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Summary Report for:
19-2042.00 - Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

Sample of reported job titles: Engineering Geologist, Environmental Protection Geologist, Exploration Geologist, Geological Specialist, Geologist, Geophysicist, Geoscientist, Mine Geologist, Petroleum Geologist, Project Geologist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Analyze and interpret geological, geochemical, or geophysical information from sources such as survey data, well logs, bore holes, or aerial photos. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan or conduct geological, geochemical, or geophysical field studies or surveys, sample collection, or drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research or application. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare geological maps, cross-sectional diagrams, charts, or reports concerning mineral extraction, land use, or resource management, using results of fieldwork or laboratory research. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze and interpret geological data, using computer software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Investigate the composition, structure, or history of the Earth's crust through the collection, examination, measurement, or classification of soils, minerals, rocks, or fossil remains. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assess ground or surface water movement to provide advice regarding issues such as waste management, route and site selection, or the restoration of contaminated sites. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Locate and estimate probable natural gas, oil, or mineral ore deposits or underground water resources, using aerial photographs, charts, or research or survey results. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Locate and review research articles or environmental, historical, or technical reports. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate geological findings by writing research papers, participating in conferences, or teaching geological science at universities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure characteristics of the Earth, such as gravity or magnetic fields, using equipment such as seismographs, gravimeters, torsion balances, or magnetometers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct geological or geophysical studies to provide information for use in regional development, site selection, or development of public works projects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify risks for natural disasters, such as mudslides, earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design geological mine maps, monitor mine structural integrity, or advise and monitor mining crews. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Advise construction firms or government agencies on dam or road construction, foundation design, land use, or resource management. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect construction projects to analyze engineering problems, using test equipment or drilling machinery. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop applied software for the analysis and interpretation of geological data. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify deposits of construction materials suitable for use as concrete aggregates, road fill, or in other applications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with medical or health researchers to address health problems related to geological materials or processes. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine methods to incorporate geo-methane or methane hydrates into global energy production or evaluate the potential environmental impacts of such incorporation. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine ways to mitigate the negative consequences of mineral dust dispersion. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop strategies for more environmentally friendly resource extraction and reclamation. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop ways to capture or use gases that are currently burned off as waste during oil production processes. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify new sources for Platinum Group Elements necessary for industrial uses, such as automotive fuel cells or pollution abatement systems. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify possible sites for carbon sequestration projects. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Locate potential sources of geothermal energy. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide advice on the safe siting of new nuclear reactor projects or methods of nuclear waste management. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research geomechanical or geochemical processes to be used in carbon sequestration projects. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research ways to reduce the ecological footprint of increasingly prevalent megacities. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review environmental cleanup work plans to determine the effectiveness of the remedial activities for mitigating soil or groundwater contamination. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study historical climate change indicators found in locations such as ice sheets or rock formations to develop models related to current climate changes. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers — Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Axes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench scales — Electronic bench scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Illuminated microscopes; Optical compound microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemical absorption gas analyzers — Portable organic vapor analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chromatographic scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clinometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels — Rock chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Colorimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial fishing nets — Plankton nets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Mapping dividers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compressed air gun — Pneumatic airscribes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conductivity cells — Electrical conductivity cells See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conductivity meters — Electrical conductivity meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cyclone or vortex grinders — Rotary grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dissolved oxygen meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drafting kits or sets — Mapping scale sets; Vertical sketchmasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dredgers — Biological dredges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drying cabinets or ovens — Drying ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electromagnetic geophysical instruments — Alternating field demagnitizers; Degaussing wands; Impulse magnetizers; Thermal specimen demagnitizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electron microscopes — Electron microprobes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic toploading balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forestry increment borers — Tree corers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Geological compasses — Geological stratum compasses; Pocket transits; Sun compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graphics tablets — Digitizing tablets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gravimeters — Gravity meters; Microgravimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Chisel hammers; Crack hammers; Soft face hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Dessicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Height gauges — Abney levels; Altimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic rock drills — Hydraulic earth drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers — Argon plasma atomic emission spectroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ion chromatographs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jaw crushers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory box furnaces — One-atmosphere furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory crushers or pulverizers — Laboratory rock pulverizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — High temperature laboratory ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mixers — Agitators; Roto torque mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory separators — Isodynamic separators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory sifting equipment — Sieve shakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Hand levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetometer geophysical instruments — Rock magnetometers; Vibrating sample magnetometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnifiers — Hand magnifying