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Summary Report for:
51-5113.00 - Print Binding and Finishing Workers

Bind books and other publications or finish printed products by hand or machine. May set up binding and finishing machines.

Sample of reported job titles: Binder Operator, Bindery Operator, Bindery Production Manager, Bindery Technician, Bindery Worker, Book Binder, Custom Bookbinder, Machine Operator, Perfect Binder Operator, Production Associate

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Examine stitched, collated, bound, or unbound product samples for defects, such as imperfect bindings, ink spots, torn pages, loose pages, or loose or uncut threads. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read work orders to determine instructions and specifications for machine set-up. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install or adjust bindery machine devices, such as knives, guides, rollers, rounding forms, creasing rams, or clamps, to accommodate sheets, signatures, or books of specified sizes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Trim edges of books to size, using cutting machines, book trimming machines, or hand cutters. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Stitch or glue endpapers, bindings, backings, or signatures, using sewing machines, glue machines, or glue and brushes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor machine operations to detect malfunctions or to determine whether adjustments are needed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain records, such as daily production records, using specified forms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lubricate, clean, or make minor repairs to machine parts to keep machines in working condition. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up or operate bindery machines, such as coil binders, thermal or tape binders, plastic comb binders, or specialty binders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up or operate machines that perform binding operations, such as pressing, folding, or trimming. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare finished books for shipping by wrapping or packing books and stacking boxes on pallets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up or operate glue machines by filling glue reservoirs, turning switches to activate heating elements, or adjusting glue flow or conveyor speed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train workers to set up, operate, and use automatic bindery machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Insert book bodies in devices that form back edges of books into convex shapes and produce grooves that facilitate cover attachment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut cover material to specified dimensions, fitting and gluing material to binder boards by hand or machine. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut binder boards to specified dimensions, using board shears, hand cutters, or cutting machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Bind new books, using hand tools such as bone folders, knives, hammers, or brass binding tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform highly skilled hand finishing binding operations, such as grooving or lettering. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Imprint or emboss lettering, designs, or numbers on book covers, using gold, silver, or colored foil, and stamping machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compress sewed or glued signatures, using hand presses or smashing machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Meet with clients, printers, or designers to discuss job requirements or binding plans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Form book bodies by folding and sewing printed sheets to form signatures and assembling signatures in numerical order. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design original or special bindings for limited editions or other custom binding projects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Punch holes in and fasten paper sheets, signatures, or other material, using hand or machine punches and staplers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair, restore, or rebind old, rare, or damaged books, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply color to edges of signatures using brushes, pads, or atomizers. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Applicator brushes — Bookbinding glue brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Banding machines — Strapping machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Book creasing machines — Rounding and backing machines; Scoring machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Book cutting machines — Die cutting equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Book folding machines — Buckle folders; Knife folders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Book jogging machines — Paper jogging machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Book punching machines — Paper punching machines; Punching cradles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Book stitching machines — Book stitching equipment; Coil binding machines; Saddle stitchers; Spiral coil inserters (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conveyor feeders — Cover feeders; Signature feeders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital duplicators — Digital duplicating machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dollies — Hand dollies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • End cut pliers — Band nippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flat nose pliers — Coil crimping pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hot stamp printer — Hot foil stamping machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Industrial shrink wrap equipment — Shrink wrap machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jig block — Bookbinding jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Knife blades — Paper knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laminators — Laminating machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Output stackers — Bindery stackers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint rollers — Glue rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paper drilling machines — Paper drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Perforating machines — Perforators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing assemblers — Case makers; Padding presses; Smashing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing awls — Bookbinding awls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing collators or decollators — Printing collators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing cutters — Corner rounders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing guillotines — Board shears; Guillotine paper cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing punches — Push drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing trimmers — Hydraulic trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Rotary punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Roller conveyors — Bookbinding machine conveyors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Book binding rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermal book binding machines — Perfect binding machines; Spine tapers; Tape binding machines; Thermal book binding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Bookbinding utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Trade Bindery Software Bindery Estimating System See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Trade Bindery Software Bindery Management System See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Label making software — Label printing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Library software — Houchen Bindery Library Automated Retrieval System (LARS) software; Smiths Falls Systems LINCPlus software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sew clothing or other articles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspected printed materials or other images to verify quality. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate sewing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load materials into production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Package products for storage or shipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Stack finished items for further processing or shipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lubricate production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair production equipment or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate equipment to print images or bind printed images together. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with customers or designers to determine order specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Instruct workers to use equipment or perform technical procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 82% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 72% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 46% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 69% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 53% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 39% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 54% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 37% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 30% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 35% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 45% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 31% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 32% responded “Very little freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 37% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 34% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 45% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 37% responded “I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 26% responded “Very serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
88   High school diploma or equivalent Help
4   Less than high school diploma
4   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $14.19 hourly, $29,500 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 55,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 9,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Printing Workers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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