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Summary Report for:
27-2023.00 - Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.

Sample of reported job titles: Basketball Referee, Commissioner of Officials, Director of Officiating, Diving Judge, Horse Show Judge, Major League Baseball Umpire, Referee, Softball Umpire, Sports Official, Supervisor of Officials

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Officiate at sporting events, games, or competitions, to maintain standards of play and to ensure that game rules are observed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Signal participants or other officials to make them aware of infractions or to otherwise regulate play or competition. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect sporting equipment and/or examine participants in order to ensure compliance with event and safety regulations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Keep track of event times, including race times and elapsed time during game segments, starting or stopping play when necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Judge performances in sporting competitions in order to award points, impose scoring penalties, and determine results. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Start races and competitions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Resolve claims of rule infractions or complaints by participants and assess any necessary penalties, according to regulations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with other sporting officials, coaches, players, and facility managers in order to provide information, coordinate activities, and discuss problems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct participants to assigned areas such as starting blocks or penalty areas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify scoring calculations before competition winners are announced. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Report to regulating organizations regarding sporting activities, complaints made, and actions taken or needed such as fines or other disciplinary actions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Teach and explain the rules and regulations governing a specific sport. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile scores and other athletic records. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify credentials of participants in sporting events, and make other qualifying determinations such as starting order or handicap number. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Ball pump — Ball inflators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench scales — Equipment scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cross trainers — Elliptical trainers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Currencies or coinage — Sports flip coins See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Exercise balls — Stability balls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fitness weights — Weight training equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flags or accessories — Penalty flags See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice skates — Hockey skates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Phone headsets — Communications headsets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Air gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Public address systems — Announcement systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sport safety equipment other than headgear — Elbow pads; Hockey girdles; Shin guards; Umpire chest protectors (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sport safety headgear — Protective sports helmets; Umpire masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sport scoreboards — Electronic display boards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sports timer — Countdown timers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stationary bicycles — Exercise bicycles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Treadmills — Fitness treadmills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Whistle — Referee whistles See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — Video editing software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Coordinate athletic or sporting events or activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compile technical information or documentation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Verify accuracy of data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coach others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate skills of athletes or performers. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 76% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 55% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 45% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 48% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 73% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 45% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 39% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 36% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 36% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work Schedules — 63% responded “Seasonal (only during certain times of the year).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 55% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 55% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 36% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 30% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 45% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 36% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 31% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 30% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 36% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 27% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 27% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
55   High school diploma or equivalent Help
19   Less than high school diploma
10   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: REC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $24,090 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 18,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 6,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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