lenses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mainframe computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Map measurers — Analog map measurers; Digital map measurers; Planimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mass spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computed tomography CT scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microscope slides See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nitrogen gas analyzers — Brunauer-Emmett-Teller BET surface area analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open stream current meters — Water current meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open stream water level recorders — Water level recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Optical diffraction apparatus — Submicron particle size analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Organic carbon analyzers — Carbon analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paramagnetic susceptibility analyzers — Magnetic susceptibility measurement systems; Magnetic susceptibility/anisotropy systems; Magnetic susceptibility/temperature systems; Pocket magnetic susceptibility meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Penetrometers — Underwater sediment bearing strength probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pestle or mortars — Motorized mortars/pestles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Picks — Geo/paleo picks; Rock picks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plotter printers — Large-format plotters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic rock drills — Powered rock-coring drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polarizing microscopes — Petrographic microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Mobile wireless handheld communication devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable seismic apparatus — Seismic stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radarbased surveillance systems — Ground penetrating radar GPR; Long range radar equipment; Short-range radar equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radiation detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rangefinders — Laser rangefinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Resistivity geophysical instruments — Earth resistivity meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reverse osmosis equipment — Reverse osmosis systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rock cutters — Rock saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sand testing apparatus — Sand grain size gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Digitizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scintillation crystal assemblies — Gamma ray scintillometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seismic geophones — Geophones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seismic recorders or seismographs — Digital seismographs; Seismic activity recorders; Seismographs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Sediment piston corers; Soil augers; Soil samplers; Tube samplers (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil testing kits — X ray fluorescence XRF lead detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Solid phase extraction preparations — Fusion fluxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sonars — Echosounders; Multibeam echosounders; Side scan sonars; Towed sonars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — X ray fluorescence spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Gamma ray spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Stereo microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Test sieves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Theodolites — Laser theodolites; Total stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermistor — Thermistor chains See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermographs — Temperature profile recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Titration equipment — Digital alkalinity titrators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Transmission electron microscopes — Cathodoluminescence scopes; Fluid inclusion microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Triple beam balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic sieve cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultraviolet UV lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Underwater cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum or rotary evaporators — Rotoevaporators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Video attachments for microscopes — Stereoscopes; Video microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water analyzers — Mercury analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water samplers — Sediment samplers; Tubular water samplers; Water sampler bottles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Well logging downhole test equipment — Borehole cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Winches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — EarthWorks Downhole Explorer; Gemcom Surpac; RockWare Geochemist's Workbench GWB; Waterloo Hydrogeologic FlowPath II (see all 87 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Atoll GeoCAD; Evolution Computing EasyCAD; Trimble Terramodel; Upperspace DesignCAD (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — GeoPLUS Petra; MJ Systems Logsleuth; RockWare Stratbugs; Scientific Software Group ChemPoint/ChemStat (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data conversion software — BOSS Didger See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — Document Express software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — ACD Systems Canvas; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Golden Software Surfer (graphics or photo imaging feature); IGnet software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcView; Geosoft Oasis montaj; Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE; SACLANTCEN * (see all 17 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software; OpenOffice.org * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze geological or geographical data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpret research or operational data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze geological samples. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review professional literature to maintain professional knowledge. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research hydrologic features or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research impacts of environmental conservation initiatives. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others about environmental management or conservation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop software or applications for scientific or technical use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare maps. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure environmental characteristics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others on management of emergencies or hazardous situations or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate results of environmental research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Research geological features or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Locate natural resources using geospatial or other environmental data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine methods to minimize environmental impact of activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review plans or proposals for environmental conservation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate cross-disciplinary research programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop sustainable industrial or development methods. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 75% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 50% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 50% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 50% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 54% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 33% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 46% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 42% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 42% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 33% responded “Very serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
50   Bachelor's degree
25   Master's degree
13   Doctoral degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Geosciences — Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences; Geology/Earth Science, General

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: IR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $43.22 hourly, $89,910 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 38,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 17,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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