Summary Report for:
53-5011.00 - Sailors and Marine Oilers
Stand watch to look for obstructions in path of vessel, measure water depth, turn wheel on bridge, or use emergency equipment as directed by captain, mate, or pilot. Break out, rig, overhaul, and store cargo-handling gear, stationary rigging, and running gear. Perform a variety of maintenance tasks to preserve the painted surface of the ship and to maintain line and ship equipment. Must hold government-issued certification and tankerman certification when working aboard liquid-carrying vessels. Includes able seamen and ordinary seamen.
Sample of reported job titles: Able Bodied Seaman (AB Seaman), Able Bodied Tankerman (AB Tankerman), Able Bodied Watchman (AB Watchman), Able Seaman, Bosun, Deck Hand, Deckhand, Merchant Marine, Oiler, Quarter Master
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Maintain government-issued certifications, as required.
- Lower and man lifeboats when emergencies occur.
- Stand by wheels when ships are on automatic pilot and verify accuracy of courses, using magnetic compasses.
- Steer ships under the direction of commanders or navigating officers or direct helmsmen to steer, following designated courses.
- Handle lines to moor vessels to wharfs, to tie up vessels to other vessels, or to rig towing lines.
- Stand watch in ships' bows or bridge wings to look for obstructions in a ship's path or to locate navigational aids, such as buoys or lighthouses.
- Stand gangway watches to prevent unauthorized persons from boarding ships while in port.
- Overhaul lifeboats or lifeboat gear and lower or raise lifeboats with winches or falls.
- Operate, maintain, or repair ship equipment, such as winches, cranes, derricks, or weapons system.
- Load or unload materials from vessels.
- Lubricate machinery, equipment, or engine parts such as gears, shafts, or bearings.
- Break out, rig, and stow cargo-handling gear, stationary rigging, or running gear.
- Splice and repair ropes, wire cables, or cordage, using marlinespikes, wire cutters, twine, and hand tools.
- Provide engineers with assistance in repairing or adjusting machinery.
- Paint or varnish decks, superstructures, lifeboats, or sides of ships.
- Sweep, mop, and wash down decks to remove oil, dirt, and debris, using brooms, mops, brushes, and hoses.
- Chip and clean rust spots on decks, superstructures, or sides of ships, using wire brushes and hand or air chipping machines.
- Give directions to crew members engaged in cleaning wheelhouses or quarterdecks.
- Read pressure and temperature gauges or displays and record data in engineering logs.
- Examine machinery to verify specified pressures or lubricant flows.
- Measure depth of water in shallow or unfamiliar waters, using leadlines, and telephone or shout depth information to vessel bridges.
- Record in ships' logs data such as weather conditions and distances traveled.
- Attach hoses and operate pumps to transfer substances to and from liquid cargo tanks.
- Maintain a ship's engines under the direction of the ship's engineering officers.
- Relay specified signals to other ships, using visual signaling devices, such as blinker lights or semaphores.
