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Summary Report for:
51-4023.00 - Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

Set up, operate, or tend machines to roll steel or plastic forming bends, beads, knurls, rolls, or plate or to flatten, temper, or reduce gauge of material.

Sample of reported job titles: Breakdown Mill Operator, Calender Operator, Cold Mill Operator, Controller, High Frequency Mill Operator, Mill Operator, Piercer Operator, Roll Form Operator, Rolling Mill Operator, Roughing Mill Operator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Adjust and correct machine set-ups to reduce thicknesses, reshape products, and eliminate product defects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor machine cycles and mill operation to detect jamming and to ensure that products conform to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine, inspect, and measure raw materials and finished products to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read rolling orders, blueprints, and mill schedules to determine setup specifications, work sequences, product dimensions, and installation procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Manipulate controls and observe dial indicators to monitor, adjust, and regulate speeds of machine mechanisms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Start operation of rolling and milling machines to flatten, temper, form, and reduce sheet metal sections and to produce steel strips. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set distance points between rolls, guides, meters, and stops, according to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Thread or feed sheets or rods through rolling mechanisms, or start and control mechanisms that automatically feed steel into rollers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position, align, and secure arbors, spindles, coils, mandrels, dies, and slitting knives. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct and train other workers to change rolls, operate mill equipment, remove coils and cobbles, and band and load material. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill oil cups, adjust valves, and observe gauges to control flow of metal coolants and lubricants onto workpieces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record mill production on schedule sheets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install equipment such as guides, guards, gears, cooling equipment, and rolls, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Signal and assist other workers to remove and position equipment, fill hoppers, and feed materials into machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Calculate draft space and roll speed for each mill stand to plan rolling sequences and specified dimensions and tempers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select rolls, dies, roll stands, and chucks from data charts to form specified contours and to fabricate products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Activate shears and grinders to trim workpieces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove scratches and polish roll surfaces, using polishing stones and electric buffers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Disassemble sizing mills removed from rolling lines, and sort and store parts. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Calipers — Digital calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Current meter — Velocimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cylinder gauge — Ring gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Displacement transducer — Displacement transducers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dust brushes or pans — Long-handled brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Furnaces — Industrial furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Height gauges — Width gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Chain hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lubricator pump — Roll lubrication systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal detectors — Hot metal detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal shearing machine — Crop shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Overhead crane — Electric overhead traveling EOT cranes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure sensors — Optical gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure transducer — Fluid pressure transducers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radius gauge — Diameter gauges; Digital radius gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rolling press — Cluster rolling mills; Finishing mills; Two-high reversing rolling mills; Two-high rolling mills (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Strain gauges — Digital strain gauges; Weighing load cells See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Steel tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tension testers — Tensiometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thickness measuring devices — Plate outline gauges; Sheet metal gauges See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select production equipment according to product specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calculate specific material, equipment, or labor requirements for production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct operational or production activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate coolant flow. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor instruments to ensure proper production conditions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Signal others to coordinate work activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cutting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Reshape metal workpieces to established specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install mechanical components in production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sort materials or products for processing, storing, shipping, or grading. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate metal or plastic forming equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate grinding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Feed materials or products into or through equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Set equipment guides, stops, spacers, or other fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Instruct workers to use equipment or perform technical procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 89% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 90% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 85% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 71% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 69% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 50% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 52% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 43% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 51% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 40% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 40% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 33% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 47% responded “Moderate results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 45% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 36% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 55% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 37% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 37% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 32% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 48% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 29% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Degree of Automation — 40% responded “Highly automated.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 35% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
74   High school diploma or equivalent Help
16   Less than high school diploma
10   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $19.18 hourly, $39,900 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 36,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 7,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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