Summary Report for:
31-1014.00 - Nursing Assistants
Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties such as feed, bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens. May transfer or transport patients. Includes nursing care attendants, nursing aides, and nursing attendants.
Sample of reported job titles: Certified Medication Aide (CMA), Certified Nurse Aide (CNA), Certified Nurses Aide (CNA), Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA), Geriatric Nursing Assistant (GNA), Licensed Nursing Assistant (LNA), Nurses' Aide, Nursing Aide, Nursing Assistant, State Tested Nursing Assistant (STNA)
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Answer patient call signals, signal lights, bells, or intercom systems to determine patients' needs.
- Turn or reposition bedridden patients.
- Provide physical support to assist patients to perform daily living activities, such as getting out of bed, bathing, dressing, using the toilet, standing, walking, or exercising.
- Review patients' dietary restrictions, food allergies, and preferences to ensure patient receives appropriate diet.
- Measure and record food and liquid intake or urinary and fecal output, reporting changes to medical or nursing staff.
- Record vital signs, such as temperature, blood pressure, pulse, or respiration rate, as directed by medical or nursing staff.
- Gather information from caregivers, nurses, or physicians about patient condition, treatment plans, or appropriate activities.
- Observe or examine patients to detect symptoms that may require medical attention, such as bruises, open wounds, or blood in urine.
- Document or otherwise report observations of patient behavior, complaints, or physical symptoms to nurses.
- Remind patients to take medications or nutritional supplements.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
|Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED|
|Electronic medical thermometers — Electronic patient thermometers; Oral thermometers; Rectal thermometers; Tympanic thermometers|
|Shower or bath chairs or seats for the physically challenged — Shower chairs|
|Therapeutic heating or cooling pads or compresses or packs — Therapeutic cold packs; Therapeutic hot packs|
|Wheelchairs — Patient transport wheelchairs|
Technology used in this occupation:
|Accounting software — Billing software|
|Data base user interface and query software — Health information database software|
|Medical software — GE Healthcare Centricity EMR; Medical record charting software|
|Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel|
|Word processing software — Microsoft Word|
|Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.|
|Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.|
|Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.|
|Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.|
|Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.|
|Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.|
|Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.|
|Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.|
|Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.|
|Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.|
|Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.|
|Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).|
|Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.|
|Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.|
|Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.|
|Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.|
|Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.|
|Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.|
|Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).|
|Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.|
|Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.|
|Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.|
|Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.|
|Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.|
|Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.|
|Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.|
|Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?|
|Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?|
|Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?|
|Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?|
|Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?|
|Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?|
|Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?|
|Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?|
|Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?|
|Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?|
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
There are 8 recognized apprenticeable specialties associated with this occupation:
Nurse Assistant; CNA Advanced; CNA I; Nurse Assistant Certified; CNA Dementia Specialty; CNA Geriatric Specialty; CNA Mentor Specialty; CNA Restorative Specialty
To learn about specific apprenticeship opportunities, please consult the U.S. Department of Labor State Apprenticeship Information website.
For general information about apprenticeships, training, and partnerships with business, visit the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship website.
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|60||High school diploma or equivalent|
|32||Some college, no degree|
|7||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: SCR
|Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.|
|Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.|
|Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.|
|Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.|
|Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.|
|Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.|
|Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.|
|Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.|
|Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.|
|Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.|
|Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.|
|Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.|
|Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.|
|Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.|
|Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.|
|Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.|
Wages & Employment Trends
Employment data collected from Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants.
Industry data collected from Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants.
|Median wages (2012)||$11.74 hourly, $24,420 annual|
|Employment (2010)||1,505,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2010-2020)||Faster than average (20% to 28%)|
|Projected job openings (2010-2020)||496,100|
|Top industries (2010)|
State & National
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data and 2010-2020 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2010-2020). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
for Nursing Assistants
State & National Job Banks
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition.
- National Association for Home Care and Hospice (NAHC) , 228 7th St. SE, Washington, DC 20003. Phone: (202) 547-7424. Fax: (202) 547-3540.