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Summary Report for:
15-1143.00 - Computer Network Architects

Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software.

The occupation code you requested, 15-1099.03 (Network Designers), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 15-1143.00 (Computer Network Architects) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Network Analyst, Network Consultant, Network Engineer, Network Manager, Networking Systems and Distributed Systems Engineer, System Programmer, Systems Analyst, Systems Engineer, Telecommunications Analyst, Telecommunications Engineer

Also see: Telecommunications Engineering Specialists

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Adjust network sizes to meet volume or capacity demands. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with customers, sales staff, or marketing staff to determine customer needs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with system users to ensure accounts are set up properly or to diagnose and solve operational problems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate installation of new equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate network operations, maintenance, repairs, or upgrades. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate network or design activities with designers of associated networks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design, build, or operate equipment configuration prototypes, including network hardware, software, servers, or server operation systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design, organize, and deliver product awareness, skills transfer, or product education sessions for staff or suppliers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine specific network hardware or software requirements, such as platforms, interfaces, bandwidths, or routine schemas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop and implement solutions for network problems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop and write procedures for installation, use, or troubleshooting of communications hardware or software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop conceptual, logical, or physical network designs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop disaster recovery plans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop network-related documentation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or maintain project reporting systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or recommend network security measures, such as firewalls, network security audits, or automated security probes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop plans or budgets for network equipment replacement. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop procedures to track, project, or report network availability, reliability, capacity, or utilization. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate time and materials needed to complete projects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate network designs to determine whether customer requirements are met efficiently and effectively. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Explain design specifications to integration or test engineers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain networks by performing activities such as file addition, deletion, or backup. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain or coordinate the maintenance of network peripherals, such as printers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor and analyze network performance and data input/output reports to detect problems, identify inefficient use of computer resources, or perform capacity planning. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in network technology upgrade or expansion projects, including installation of hardware and software and integration testing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare design presentations and proposals for staff or customers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare detailed network specifications, including diagrams, charts, equipment configurations, or recommended technologies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare or monitor project schedules, budgets, or cost control systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research and test new or modified hardware or software products to determine performance and interoperability. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supervise engineers or other staff in the design or implementation of network solutions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Use network computer-aided design (CAD) software packages to optimize network designs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Visit vendors, attend conferences or training sessions, or study technical journals to keep up with changes in technology. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with vendors to gather information about products, alert them to future needs, resolve problems, or address system maintenance issues. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Access servers — Lightweight directory access protocol LDAP servers; Remote access servers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Broadband aggregators — Broadband aggregation equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Computer servers — Domain name servers DNS; File servers; Mail transport servers; Network-attached storage NAS equipment (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital telephones — Voice over internet protocol VoIP systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital testers — Bit error rate testers BERT See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Firewall network security equipment — Firewall equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Frequency analyzers — Spectrum analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hard disk arrays — Redundant array of independent disks RAID systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High end computer servers — Workstations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Integrated services digital network ISDN testers — Integrated services digital network ISDN analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Interferometers — Optical spectrum analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multimeters — Network multimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network analyzers — Asynchronous transfer mode ATM analyzers; Local area network LAN analyzers; Network connectivity testers; Wide area network WAN analyzers (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network cable management panel assembly — Network cabling systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network channel or data service units — Channel banks; Network channel service units CSU or data service units DSU See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network management or monitoring device — Packet analysis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network routers — Computer network routers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network service concentrators or hubs — Intelligent hubs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network switches — Computer network switches; Local area network LAN switches; Voice switches; Wide area network WAN switches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Network traffic controller — Wireless network controllers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power meters — Fiber optic power meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protocol analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radio frequency data communication equipment — Radio frequency RF antennas See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reflectometers — Time domain reflectometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Server load balancer — Load balancers; Network server load balancers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Storage area network SAN switch — Storage area network SAN switches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Voice data video cable tester — Communication cable testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • WLAN wireless access network equipment and components — Wireless access points WAP; Wireless local area network WLAN controllers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Access software — Access management software; Remote access software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Administration software — Element management software; Netreo OmniCenter; Riverbed Technology software; SolarWinds software (see all 13 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Discrete event