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Details Report for:
53-2021.00 - Air Traffic Controllers

Control air traffic on and within vicinity of airport and movement of air traffic between altitude sectors and control centers according to established procedures and policies. Authorize, regulate, and control commercial airline flights according to government or company regulations to expedite and ensure flight safety.

Sample of reported job titles: Air Traffic Control Specialist (ATCS); Air Traffic Control Specialist, Terminal; Air Traffic Control Specialist/Certified Professional Controller (ATC Specialist/CPC); Air Traffic Controller (ATC); Air Traffic Controller (Enroute Option); Air Traffic Controller (Tower Option); Air Traffic Controller, Center; Certified Professional Controller (CPC); Control Tower Operator; Radar Air Traffic Controller

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
96   Core Issue landing and take-off authorizations or instructions.
96   Core Monitor or direct the movement of aircraft within an assigned air space or on the ground at airports to minimize delays and maximize safety.
96   Core Monitor aircraft within a specific airspace, using radar, computer equipment, or visual references.
95   Core Inform pilots about nearby planes or potentially hazardous conditions, such as weather, speed and direction of wind, or visibility problems.
95   Core Provide flight path changes or directions to emergency landing fields for pilots traveling in bad weather or in emergency situations.
94   Core Alert airport emergency services in cases of emergency or when aircraft are experiencing difficulties.
94   Core Direct pilots to runways when space is available or direct them to maintain a traffic pattern until there is space for them to land.
92   Core Transfer control of departing flights to traffic control centers and accept control of arriving flights.
91   Core Direct ground traffic, including taxiing aircraft, maintenance or baggage vehicles, or airport workers.
90   Core Determine the timing or procedures for flight vector changes.
87   Core Maintain radio or telephone contact with adjacent control towers, terminal control units, or other area control centers to coordinate aircraft movement.
85   Core Contact pilots by radio to provide meteorological, navigational, or other information.
82   Core Initiate or coordinate searches for missing aircraft.
81   Core Check conditions and traffic at different altitudes in response to pilots' requests for altitude changes.
77   Core Relay air traffic information, such as courses, altitudes, or expected arrival times, to control centers.
74   Core Compile information about flights from flight plans, pilot reports, radar, or observations.
67   Core Inspect, adjust, or control radio equipment or airport lights.
76   Supplemental Conduct pre-flight briefings on weather conditions, suggested routes, altitudes, indications of turbulence, or other flight safety information.
75   Supplemental Analyze factors such as weather reports, fuel requirements, or maps to determine air routes.
72   Supplemental Organize flight plans or traffic management plans to prepare for planes about to enter assigned airspace.
60   Supplemental Review records or reports for clarity and completeness and maintain records or reports as required under federal law.
51   Supplemental Complete daily activity reports and keep records of messages from aircraft.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Aircraft communication systems — Controller pilot datalink communication CPDC systems; High frequency HF radio communications systems; Ultra high frequency UHF radio communication systems; Very high frequency VHF radio communication systems
Aircraft flight simulators or trainers — Flight simulators
Aircraft guidance systems — Automatic direction finder ADF radio systems; Distance measuring equipment DME; Standard terminal automation replacement systems STARS; Wide area augmentation systems WAAS (see all 11 examples)
Aircraft navigation beacons — Nondirectional radio beacon markers
Binoculars
Desktop computers
Mainframe computers
Personal computers
Radarbased surveillance systems — Air route surveillance radar ARSR systems; Airport surface detection equipment ASDE systems; Mode S radar systems; Precision runway monitor PRM (see all 6 examples)
Two way radios — Frequency modulation FM two way radios

Technology used in this occupation:

Expert system software — Advanced technologies and oceanic procedures ATOP; Automated radar terminal systems ARTS; Center TRACON automation systems CTAS
Flight control software — Direct-To Tool software; En route descent advisor EDA; Multi-center traffic management advisor McTMA software; Traffic management advisor TMA software (see all 7 examples)

See all T2 categories and examples

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
88   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
64   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
61   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
60   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
59   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
57   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
57   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
51   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
51   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
43   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
41   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
40   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
38   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
36   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
32   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
26   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
24   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
22   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
15   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
12   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
10   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
88   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
85   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
81   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
81   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
81   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
78   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
69   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
66   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
63   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
63   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
63   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
56   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
56   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
53   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
50   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
44   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
44   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
38   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
31   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
31   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
19   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
16   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
91   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
91   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
91   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
88   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
85   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
85   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
85   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
81   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
81   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
78   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
78   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
75   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
75   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
75   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
72   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
66   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
66   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
66   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
66   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
63   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
60   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
56   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
56   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
53   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
53   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
53   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
50   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
47   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
47   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
28   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
13   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
13   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
13   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
10   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
10   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
10   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
10   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
  Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
99   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Choose optimal transportation routes or speeds.
98   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
90   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
78   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate with others to coordinate vehicle movement.
  • Meet with coworkers to communicate work orders or plans.
  • Notify others of emergencies, problems, or hazards.
77   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor surroundings to detect potential hazards.
  • Monitor vehicle movement or location.
76   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
75   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Adjust routes or speeds as necessary.
  • Plan flight operations.
75   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
74   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
73   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
70   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Review documents or materials for compliance with policies or regulations.
70   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
65   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
64   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
60   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
57   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record operational details of travel.
56   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
46   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
45   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
44   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
41   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
39   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
38   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
34   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
31   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
28   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
27   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Coordinate flight control or management activities.
  • Direct emergency management activities.
27   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
25   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate communications equipment or systems.
25   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
19   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Direct vehicle traffic.
19   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
18   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Respond to transportation emergencies.
17   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
14   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
13   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
12   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
12   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
  Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
100   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
99   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
98   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
97   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
95   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
93   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
89   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
87   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
86   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
84   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
84   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
83   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
83   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
82   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
82   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
80   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
77   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
77   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
74   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
66   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
66   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
66   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
63   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
55   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
55   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
53   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
50   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
48   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
36   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
36   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
32   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
30   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
20   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
19   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
14   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
13   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
13   Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
13   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
11   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
10   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
  Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
  Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
  Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
  Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
  Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
  In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
 Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
 Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
42   High school diploma or equivalent Help
16   Some college, no degree
14   Associate's degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
83   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
45   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
22   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
22   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
96   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
94   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
90   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
84   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
83   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
82   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
81   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
79   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
78   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
77   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
74   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
67   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
66   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
65   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
62   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
53   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
72   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
67   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
39   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-1031.02 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators
15-1151.00 Computer User Support Specialists   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
17-3031.02 Mapping Technicians
27-3011.00 Radio and Television Announcers
27-4013.00 Radio Operators
43-4131.00 Loan Interviewers and Clerks
43-5031.00 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers
43-9011.00 Computer Operators
51-8012.00 Power Distributors and Dispatchers   Green Occupation Green
53-2022.00 Airfield Operations Specialists

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $58.31 hourly, $121,280 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 25,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 11,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (95% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Air Traffic Controllers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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