Skip navigation

Summary Report for:
19-1013.00 - Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.

Sample of reported job titles: Agronomist, Agronomy Research Manager, Agronomy Specialist, Crop Nutrition Scientist, Extension Specialist, Microbiology Soil Scientist, On-Site Soil Evaluator, Research Soil Scientist, Soil Fertility Extension Specialist, Soil Scientist

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Communicate research or project results to other professionals or the public or teach related courses, seminars, or workshops. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct experiments to develop new or improved varieties of field crops, focusing on characteristics such as yield, quality, disease resistance, nutritional value, or adaptation to specific soils or climates. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop new or improved methods or products for controlling or eliminating weeds, crop diseases, or insect pests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide information or recommendations to farmers or other landowners regarding ways in which they can best use land, promote plant growth, or avoid or correct problems such as erosion. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop environmentally safe methods or products for controlling or eliminating weeds, crop diseases, or insect pests. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate soil problems or poor water quality to determine sources and effects. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct experiments investigating how soil forms, changes, or interacts with land-based ecosystems or living organisms. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct research to determine best methods of planting, spraying, cultivating, harvesting, storing, processing, or transporting horticultural products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate responses of soils to specific management practices to determine the effects of alternative practices on the environment. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop methods of conserving or managing soil that can be applied by farmers or forestry companies. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study ways to improve agricultural sustainability, such as the use of new methods of composting. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate responses of soils to specific management practices to determine the use capabilities of soils and the effects of alternative practices on soil productivity. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify degraded or contaminated soils and develop plans to improve their chemical, biological, or physical characteristics. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop ways of altering soils to suit different types of plants. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify or classify species of insects or allied forms, such as mites or spiders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide advice regarding the development of regulatory standards for land reclamation or soil conservation. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study insect distribution or habitat and recommend methods to prevent importation or spread of injurious species. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with engineers or other technical personnel working on construction projects about the effects of soil problems and possible solutions to these problems. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform chemical analyses of the microorganism content of soils to determine microbial reactions or chemical mineralogical relationships to plant growth. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct experiments regarding causes of bee diseases or factors affecting yields of nectar or pollen. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

back to top

Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Augers — Hand augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Autosamplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — High speed centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Circulating baths — Circulating water baths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Colorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conductivity meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drying cabinets or ovens — Laboratory drying ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electron microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluorescent microscopes — Epifluorescence microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel documentation systems — Gel electrophoresis systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Handheld thermometer — Soil thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydrometers — Soil analysis hydrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers — Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometers ICP-AES See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infra red or ultra violet absorption analyzers — Infrared gas analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared imagers — Infrared cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ion chromatographs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory balances — Precision balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory beakers — Glass beakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory box furnaces — Laboratory muffle furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory flasks — Erlenmeyer flasks; Glass flasks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory graduated cylinders — Graduated glass cylinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mills — Laboratory grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Laminar flow hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light absorption meters — Canopy analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mass spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplate readers — Microtiter plate readers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Moisture meters — Soil moisture neutron probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Multipurpose or general test tubes — Laboratory test tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orbital shaking water baths — Hot water shaking baths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Organic carbon analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Osmometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Particle size measuring apparatus — Laser particle sizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Permeability or porosity estimation apparatus — Porometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters — Digital pH meters; pH indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photometers — Flame photometers; Luminometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polarizing microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Dataloggers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precipitation or evaporation recorders — Lysimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Psychrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radarbased surveillance systems — Ground penetrating radar GPR; Light detection and ranging LIDAR systems; Synthetic aperture radar SAR See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rapid amplification or complementary deoxyribonucleic acid ends RACE technology products — Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reciprocating shaking water baths — Reciprocating shaker water baths See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Refrigerated and heated reach in environmental or growth chambers — Laboratory growth chambers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges — Refrigerated microfuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sample holders — Sample containers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Calibrated soil scoops; Soil augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil testing kits — Heat flux plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorimeters; X ray fluorescence XRF spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Gamma ray spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tensiometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Test sieves — Laboratory sieves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermocouples See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tissue culture incubators — Cell tissue culture incubators See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — European Soil Erosion Model EUROSEM; PC-Progress HYDRUS; Variogram Estimation and Spatial Prediction plus Error Vesper *; Water Erosion Prediction Project WEPP * (see all 16 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Categorization or classification software — GAEA Technologies WinSieve See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — National Resources Conservation Service NRCS PEDON Description Program PDP *; National Soil Information System NASIS *; PedonCE *; SoilVision Systems SoilVision software (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software; GIS software; Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — R * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

back to top

Knowledge

  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

back to top

Skills

  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

back to top

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.

back to top

Work Activities

  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.

back to top

Detailed Work Activities

  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research diseases or parasites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research of processes in natural or industrial ecosystems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze biological samples. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research hydrologic features or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research impacts of environmental conservation initiatives. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others about environmental management or conservation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop sustainable industrial or development methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others about land management or conservation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Classify organisms based on their characteristics or behavior. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct natural resources management or conservation programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Survey land or properties. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan natural resources conservation or restoration programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop agricultural methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research crop management methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research geological features or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop environmental sustainability plans or projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research sustainable agricultural processes or practices. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with technical specialists to resolve design or development problems. See more occupations related to this activity.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

back to top

Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 96% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 70% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 56% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 50% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 59% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 63% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 44% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 56% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 41% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 42% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 48% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 52% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 48% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 33% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 41% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 42% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 31% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Public Speaking — 48% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.

back to top

Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
44   Doctoral degree
26   Master's degree
15   Bachelor's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Chemistry — Soil Chemistry and Physics
Life Sciences — Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Breeding; Agriculture, General; Agronomy and Crop Science; Horticultural Science; Plant Sciences, General; Range Science and Management (see all 7 programs)
Physics/Astronomy — Soil Chemistry and Physics

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

back to top

Interests

Interest code: IR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

back to top

Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

back to top

Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

back to top

Related Occupations

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $28.81 hourly, $59,920 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 16,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 6,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top