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Details Report for:
33-2011.01 - Municipal Firefighters

Control and extinguish municipal fires, protect life and property and conduct rescue efforts.

Sample of reported job titles: Firefighter, Firefighter/Paramedic, Firefighter/EMT (Firefighter/Emergency Medical Technician), Fire Fighter, Fire Engineer, Fire Captain, Fire Fighter/EMT, Fireman, Fire Chief

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
93   Core Rescue victims from burning buildings and accident sites.
93   Core Search burning buildings to locate fire victims.
92   Core Administer first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation to injured persons.
90   Core Dress with equipment such as fire-resistant clothing and breathing apparatus.
89   Core Drive and operate fire fighting vehicles and equipment.
88   Core Move toward the source of a fire, using knowledge of types of fires, construction design, building materials, and physical layout of properties.
88   Core Respond to fire alarms and other calls for assistance, such as automobile and industrial accidents.
87   Core Assess fires and situations and report conditions to superiors to receive instructions, using two-way radios.
86   Core Position and climb ladders to gain access to upper levels of buildings, or to rescue individuals from burning structures.
86   Core Create openings in buildings for ventilation or entrance, using axes, chisels, crowbars, electric saws, or core cutters.
86   Core Lay hose lines and connect them to water supplies.
86   Core Operate pumps connected to high-pressure hoses.
85   Core Collaborate with police to respond to accidents, disasters, and arson investigation calls.
84   Core Take action to contain hazardous chemicals that might catch fire, leak, or spill.
83   Core Select and attach hose nozzles, depending on fire type, and direct streams of water or chemicals onto fires.
82   Core Participate in fire drills and demonstrations of fire fighting techniques.
82   Core Prepare written reports that detail specifics of fire incidents.
81   Core Participate in physical training activities to maintain a high level of physical fitness.
80   Core Participate in courses, seminars and conferences, and study fire science literature, to learn firefighting techniques.
79   Core Inspect fire sites after flames have been extinguished to ensure that there is no further danger.
79   Core Clean and maintain fire stations and fire fighting equipment and apparatus.
79   Core Inspect buildings for fire hazards and compliance with fire prevention ordinances, testing and checking smoke alarms and fire suppression equipment as necessary.
77   Core Inform and educate the public on fire prevention.
76   Core Protect property from water and smoke, using waterproof salvage covers, smoke ejectors, and deodorants.
76   Core Establish firelines to prevent unauthorized persons from entering areas near fires.
76   Core Salvage property by removing broken glass, pumping out water, and ventilating buildings to remove smoke.
68   Supplemental Spray foam onto runways, extinguish fires, and rescue aircraft crew and passengers in air-crash emergencies.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment; Pulleys; Riggings
Fire extinguishers — Carbon dioxide CO2 fire extinguishers; Dry chemical fire extinguishers; Multipurpose fire extinguishers
Fire hoses or nozzles — Charged fire hoses; Fire hose nozzles; Uncharged fire hoses
Fire or rescue trucks — Aerial trucks; Bomb response vehicles; Fire trucks; Pumper trucks (see all 6 examples)
Fire suppression hand tools — Fire axes; McLeod tools; Pick head axes; Pulaski tools (see all 8 examples)
Hammers — Claw hammers; Non-sparking hammers; Sledgehammers
Ladders — Aluminum ladders; Extension ladders; Wood ladders
Power saws — Chain saws; Circular saws; K-12 saws
Pry bars — Halligan bars; Hux bars; Pinch bars
Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
Specialty wrenches — Hydrant shutoff wrenches; Lug wrenches; Non-sparking bung wrenches

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Plume modeling software
Data base user interface and query software — Affiliated Computer Services ACS FIREHOUSE; Fire incident reporting systems; Microsoft Access
Electronic mail software — Email software
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Map creation software — Geographic information system GIS software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Project management software — Incident command system ICS software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Corel WordPerfect software; Microsoft Word

