Summary Report for:
51-4193.00 - Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
Set up, operate, or tend plating or coating machines to coat metal or plastic products with chromium, zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, or other metal to protect or decorate surfaces. Includes electrolytic processes.
Sample of reported job titles: Anodizer, Anodizing Line Operator, Chrome Plater, Coater Associate, Coater Operator, Electro Plater, Hard Chrome Plater, Line Operator, Machine Operator, Plater
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Inspect coated or plated areas for defects such as air bubbles or uneven coverage.
- Immerse objects to be coated or plated into cleaning solutions, or spray objects with conductive solutions to prepare them for plating.
- Immerse workpieces in coating solutions or liquid metal or plastic for specified times.
- Set up, operate, or tend plating or coating machines to coat metal or plastic products with chromium, zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, or other metal to protect or decorate surfaces.
- Position and feed materials into processing machines, by hand or by using automated equipment.
- Test machinery to ensure that it is operating properly.
- Operate hoists to place workpieces onto machine feed carriages or spindles.
- Maintain production records.
- Adjust controls to set temperatures of coating substances and speeds of machines and equipment.
- Remove objects from solutions at periodic intervals and observe objects to verify conformance to specifications.
- Observe gauges to ensure that machines are operating properly, making adjustments or stopping machines when problems occur.
- Position containers to receive parts, and load or unload materials in containers, using dollies or handtrucks.
- Perform equipment maintenance such as cleaning tanks and lubricating moving parts of conveyors.
- Clean and maintain equipment, using water hoses and scrapers.
- Determine sizes and compositions of objects to be plated, and amounts of electrical current and time required.
- Suspend sticks or pieces of plating metal from anodes, or positive terminals, and immerse metal in plating solutions.
- Monitor and measure thicknesses of electroplating on component parts to verify conformance to specifications, using micrometers.
- Adjust dials to regulate flow of current and voltage supplied to terminals to control plating processes.
- Rinse coated objects in cleansing liquids and dry them with cloths, centrifugal driers, or by tumbling in sawdust-filled barrels.
- Examine completed objects to determine thicknesses of metal deposits, or measure thicknesses by using instruments such as micrometers.
- Measure or weigh materials, using rulers, calculators, and scales.
- Suspend objects such as parts or molds from cathode rods, or negative terminals, and immerse objects in plating solutions.
- Measure, mark, and mask areas to be excluded from plating.
- Mix and test solutions, and turn valves to fill tanks with solutions.
- Place plated or coated materials on racks and transfer them to ovens to dry for specified periods of time.
- Plate small objects such as nuts or bolts, using motor-driven barrels.
- Read production schedules to determine setups of equipment and machines.
- Spray coating in specified patterns according to instructions.
- Position objects to be plated in frames, or suspend them from positive or negative terminals of power supplies.
- Measure and set stops, rolls, brushes, and guides on automatic feeders and conveying equipment or coating machines, using micrometers, rules, and hand tools.
- Preheat workpieces in ovens.
- Replace worn parts and adjust equipment components, using hand tools.
- Attach nozzles, position guns, connect hoses, and thread wire to set up metal-spraying machines.
- Remove excess materials or impurities from objects, using air hoses or grinding machines.
- Clean workpieces, using wire brushes.
- Install gears and holding devices on conveyor equipment.
- Operate sandblasting equipment to roughen and clean surfaces of workpieces.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air dryers — Spin dryers
- Ammeters — Digital ammeters
- Calipers — Digital calipers
- Conveyor system — Monorail conveyer systems
- Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts
- Galvanometers — Thermo galvanometers
- Heat treating age hardening furnace — Bake ovens
- Hoists — Chain hoists
- Jacks — Floor jacks
- Levels — Digital levels
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks
- Processing tanks — Plating tank
- Sand blasting machine — Sand blasters
- Workshop cranes — Fixed workshop cranes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Compliance software — Hazardous materials management HMS software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Procurement software — Oracle Advanced Procurement
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Detailed Work Activities
- Remove products or workpieces from production equipment.
- Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
- Record operational or production data.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Mix substances to create chemical solutions.
- Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes.
- Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
- Adjust flow of electricity to tools or production equipment.
- Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products.
- Load materials into production equipment.
- Clean workpieces or finished products.
- Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements.
- Determine metal or plastic production methods.
- Load items into ovens or furnaces.
- Operate painting or coating equipment.
- Install mechanical components in production equipment.
- Operate grinding equipment.
- Clean production equipment.
- Feed materials or products into or through equipment.
- Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production.
- Replace worn equipment components.
- Immerse objects or workpieces in cleaning or coating solutions.
- Connect supply lines to production equipment or tools.
- Inspect finishes of workpieces or finished products.
- Set equipment guides, stops, spacers, or other fixtures.
- Conduct test runs of production equipment.
- Maintain production or processing equipment.
- Lubricate production equipment.
- Position containers to receive materials or workpieces.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 99% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 96% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 73% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 84% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 68% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 61% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 53% responded “Very important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 55% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 48% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 53% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 39% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 41% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 33% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Time Pressure — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 28% responded “Extremely important.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 30% responded “Very important.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 28% responded “Fairly important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 25% responded “Never.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 27% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 32% responded “Very important results.”
- Contact With Others — 28% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 38% responded “Never.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|67||High school diploma or equivalent|
|28||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$14.69 hourly, $30,550 annual|
|Employment (2014)||36,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||8,900|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Metal and plastic machine workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.