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Summary Report for:
19-1029.02 - Molecular and Cellular Biologists

Research and study cellular molecules and organelles to understand cell function and organization.

Sample of reported job titles: Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Biology Professor, Molecular Biology Professor, Professor

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Maintain accurate laboratory records and data. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design molecular or cellular laboratory experiments, oversee their execution, and interpret results. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct research on cell organization and function including mechanisms of gene expression, cellular bioinformatics, cell signaling, or cell differentiation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Instruct undergraduate and graduate students within the areas of cellular or molecular biology. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile and analyze molecular or cellular experimental data and adjust experimental designs as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare reports, manuscripts, and meeting presentations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supervise technical personnel and postdoctoral research fellows. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct, coordinate, organize, or prioritize biological laboratory activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform laboratory procedures following protocols including deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing, cloning and extraction, ribonucleic acid (RNA) purification, or gel electrophoresis. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop assays that monitor cell characteristics. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate new technologies to enhance or complement current research. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor or operate specialized equipment such as gas chromatographs and high pressure liquid chromatographs, electrophoresis units, thermocyclers, fluorescence activated cell sorters, and phosphoimagers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate molecular or cellular research activities with scientists specializing in other fields. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify all financial, physical, and human resources assigned to research or development projects are used as planned. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide scientific direction for project teams regarding the evaluation or handling of devices, drugs, or cells for in vitro and in vivo disease models. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct applied research aimed at improvements in areas such as disease testing, crop quality, pharmaceuticals, and the harnessing of microbes to recycle waste. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop guidelines for procedures such as the management of viruses. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Automated microscope stages — Automated microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Tabletop centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Laboratory binocular optical microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Centrifuge tubes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemical or gas sterilizers — Laboratory chemical autoclaves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid cDNA synthesis kits — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers — Automated DNA sequencing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dry baths or heating blocks — Heat blocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dry wall single chamber carbon dioxide incubators — Automatic carbon dioxide CO2 incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electron guns — Phosphorimagers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic multichannel pipetters — Multichannel micropipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrophoresis system accessories — Electrophoresis cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Eyewashers or eye wash stations — Emergency eye wash stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Floor centrifuges — Laboratory floor centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluorescent microscopes — Fluorescence microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Chemical hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatography equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel documentation systems — Gel electrophoresis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • General cloning vectors — Cloning kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • General purpose refrigerators or refrigerator freezers — Laboratory freezers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Dessicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hybridization ovens or incubators — Nucleic acid hybridization ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Immunology or serology test kits or supplies — Serological kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inverted microscopes — Inverted binocular microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory balances — Microbalances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory beakers — Glass beakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory dishes — Cloning cylinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Laminar flow hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters — Automated cell counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual single channel positive displacement pipetters — Manual single channel positive displacement pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual single channel repeating pipetters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mass spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners — Magnetic resonance imaging MRI systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microbiology analyzers — Flow cytometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microcentrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplate readers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers — Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orbital shakers — Laboratory orbital shakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pasteur or transfer pipettes — Laboratory transfer pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters — pH analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photo attachments for microscopes — Charge-coupled device CCD cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plate incubators — Bacterial plate incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rapid amplification or complementary deoxyribonucleic acid ends RACE technology products — Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges — Cooled benchtop centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Robotic fluidics stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Scanning laser confocal microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers — Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Dissecting microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stirring hotplates — Magnetic stirring hot plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Gradiant thermocyclers; Polymerase chain reaction PCR thermocyclers; Thermocyclers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tissue culture incubators — Yeast culture incubators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Transilluminators — Gel imaging apparatus See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultra pure water systems — Water purification systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Volumetric pipettes — Variable volume pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vortex mixers — Vortex rotators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water baths — Laboratory water baths See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Geospiza GeneSifter; NetPrimer *; RasMol *; Textco BioSoftware Gene Inspector (see all 27 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Mathsoft Mathcad See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA libraries See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data mining software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Molecular Devices Corporation MetaMorph See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Record research or operational data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan biological research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research microbiological or chemical processes or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect equipment to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct scientific activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct medical science or healthcare programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establish standards for medical care. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze biological samples. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop technical or scientific databases. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate laboratory or field equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research crop management methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate new technologies or methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop new or advanced products or production methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop biological research methods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate cross-disciplinary research programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage scientific or technical project resources. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 71% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 82% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 77% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 55% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 55% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 62% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 67% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 76% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 41% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 43% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 41% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 27% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 59% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 27% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 50% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 38% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
41   Post-doctoral training
27   Doctoral degree
23   Bachelor's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology; Molecular Biology

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IRA

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.
Employment data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.
Industry data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.

Median wages (2014) $35.92 hourly, $74,720 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 34,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 9,800
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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