Information Security Engineers

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Develop and oversee the implementation of information security procedures and policies. Build, maintain and upgrade security technology, such as firewalls, for the safe use of computer networks and the transmission and retrieval of information. Design and implement appropriate security controls to identify vulnerabilities and protect digital files and electronic infrastructures. Monitor and respond to computer security breaches, viruses, and intrusions, and perform forensic investigation. May oversee the assessment of information security systems.

Occupation-Specific Information


  • Assess the quality of security controls, using performance indicators.
  • Conduct investigations of information security breaches to identify vulnerabilities and evaluate the damage.
  • Coordinate documentation of computer security or emergency measure policies, procedures, or tests.
  • Coordinate monitoring of networks or systems for security breaches or intrusions.
  • Coordinate vulnerability assessments or analysis of information security systems.
  • Develop information security standards and best practices.
  • Develop or implement software tools to assist in the detection, prevention, and analysis of security threats.
  • Develop or install software, such as firewalls and data encryption programs, to protect sensitive information.
  • Develop response and recovery strategies for security breaches.
  • Identify or implement solutions to information security problems.
  • Identify security system weaknesses, using penetration tests.
  • Oversee development of plans to safeguard computer files against accidental or unauthorized modification, destruction, or disclosure or to meet emergency data processing needs.
  • Oversee performance of risk assessment or execution of system tests to ensure the functioning of data processing activities or security measures.
  • Provide technical support to computer users for installation and use of security products.
  • Recommend information security enhancements to management.
  • Review security assessments for computing environments or check for compliance with cybersecurity standards and regulations.
  • Scan networks, using vulnerability assessment tools to identify vulnerabilities.
  • Train staff on, and oversee the use of, information security standards, policies, and best practices.
  • Troubleshoot security and network problems.
  • Write reports regarding investigations of information security breaches or network evaluations.

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Technology Skills

  • Access software — IBM Tivoli software
  • Application server software — Docker; GitHub; Kubernetes In-Demand Hot technology ; RESTful API
  • Authentication server software — Single sign-on SSO In Demand
  • Cloud-based data access and sharing software — Platform as a service PaaS
  • Cloud-based management software — Amazon Web Services AWS CloudFormation; Google Cloud software
  • Configuration management software — Chef; IBM Terraform; Puppet
  • Content workflow software — Atlassian JIRA In-Demand Hot technology
  • Data base management system software — Elasticsearch; MongoDB; NoSQL
  • Data base reporting software — Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services SSRS; Reporting software
  • Data base user interface and query software — Amazon Web Services AWS software In-Demand Hot technology ; Microsoft Access; ServiceNow; Structured query language SQL In-Demand Hot technology ; 2 more
  • Development environment software — C; Microsoft Azure software In-Demand Hot technology ; Microsoft PowerShell In-Demand Hot technology ; Web application software; 3 more
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
  • Enterprise application integration software — Enterprise application integration EAI software; Jenkins CI; Microsoft SQL Server Integration Services SSIS
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Management information systems MIS
  • Enterprise system management software — Splunk Enterprise In-Demand Hot technology ; Tanium software
  • Expert system software — Ansible software In-Demand Hot technology
  • File versioning software — Git
  • Geographic information system — Geographic information system GIS systems
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Microsoft Visio
  • Internet directory services software — Active directory software; Microsoft Active Directory In-Demand Hot technology ; Network directory services software In Demand ; Oracle Unified Directory
  • Network monitoring software — IBM QRadar SIEM In Demand ; Microsoft Azure Sentinel; Snort; Wireshark In Demand ; 1 more
  • Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Firewall software In Demand
  • Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — IBM Resource Access Control Facility RACF; Intrusion detection system IDS
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++; Oracle Java In-Demand Hot technology ; Perl In-Demand Hot technology ; Python In-Demand Hot technology ; 2 more
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
  • Operating system software — Bash In-Demand Hot technology ; Linux In-Demand Hot technology ; Microsoft Windows; UNIX In-Demand Hot technology ; 6 more
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Project management software — Atlassian Confluence; Microsoft SharePoint In-Demand Hot technology ; Microsoft Teams
  • Risk management data and analysis software — ArcSight Enterprise Threat and Risk Management; McAfee Enterprise Security Manager
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
  • Switch or router software — Border Gateway Protocol BGP
  • Transaction security and virus protection software — Microsoft Defender Antivirus; Microsoft Security Esssentials; Tenable Nessus In Demand
  • Transaction server software — IBM Middleware
  • Web platform development software — JavaScript; PHP; React; Security assertion markup language SAML In Demand ; 1 more
  • Word processing software — Collaborative editing software
Hot technology
Hot Technologies are requirements most frequently included across all employer job postings.
In demand
In Demand skills are frequently included in employer job postings for this occupation.

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Occupational Requirements

Detailed Work Activities

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Experience Requirements

Job Zone

Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience
A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training
Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples
Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include real estate brokers, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, conservation scientists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range
(7.0 to < 8.0)

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Training & Credentials

State training
Local training
Have a career path or location in mind? Visit external site to find apprenticeship opportunities near you.

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Workforce Characteristics

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wage data for Computer Occupations, All Other.
Employment data for Computer Occupations, All Other.
Industry data for Computer Occupations, All Other.
Median wages (2022)
$47.47 hourly, $98,740 annual
State wages
Local wages
Employment (2021)
408,200 employees
Projected growth (2021-2031)
Faster than average (8% to 10%)
Projected job openings (2021-2031)
State trends
Top industries (2021)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2022 wage data external site and 2021-2031 employment projections external site. “Projected growth” represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2021-2031). “Projected job openings” represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

State job openings
Local job openings

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More Information

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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