- Tie barges together into tow units for tugboats to handle, inspecting barges periodically during voyages and disconnecting them when destinations are reached.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Alarm systems — Engine room alarm systems; Ship alarm systems
- Anchor chocks — Ship anchor chocks
- Anchor lines — Mooring cables; Mooring chains; Natural fiber mooring ropes; Synthetic mooring ropes
- Anchor rollers — Electric windlasses; Hand capstans; Hydraulic capstans; Hydraulic windlasses (see all 5 examples)
- Bench vises — Workshop vises
- Blocks or pulleys — Sheave blocks
- Bolt cutters
- Bridge cranes — Electric deck cranes; Grabbing cranes; Hydraulic deck cranes
- Cable splicing kits — Wire splicers
- Centrifugal pumps — Centrifugal cargo pumps
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels — Metal chisels
- Demolition hammers — Chipping hammers
- Depth gauges — Sounding rods; Sounding tapes; Tank level gauges
- Desktop computers
- Dewatering pumps — Bilge pumping systems
- Direction finding compasses — Magnetic compasses
- Eye bolts — Galvanized thimbles
- Fall protection lanyard — Safety lanyards
- Fans — Centrifugal ventilators
- Fire extinguishers — Portable fire extinguishers
- Fire hoses or nozzles — Fire hoses
- Fire suppression system — Carbon dioxide CO2 firefighting systems; Foam firefighting systems
- Flares — Pyrotechnic distress signals
- Forklift or elevator accessories or supplies — Cargo booms
- Gas detectors — Portable gas detectors
- Gas generators — Emergency generators
- Gear pumps
- Grease guns — Grease dispensing guns
- Gyroscopic instruments — Gyrocompasses
- Hoists — Cargo derricks; Chain cargo falls; Magnet hoists
- Insulated clothing for cold environments — Thermal protective aids TPA
- Insulated or flotation suits — Anti-exposure coveralls
- Ladders — Pilot ladders
- Life rings — Life buoys
- Life vests or preservers — Life jackets
- Lifeboats or liferafts — Lifeboats
- Lifting hooks — Cargo hooks
- Lifts — Lifeboat davits
- Loading equipment — Container lift trucks; Lifting spreaders
- Locking pliers — Locking jaw pliers
- Marine craft communications systems — Bridge telephones; Voice pipes
- Marine signaling systems — Blinker lights; Semaphores; Signal flags
- Masks or accessories — Filter masks
- Material handling hoses — Liquid cargo transfer hoses
- Oil can — Oil dispensing cans
- Open end wrenches — Crescent wrenches
- Pawls — Riding pawls
- Personal computers
- Pipe wrenches
- Power chippers — Air chippers
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Hand punches
- Radarbased surveillance systems — Radar navigation systems
- Radio navigation instruments — Emergency position-indicating radio beacons; Radio direction finders RDF
- Ratchets — Ratchet sets
- Reciprocating pumps
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts
- Safety helmets
- Sewing needles
- Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Sharpening steels
- Slings — Lifting slings
- Spanner wrenches
- Spot welding machine — Welders
- Telegraph sounders — Electric telegraphs; Mechanical telegraphs
- Two way radios
- Winches — Electric mooring winches; Hydraulic mooring winches; Manual winches; Steam winches
- Wire cutters
Technology used in this occupation:
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Detailed Work Activities
- Operate ships or other watercraft.
- Monitor surroundings to detect potential hazards.
- Load shipments, belongings, or materials.
- Assist others during emergencies.
- Monitor equipment gauges or displays to ensure proper operation.
- Signal others to coordinate vehicle movement.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Record operational or production data.
- Control pumps or pumping equipment.
- Verify information or specifications.
- Maintain professional knowledge or certifications.
- Record operational details of travel.
- Measure the level or depth of water or other liquids.
- Inspect material-moving equipment to detect problems.
- Maintain material moving equipment in good working condition.
- Maintain watercraft engines or machinery.
- Secure watercraft to docks, wharves or other vessels.
- Direct maintenance or repair activities.
- Connect hoses to equipment or machinery.
- Clean vessels or marine equipment.
- Set up material handling gear or equipment, such as rigging, packaging, or temporary structures.
- Contact With Others — 98% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 97% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 95% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 94% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 89% responded “Extremely important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 68% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 77% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 37% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures
- Coordinate or Lead Others
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 30% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 34% responded “More than half the time.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 34% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Time Pressure — 22% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 58% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 32% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 11% responded “Fairly important.”
- Physical Proximity
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to High Places — 12% responded “Never.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 35% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 13% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Telephone — 30% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 37% responded “Some freedom.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 12% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 11% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance
- Consequence of Error — 35% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$18.80 hourly, $39,100 annual|
|Employment (2012)||32,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||19,300|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Water Transportation Occupations . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.