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Summary Report for:
27-2022.00 - Coaches and Scouts

Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare them for competition. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category.

Sample of reported job titles: Assistant Basketball Coach, Assistant Coach, Assistant Football Coach, Baseball Coach, Basketball Coach, Coach, Cross Country/Track and Field Coach, Director of Athletics, Football Coach, Volleyball Coach

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Provide training direction, encouragement, motivation, and nutritional advice to prepare athletes for games, competitive events, or tours. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan, organize, and conduct practice sessions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Explain and enforce safety rules and regulations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan and direct physical conditioning programs that will enable athletes to achieve maximum performance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Instruct individuals or groups in sports rules, game strategies, and performance principles, such as specific ways of moving the body, hands, or feet, to achieve desired results. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Teach instructional courses and advise students. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate athletes' skills and review performance records to determine their fitness and potential in a particular area of athletics. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor athletes' use of equipment to ensure safe and proper use. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust coaching techniques, based on the strengths and weaknesses of athletes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Keep abreast of changing rules, techniques, technologies, and philosophies relevant to their sport. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop and arrange competition schedules and programs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of opposing teams to develop game strategies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Contact the parents of players to provide information and answer questions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate travel arrangements and travel with team to away contests. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Explain and demonstrate the use of sports and training equipment, such as trampolines or weights. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Arrange and conduct sports-related activities, such as training camps, skill-improvement courses, clinics, and pre-season try-outs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Hire, supervise, and work with extended coaching staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Keep and review paper, computerized, and video records of athlete, team, and opposing team performance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Counsel student athletes on academic, athletic, and personal issues. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select, acquire, store, and issue equipment and other materials as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform activities that support a team or a specific sport, such as participating in community outreach activities, meeting with media representatives, and appearing at fundraising events. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor the academic eligibility of student athletes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify and recruit potential athletes by sending recruitment letters, meeting with recruits, and arranging and offering incentives, such as athletic scholarships. See more occupations related to this task.
  • File scouting reports that detail player assessments, provide recommendations on athlete recruitment, and identify locations and individuals to be targeted for future recruitment efforts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan strategies and choose team members for individual games or sports seasons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Oversee the development and management of the sports program budget and fundraising activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Serve as organizer, leader, instructor, or referee for outdoor and indoor games, such as volleyball, football, and soccer. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Baseball gloves — Baseball catching gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Basketballs — Regulation basketballs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Environmental test chamber — Cyclical variations in adaptive conditioning CVAC pods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Field hockey sticks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Football blocking sleds — Football training sleds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Football tackling dummies — Football training dummies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Footballs — Regulation footballs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hockey sticks — Ice hockey sticks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hurdles — Track and field hurdles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice skates — Figure skates; Ice hockey skates; Speed skates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Phone headsets — Communications headsets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Physiological recorders — Motion analysis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Weighlifting analysis equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radar speed gun — Speed measuring radar guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soccer balls — Regulation soccer balls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stop watch — Digital stopwatches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Touch screen monitors — Interactive whiteboards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vaulting poles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Volleyballs — Regulation volleyballs See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Motion analysis software; Statistical software; Video analysis software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Online registration software; Performance database software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data conversion software — Video file conversion software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics creation software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Instant messaging software — Twitter See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — Video editing software; YouTube * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Facebook *; Website creation software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Train others on performance techniques. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Promote products, activities, or organizations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate athletic or sporting events or activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select materials or props. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select staff, team members, or performers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate logistics for productions or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coach others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage operations of artistic or entertainment departments or organizations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide educational information to the public. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate skills of athletes or performers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain records, documents, or other files. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain knowledge of laws or regulations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Negotiate for services. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Contact With Others — 93% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 74% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 77% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 67% responded “Extremely competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 61% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 22% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 52% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 45% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 37% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 49% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 42% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 46% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Public Speaking — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 57% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 19% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 25% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 36% responded “Less than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 29% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 39% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 39% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
47   Bachelor's degree
28   Associate's degree
15   Master's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: SRE

  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $30,640 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 244,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 108,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Coaches and Scouts external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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