Summary Report for:
29-2042.00 - Emergency Medical Technicians
Assess injuries and illnesses and administer basic emergency medical care. May transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.
Sample of reported job titles: Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), First Responder
This title represents an occupation for which data collection is currently underway.
- Administer first aid treatment or life support care to sick or injured persons in prehospital settings.
- Assess nature and extent of illness or injury to establish and prioritize medical procedures.
- Attend training classes to maintain certification licensure, keep abreast of new developments in the field, or maintain existing knowledge.
- Comfort and reassure patients.
- Communicate with dispatchers or treatment center personnel to provide information about situation, to arrange reception of victims, or to receive instructions for further treatment.
- Coordinate work with other emergency medical team members or police or fire department personnel.
- Decontaminate ambulance interior following treatment of patient with infectious disease and report case to proper authorities.
- Drive mobile intensive care unit to specified location, following instructions from emergency medical dispatcher.
- Immobilize patient for placement on stretcher and ambulance transport, using backboard or other spinal immobilization device.
- Maintain vehicles and medical and communication equipment and replenish first aid equipment and supplies.
- Observe, record, and report to physician the patient's condition or injury, the treatment provided, and reactions to drugs or treatment.
- Perform emergency diagnostic and treatment procedures, such as stomach suction, airway management, or heart monitoring, during ambulance ride.
- Information retrieval or search software — Epocrates; HyperTox; Skyscape Rosen and Barkin's 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult; TechOnSoftware HazMatCE Pro (see all 14 examples)
- Medical software — MedDataSolutions Regist*r; MEDITECH software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft operating system
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Analgesic infusion sets or kits — Infusion sets
- Artificial airway holders — Endotracheal ET tube holddown devices
- Blood collection needles — Venoject needles
- Blood pressure recording units — Blood pressure recorders
- Bullet proof vests — Bulletproof vests
- Cardiac output CO monitoring units — Portable cardiac monitors
- Cardiac pacemaker generators or cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemakers CRT-P — External pacers
- Chest tube kits — Pleural decompression kits
- Desktop computers
- Electrocardiography EKG transmitters or telemetry devices — Telemetry units
- Electrocardiography EKG units
- Endotracheal tubes — Endotracheal ET tubes
- Esophageal tubes — Esophageal tracheal airway devices
- Extremity restraints — Limb restraints
- Finger ring removers or cutters — Ring cutters
- Flow sensors or regulators or components — Wall-mounted oxygen regulators
- Glass cutters — Center punches/glass hammers
- Glucose monitors or meters — Glucometers
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hypodermic injection apparatus — Epi-pens; Preload syringes
- Hypodermic needle — Needles
- Intravenous catheters — Intravenous IV cannulas
- Intravenous infusion pumps for general use — Intravenous IV pressure infusers; Intravenous IV pumps
- Intravenous or arterial arm boards — Long arm boards; Short arm boards
- Intravenous or arterial tubing adapter or connector — Saline locks
- Intubation forceps — Adult Magill forceps
- Intubation gauges or guides — Esophageal intubation detection devices
- Intubation laryngoscopes — Curved adult blades; Laryngoscopes; Straight adult blades; Straight pediatric blades (see all 5 examples)
- Intubation stylets — Adult stylets
- Irrigation or suction handpieces or cannulas or tips or catheters — Medical suction catheters
- Medical acoustic stethoscopes — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Medical aspiration or irrigation syringes — Bulb syringes
- Medical gas cylinders or related devices — Fixed-oxygen equipment; Portable oxygen equipment
- Medical nasal cannulas — Oxygen nasal cannulae
- Medical or surgical suction tubings — Suction tubing
- Medical oxygen masks or parts — Adult non-rebreather oxygen masks; Child oxygen masks; Infant oxygen masks
- Medical syringes without needle — Syringes
- Mobile medical service anti shock garments — Medical anti-shock trousers MAST; Pneumatic anti-shock garments PASG
- Mobile medical service intravenous IV kits — Intraosseous kits
- Mobile medical services automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Semiautomated or automatic external defibrillators AED
- Mobile medical services cervical or extrication collars — Emergency medical services cervical collars
- Mobile medical services head immobilizers — Head immobilization devices
- Mobile medical services litter — Multi-level wheeled cots; Stair chairs; Stretchers
- Mobile medical services non-suction antichoke devices — Cricothyrotomy kits
- Mobile medical services obstetrics kits — Obstetrical OB kits
- Mobile medical services spine boards — Extrication devices; Full-spine immobilization devices; Half-spine immobilization devices; Spinal immobilization equipment
- Mobile medical services suction antichoke devices — Airway suction units; Battery-powered portable suction units; Fixed-suction equipment
- Mobile medical services tourniquet or clamp — Tourniquets
- Mobile medical services triage tags — Triage tags
- Mobile resuscitator or aspirator kits — Pocket masks with one-way valves; Resuscitation devices
- Multiparameter vital sign units — Monitors
- Nasopharyngeal tubes or airways — Nasopharyngeal airways
- Needleless intravenous injection syringe sets or injection cannulas — Interlink syringe cannulas
- Needleless vial or bag withdrawal cannulas or adapters or decanters — Vial access cannulas
- Non vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Blood tubes
- Notebook computers
- Orthopedic splint systems — Cardboard splints; Rigid splints; Splints
- Oxygen insufflators — Transtracheal jet insufflators
- Patient carbon dioxide detectors — Patient CO2 monitors
- Patient stabilization or fall prevention devices — Patient restraints
- Peripherally inserted central catheters PICC — Catheters
- Pharyngeal airways or airways kits — Oropharyngeal airways
- Pry bars
- Pulse oximeter units — Oximeters
- Respiratory aspirator products — Meconium aspirators
- Restraint vests and jackets — Straitjacket
- Resuscitation masks — Bag valve mask BVM resuscitators; Valve mask resuscitators
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines — Scalpels
- Torso and belt restraints — Restraint belts
- Traction splint sets — Lower extremity traction devices with ankle hitches; Traction splints
- Two way radios
- Wheel chocks — Chock blocks
- Winged infusion needle set — Scalp vein needles
Detailed Work Activities
- Inform medical professionals regarding patient conditions and care.
- Treat medical emergencies.
- Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
- Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
- Drive vehicles to transport individuals or equipment.
- Interact with patients to build rapport or provide emotional support.
- Maintain inventory of medical supplies or equipment.
- Maintain medical equipment or instruments.
- Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
- Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
- Position patients for treatment or examination.
- Record patient medical histories.
- Sterilize medical equipment or instruments.
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wage data for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.
Employment data for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.
Industry data for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.
|Median wages (2020)||$17.62 hourly, $36,650 annual|
|Employment (2020)||261,300 employees|
|Projected growth (2020-2030)||Faster than average (10% to 15%)|
|Projected job openings (2020-2030)||20,700|
|Top industries (2020)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2020-2030 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- American Academy of Emergency Medicine
- American Heart Association
- Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs
- National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians
- National Fire Protection Association
- National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: EMTs and paramedics