity — 63% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 31% responded “Important.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 28% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 35% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Letters and Memos — 43% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Telephone — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 31% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 26% responded “Fairly important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 37% responded “More than half the time.”
- Consequence of Error — 28% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Exposed to High Places — 29% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 24% responded “High responsibility.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|64||High school diploma or equivalent|
|7||Some college, no degree|
Interest code: RCI
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$20.50 hourly, $42,640 annual|
|Employment (2012)||89,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||21,100|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Industrial Machinery Mechanics and Maintenance Workers and Millwrights . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.