See all 127 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
81   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
72   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
70   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
68   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
65   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
63   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
55   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
53   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
53   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
50   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
49   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
49   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
47   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
47   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
46   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
45   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
40   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
39   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
37   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
36   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
35   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
33   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
30   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
30   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
24   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
17   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
17   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
16   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
15   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
13   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
66   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
66   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
66   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
66   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
63   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
63   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
60   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
60   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
60   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
56   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
56   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
53   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
50   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
50   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
47   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
44   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
44   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
44   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
41   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
41   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
38   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
38   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
35   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
22   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
16   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
69   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
69   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
69   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
69   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
66   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
66   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
66   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
66   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
63   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
63   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
63   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
60   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
60   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
60   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
60   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
60   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
60   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
60   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
60   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
60   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
56   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
56   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
56   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
56   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
53   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
53   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
53   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
50   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
41   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
41   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
38   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
28   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
16   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
88   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Administer first aid.
  • Rescue people from hazardous situations.
  • Respond to emergencies to provide assistance.
88   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
85   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect equipment to ensure safety or proper functioning.
  • Inspect facilities to ensure compliance with fire regulations.
84   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Prepare hoses or water supplies to fight fires.
84   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Block physical access to restricted areas.
  • Operate firefighting equipment.
  • Participate in physical training to maintain fitness.
  • Protect property from fire or water damage.
81   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Examine debris to obtain information about causes of fires.
79   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with law enforcement or security agencies to respond to incidents.
  • Relay information about incidents or emergencies to personnel using phones or two-way radios.
78   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Assess characteristics of fires.
  • Locate fires or fire danger areas.
76   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
75   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
75   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
74   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
74   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
73   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Attend training to learn new skills or update knowledge.
71   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare investigation or incident reports.
71   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain fire fighting tools or equipment.
69   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
69   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Educate the public about fire safety or prevention.
65   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
64   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
63   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
62   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
61   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
58   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
58   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
58   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
58   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
56   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
54   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
53   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
52   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
52   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
51   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
49   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
49   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
47   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
46   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
41   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
39   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
38   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
36   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


67     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


57     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


49     Very close (near touching)
30     Moderately close (at arm's length)
21     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


49     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


48     Every day
28     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


54     Constant contact with others
24     Contact with others most of the time
12     Contact with others about half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


46     Extremely important
31     Very important
16     Important
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


44     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


46     Extremely important
29     Very important
18     Important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


48     Very high responsibility
16     High responsibility
32     Moderate responsibility
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


60     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


40     A lot of freedom
27     Some freedom
25     Limited freedom
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


45     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


35     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


29     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


33     Very important results
27     Important results
26     Moderate results
14     Minor results
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


33     A lot of freedom
32     Some freedom
20     Limited freedom
14     Very little freedom
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


27     Every day
34     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


43     Extremely serious
24     Very serious
14     Serious
16     Not serious at all
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


37     Extremely important
19     Very important
33     Important
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


23     Every day
37     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


27     Extremely important
40     Very important
18     Important
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


37     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


46     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


36     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


57     More than 40 hours
12     40 hours
31     Less than 40 hours
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


26     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


37     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Never
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


22     Very high responsibility
25     High responsibility
29     Moderate responsibility
24     Limited responsibility
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


17     Extremely competitive
34     Highly competitive
26     Moderately competitive
14     Slightly competitive
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


24     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


27     Continually or almost continually
20     About half the time
44     Less than half the time
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


17     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


17     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


26     Every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


25     Once a week or more but not every day
47     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


33     More than half the time
30     About half the time
31     Less than half the time
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


13     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Once a year or more but not every month
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


18     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


11     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
31     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


16     Extremely important
13     Very important
30     Important
17     Fairly important
24     Not important at all
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


11     Every day
28     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a year or more but not every month
25     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


11     Continually or almost continually
24     About half the time
55     Less than half the time
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


34     About half the time
43     Less than half the time
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


29     About half the time
53     Less than half the time
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


43     About half the time
47     Less than half the time
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


38     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


16     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
48     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


27     About half the time
46     Less than half the time
19     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a year or more but not every month
49     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


68     Less than half the time
17     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
41     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


82     Less than half the time
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


38     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
54     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


16     Very important
21     Fairly important
54     Not important at all
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


17     Moderately automated
28     Slightly automated
49     Not at all automated
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
31   Post-secondary certificate Help
31   Some college, no degree
26   High school diploma or equivalent Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
72   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
45   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
22   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
  Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
90   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
87   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
85   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
84   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
84   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
84   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
83   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
80   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
79   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
77   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
76   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
74   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
72   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
67   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
66   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
62   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
72   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
67   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
61   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
56   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

29-2041.00 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
33-1021.01 Municipal Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors
33-1021.02 Forest Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors
33-2011.02 Forest Firefighters Bright Outlook
47-1011.00 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers Bright Outlook
49-9051.00 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers   Green Occupation Green
49-9092.00 Commercial Divers Bright Outlook
51-8031.00 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators
53-5021.01 Ship and Boat Captains
53-5031.00 Ship Engineers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Firefighters.
Employment data collected from Firefighters.
Industry data collected from Firefighters.

Median wages (2013) $21.92 hourly, $45,600 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 307,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 104,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (95% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Firefighters external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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