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Details Report for:
19-1029.03 - Geneticists

Research and study the inheritance of traits at the molecular, organism or population level. May evaluate or treat patients with genetic disorders.

Sample of reported job titles: Professor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Research Scientist, Associate Professor of Genetics, Clinical Cytogenetics Director, Clinical Molecular Genetics Laboratory Director, Medical Genetics Director

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
90   Core Maintain laboratory notebooks that record research methods, procedures, and results.
90   Core Review, approve, or interpret genetic laboratory results.
87   Core Plan or conduct basic genomic and biological research related to areas such as regulation of gene expression, protein interactions, metabolic networks, and nucleic acid or protein complexes.
86   Core Search scientific literature to select and modify methods and procedures most appropriate for genetic research goals.
84   Core Write grants and papers or attend fundraising events to seek research funds.
82   Core Evaluate genetic data by performing appropriate mathematical or statistical calculations and analyses.
82   Core Extract deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or perform diagnostic tests involving processes such as gel electrophoresis, Southern blot analysis, and polymerase chain reaction analysis.
82   Core Prepare results of experimental findings for presentation at professional conferences or in scientific journals.
81   Core Attend clinical and research conferences and read scientific literature to keep abreast of technological advances and current genetic research findings.
80   Core Supervise or direct the work of other geneticists, biologists, technicians, or biometricians working on genetics research projects.
79   Core Analyze determinants responsible for specific inherited traits, and devise methods for altering traits or producing new traits.
74   Core Design and maintain genetics computer databases.
73   Core Design sampling plans or coordinate the field collection of samples such as tissue specimens.
73   Core Verify that cytogenetic, molecular genetic, and related equipment and instrumentation is maintained in working condition to ensure accuracy and quality of experimental results.
72   Core Collaborate with biologists and other professionals to conduct appropriate genetic and biochemical analyses.
70   Core Maintain laboratory safety programs and train personnel in laboratory safety techniques.
68   Core Create or use statistical models for the analysis of genetic data.
65   Core Develop protocols to improve existing genetic techniques or to incorporate new diagnostic procedures.
60   Core Confer with information technology specialists to develop computer applications for genetic data analysis.
74   Supplemental Evaluate, diagnose, or treat genetic diseases.
68   Supplemental Conduct family medical studies to evaluate the genetic basis for traits or diseases.
66   Supplemental Instruct medical students, graduate students, or others in methods or procedures for diagnosis and management of genetic disorders.
62   Supplemental Plan curatorial programs for species collections that include acquisition, distribution, maintenance, or regeneration.
44   Supplemental Participate in the development of endangered species breeding programs or species survival plans.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Dropping pipettes — Micropipettes
Electron guns — Phosphorimagers
Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatography equipment
Goggles — Safety goggles
Mass spectrometers — Mass spectrometry equipment
Microbiology analyzers — Flow cytometers
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Protective gloves — Safety gloves
Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Robotic liquid handlers
Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — RTI International SUDAAN; S.A.G.E. *; SAS/Genetics; Ward Systems Group GeneHunter (see all 12 examples)
Data base user interface and query software — Bioinformatics databases; Database software; HapMap *; Structured query language SQL
Development environment software — Formula translation/translator FORTRAN
Electronic mail software — Email software
Medical software — Plate reader software
Object or component oriented development software — C++; Microsoft Visual C# .NET; Practical extraction and reporting language Perl; R * (see all 5 examples)
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Operating system software — Linux; UNIX
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 31 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
96   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
83   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
73   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
69   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
68   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
56   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
54   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
49   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
41   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
40   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
38   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
31   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
30   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
29   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
27   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
27   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
25   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
24   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
24   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
23   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
20   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
20   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
18   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
17   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
16   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
15   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
15   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
13   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
12   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
81   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
75   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
75   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
69   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
66   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
66   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
63   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
63   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
63   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
63   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
60   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
56   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
56   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
56   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
53   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
44   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
44   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
41   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
35   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
31   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
28   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
13   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
88   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
85   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
81   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
81   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
72   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
66   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
66   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
63   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
63   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
63   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
63   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
63   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
60   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
60   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
41   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
41   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
41   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
38   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
38   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
35   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
28   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
28   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
22   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
22   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
19   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
19   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
16   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
93   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze biological samples.
  • Interpret research or operational data.
92   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Research diseases or parasites.
  • Research genetic characteristics or expression.
90   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Attend conferences or workshops to maintain professional knowledge.
  • Review professional literature to maintain professional knowledge.
88   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
87   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
87   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
86   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare proposal documents or grant applications.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Record research or operational data.
83   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
81   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop software or applications for scientific or technical use.
  • Develop technical or scientific databases.
  • Plan biological research.
  • Plan natural resources conservation or restoration programs.
80   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
79   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate on research activities with scientists or technical specialists.
  • Collaborate with technical specialists to resolve design or development problems.
76   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Establish standards for medical care.
76   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
  • Train personnel in technical or scientific procedures.
72   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
66   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
63   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
63   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
63   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel.
62   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
58   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
56   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
56   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
56   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
55   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
54   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
54   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
53   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
45   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
45   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
43   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect equipment to ensure proper functioning.
38   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
38   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
37   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
36   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
29   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
26   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
24   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
21   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
17   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
11   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
10   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
97   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
97   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
97   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
92   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
85   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
84   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
84   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
81   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
78   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
74   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
71   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
65   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
65   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
65   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
63   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
63   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
56   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
55   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
55   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
54   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
54   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
52   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
51   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
50   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
47   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
47   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
43   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
40   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
40   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
33   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
30   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
30   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
29   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
28   Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
25   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
23   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
22   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
20   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
12   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
11   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
11   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
11   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
11   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
10   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
  Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
  Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
  Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
50   Post-doctoral training
28   Doctoral degree
  Bachelor's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Animal Genetics; Human/Medical Genetics; Plant Genetics

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
56   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
56   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
33   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
96   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
93   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
92   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
88   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
86   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
83   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
81   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
75   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
74   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
74   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
72   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
70   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
66   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
65   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
54   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
44   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
45   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

19-1011.00 Animal Scientists
19-1020.01 Biologists
19-1021.00 Biochemists and Biophysicists
19-1022.00 Microbiologists
19-1029.02 Molecular and Cellular Biologists   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
19-1041.00 Epidemiologists
19-1042.00 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
25-1042.00 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary
25-1052.00 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary
29-1069.07 Pathologists Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.
Employment data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.
Industry data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.

Median wages (2013) $34.96 hourly, $72,720 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 34,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 9,800
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (56% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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