Summary Report for:
51-5113.00 - Print Binding and Finishing Workers
Bind books and other publications or finish printed products by hand or machine. May set up binding and finishing machines.
Sample of reported job titles: Binder Operator, Bindery Cutter Operator, Bindery Operator, Bindery Production Manager, Bindery Technician, Bindery Worker, Book Binder, Bookbinder, Machine Operator, Production Associate
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Apply color to edges of signatures using brushes, pads, or atomizers.
- Bind new books, using hand tools such as bone folders, knives, hammers, or brass binding tools.
- Compress sewed or glued signatures, using hand presses or smashing machines.
- Cut binder boards to specified dimensions, using board shears, hand cutters, or cutting machines.
- Cut cover material to specified dimensions, fitting and gluing material to binder boards by hand or machine.
- Design original or special bindings for limited editions or other custom binding projects.
- Form book bodies by folding and sewing printed sheets to form signatures and assembling signatures in numerical order.
- Imprint or emboss lettering, designs, or numbers on book covers, using gold, silver, or colored foil, and stamping machines.
- Insert book bodies in devices that form back edges of books into convex shapes and produce grooves that facilitate cover attachment.
- Maintain records, such as daily production records, using specified forms.
- Meet with clients, printers, or designers to discuss job requirements or binding plans.
- Monitor machine operations to detect malfunctions or to determine whether adjustments are needed.
- Perform highly skilled hand finishing binding operations, such as grooving or lettering.
- Punch holes in and fasten paper sheets, signatures, or other material, using hand or machine punches and staplers.
- Read work orders to determine instructions and specifications for machine set-up.
- Repair, restore, or rebind old, rare, or damaged books, using hand tools.
- Set up or operate bindery machines, such as coil binders, thermal or tape binders, plastic comb binders, or specialty binders.
- Set up or operate glue machines by filling glue reservoirs, turning switches to activate heating elements, or adjusting glue flow or conveyor speed.
- Set up or operate machines that perform binding operations, such as pressing, folding, or trimming.
- Stitch or glue endpapers, bindings, backings, or signatures, using sewing machines, glue machines, or glue and brushes.
- Trim edges of books to size, using cutting machines, book trimming machines, or hand cutters.
- Examine stitched, collated, bound, or unbound product samples for defects, such as imperfect bindings, ink spots, torn pages, loose pages, or loose or uncut threads.
- Install or adjust bindery machine devices, such as knives, guides, rollers, rounding forms, creasing rams, or clamps, to accommodate sheets, signatures, or books of specified sizes.
- Lubricate, clean, or make minor repairs to machine parts to keep machines in working condition.
- Prepare finished books for shipping by wrapping or packing books and stacking boxes on pallets.
- Train workers to set up, operate, and use automatic bindery machines.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Applicator brushes — Bookbinding glue brushes
- Banding machines — Strapping machines
- Book creasing machines — Rounding and backing machines; Scoring machines
- Book cutting machines — Die cutting equipment
- Book folding machines — Buckle folders; Knife folders
- Book jogging machines — Paper jogging machines
- Book punching machines — Paper punching machines; Punching cradles
- Book stitching machines — Book stitching equipment; Coil binding machines; Saddle stitchers; Spiral coil inserters (see all 5 examples)
- Conveyor feeders — Cover feeders; Signature feeders
- Digital duplicators — Digital duplicating machines
- Dollies — Hand dollies
- End cut pliers — Band nippers
- Flat nose pliers — Coil crimping pliers
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Hot stamp printer — Hot foil stamping machines
- Industrial shrink wrap equipment — Shrink wrap machines
- Jig block — Bookbinding jigs
- Knife blades — Paper knives
- Laminators — Laminating machines
- Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers
- Output stackers — Bindery stackers
- Paint rollers — Glue rollers
- Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks
- Paper drilling machines — Paper drills
- Perforating machines — Perforators
- Personal computers
- Printing assemblers — Case makers; Padding presses; Smashing machines
- Printing awls — Bookbinding awls
- Printing collators or decollators — Printing collators
- Printing cutters — Corner rounders
- Printing guillotines — Board shears; Guillotine paper cutters
- Printing punches — Push drills
- Printing trimmers — Hydraulic trimmers
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Rotary punches
- Roller conveyors — Bookbinding machine conveyors
- Rulers — Book binding rulers
- Thermal book binding machines — Perfect binding machines; Spine tapers; Tape binding machines; Thermal book binding equipment
- Utility knives — Bookbinding utility knives
Technology used in this occupation:
- Accounting software — Trade Bindery Software Bindery Estimating System
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Trade Bindery Software Bindery Management System
- Label making software — Label printing software
- Library software — Houchen Bindery Library Automated Retrieval System (LARS) software; Smiths Falls Systems LINCPlus software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
Detailed Work Activities
- Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment.
- Sew clothing or other articles.
- Inspected printed materials or other images to verify quality.
- Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
- Trim excess material from workpieces.
- Operate sewing equipment.
- Record operational or production data.
- Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products.
- Load materials into production equipment.
- Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements.
- Package products for storage or shipment.
- Stack finished items for further processing or shipment.
- Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products.
- Clean production equipment.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Lubricate production equipment.
- Confer with customers or designers to determine order specifications.
- Repair production equipment or tools.
- Operate equipment to print images or bind printed images together.
- Instruct workers to use equipment or perform technical procedures.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
- Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
- Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
- Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
- Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
- Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
- Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
- Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
- Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
- Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
- Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
- Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
- Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
- Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$14.19 hourly, $29,500 annual|
|Employment (2012)||55,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Decline (-3% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||9,600|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Printing Workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.