simulation software; Root cause analysis software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Application server software — Apache HTTT Server; Citrix XenApp; Microsoft Windows Server; Solaris Containers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Authentication server software — Microsoft Forefront Identify Manager See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Backup or archival software — Backup and archival software; Computer Associates ArcServ Backup; System and data disaster recovery software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Bridge software — Network bridge software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Charting software — Microsoft Office Visio See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Communications server software — Email management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer based training software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Configuration management software — Automated installation software; Logical partition LPAR software; Patch and update management software; VMWare software (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — MySQL software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base reporting software — Network reporting software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Oracle software; Structured query language SQL See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop communications software — BroadSoft BroadWorks See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — C; Microsoft Visual Basic; Oracle Java EE; Systems and applications migration software (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Exchange Server See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML; IBM WebSphere; IBM WebSphere MQ See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Helpdesk or call center software — Help desk software; Ticket information tracking software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet directory services software — Domain name system DNS software; Microsoft Active Directory See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet protocol IP multimedia subsystem software — Multiprotocol Label Switching MPLS; Open Shortest Path First OSPF; Session Initiation Protocol SIP; Voice over internet protocol VoiP system software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • LAN software — Local area network LAN software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network monitoring software — Ethereal; Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold; Packet analysis software; Symantec Intruder Alert (see all 17 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network operating system enhancement software — Cisco Systems CiscoWorks LAN Management Solution; Network, server and operating system optimization software; Silver Peak software; Wide area network WAN optimization software (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network operation system software — Novell network software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Computer intrusion detection systems; Content filter software; Firewall software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — Intrusion prevention system IPS software; Network and system vulnerability assessment software; Virtual private network VPN software; Websense Data Loss Prevention (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; Oracle Java *; Practical extraction and reporting language Perl; Python See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Linux; Microsoft operating system software; Simple mail transfer protocol SMTP; UNIX (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Optical network management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Pattern design software — Diagramming software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Program testing software — Mercury Interactive LoadRunner; Mercury Interactive WinRunner; Segue SilkPerformer; System testing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Microsoft Project See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Requirements analysis and system architecture software — Capacity planning software; Network architecture design software; Requirements management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Storage networking software — Network storage software; Storage area network SAN software; Storage management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Switch or router software — Border Gateway Protocol BGP; Cisco Systems Cisco Web Cache Communication Protocol WCCP; Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links TRILL; Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol VRRP (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Time accounting software — Time reporting software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Transaction security and virus protection software — CA eTrust; Encryption software; Penetration testing software; Ping Identity software (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video conferencing software — Videoconferencing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • WAN switching software and firmware — Wide area network WAN software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Manage financial activities of the organization. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop testing routines or procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain computer networks to enhance performance and user access. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze data to identify or resolve operational problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Modify software programs to improve performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate project activities with other personnel or departments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate project information to others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop computer or information security policies or procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Update knowledge about emerging industry or technology trends. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install computer hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolve computer network problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop information communication procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise information technology personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install computer software. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain computer hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research to gain information about products or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Recommend changes to improve computer or information systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document network-related activities or tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage documentation to ensure organization or accuracy. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Configure computer networks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor the performance of computer networks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate software or hardware installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate project designs to determine adequacy or feasibility. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide technical support for computer network issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain contingency plans for disaster recovery. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design integrated computer systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Teach others to use computer equipment or hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop models of information or communications systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop specifications for computer network operation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate time or monetary resources needed to complete projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test computer hardware performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage budgets for appropriate resource allocation. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people? See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Computer Science — Computer and Information Sciences, General; Computer and Information Systems Security; Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst; Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ICE

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $47.32 hourly, $98,430 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 143,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 43,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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