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Summary Report for:
29-1041.00 - Optometrists

Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.

Sample of reported job titles: Chief, Optometry Service; Doctor of Optometry (OD); Eye Clinic Manager; Independent Contractor; Optometrist; Optometrist, Owner; Optometrist, President/Practice Owner; Optometrist/Practice Owner

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Examine eyes, using observation, instruments and pharmaceutical agents, to determine visual acuity and perception, focus and coordination and to diagnose diseases and other abnormalities such as glaucoma or color blindness. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prescribe, supply, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses and other vision aids. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze test results and develop a treatment plan. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prescribe medications to treat eye diseases if state laws permit. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove foreign bodies from the eye. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prescribe therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Educate and counsel patients on contact lens care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements and safety factors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with and refer patients to ophthalmologist or other health care practitioner if additional medical treatment is determined necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide patients undergoing eye surgeries, such as cataract and laser vision correction, with pre- and post-operative care. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide vision therapy and low vision rehabilitation. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Binocular vision test sets or accessories — Worth 4-dot tests See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood pressure cuff kits — Sphygmomanometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Color perception testing lanterns — Color vision testing devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Combination refractor keratometers — Autorefractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Corneal topographers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Depth perception apparatus — Randot stereo tests See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Eye charts or vision cards — Amsler grids; Pupil diameter PD rules; Single Lea symbol books; Snellen eye charts (see all 10 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Eye occluders — Combined cover paddle occluders; Multiple pin hole occluders; Multiple pinhole mask occluders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fundus camera — Retinal cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lachrymal dilators or sets — Lachrymal dilators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lens measuring equipment — Lens clocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Loupes — Contact lens loupes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic eye test lenses or accessories — Clear 20 diopter condensing lenses; Non-contact handheld fundus lenses; Trial lens sets; Yellow condensing lenses (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic instrument tables or accessories — Adult fixation targets; Child fixation targets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic irrigation or aspiration supplies or accessories — Lachrymal cannulae See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic lens holders — 4-well lens holders; 8-well lens flippers; Halberg clips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic lensometers — Lensometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic medical instrument sets — Scleral depressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic prisms — Horizontal prism bars; Loose prisms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic retinoscope accessories — Retinoscopy racks; Skiascopic lens rack See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic retinoscopes — Retinoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic slit lamps — Biomicroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic surgical knives or blades or scissors or accessories — Golf club spuds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic tonometers or accessories — Tonometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic transilluminators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopes; Ophthalmoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Opticians tools or accessories — Half nylon gripping pliers; Lens calipers; Optical screwdrivers; Snipe nose pliers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Phoropter units — Phoroptors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photo attachments for microscopes — Fundus cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thickness measuring devices — Corneal pachymeters See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access; Microsoft SQL Server See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Medical software — First Insight MaximEyes; HealthLine Systems Eyecom; Universal Software Solutions VersaVision; VisionScience Software Acuity Pro (see all 16 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Test patient vision. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat chronic diseases or disorders. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prescribe medications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor patients following surgeries or other treatments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop medical treatment plans. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Fit eyeglasses, contact lenses, or other vision aids. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prescribe assistive medical devices or related treatments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prescribe treatments or therapies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat acute illnesses, infections, or injuries. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 96% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 78% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 65% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 91% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 70% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 74% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 61% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 59% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 39% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 52% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 48% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 35% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 68% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 43% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 48% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 62% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 43% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 43% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 30% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 43% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 35% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 30% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
91   Doctoral degree
9   Professional degree Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ISR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

25-1071.00 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $48.76 hourly, $101,410 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 33,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 17,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Optometrists external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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