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Summary Report for:
31-1014.00 - Nursing Assistants

Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties such as feed, bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens. May transfer or transport patients. Includes nursing care attendants, nursing aides, and nursing attendants.

Sample of reported job titles: Certified Medication Aide (CMA), Certified Nurse Aide (CNA), Certified Nurses Aide (CNA), Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA), Geriatric Nursing Assistant (GNA), Licensed Nursing Assistant (LNA), Nurses' Aide, Nursing Aide, Nursing Assistant, State Tested Nursing Assistant (STNA)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Answer patient call signals, signal lights, bells, or intercom systems to determine patients' needs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Turn or reposition bedridden patients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide physical support to assist patients to perform daily living activities, such as getting out of bed, bathing, dressing, using the toilet, standing, walking, or exercising. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review patients' dietary restrictions, food allergies, and preferences to ensure patient receives appropriate diet. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and record food and liquid intake or urinary and fecal output, reporting changes to medical or nursing staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record vital signs, such as temperature, blood pressure, pulse, or respiration rate, as directed by medical or nursing staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Gather information from caregivers, nurses, or physicians about patient condition, treatment plans, or appropriate activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Observe or examine patients to detect symptoms that may require medical attention, such as bruises, open wounds, or blood in urine. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Document or otherwise report observations of patient behavior, complaints, or physical symptoms to nurses. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remind patients to take medications or nutritional supplements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Feed patients or assist patients to eat or drink. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supply, collect, or empty bedpans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Undress, wash, and dress patients who are unable to do so for themselves. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lift or assist others to lift patients to move them on or off beds, examination tables, surgical tables, or stretchers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with patients to ascertain feelings or need for assistance or social and emotional support. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare or serve food trays. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and sanitize patient rooms, bathrooms, examination rooms, or other patient areas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record height or weight of patients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect specimens, such as urine, feces, or sputum. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply clean dressings, slings, stockings, or support bandages, under direction of nurse or physician. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Change bed linens or make beds. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Restock patient rooms with personal hygiene items, such as towels, washcloths, soap, or toilet paper. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Exercise patients who are comatose, paralyzed, or have restricted mobility. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wash, groom, shave, or drape patients to prepare them for surgery, treatment, or examination. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assist nurses or physicians in the operation of medical equipment or provision of patient care. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Administer medications or treatments, such as catheterizations, suppositories, irrigations, enemas, massages, or douches, as directed by a physician or nurse. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position or hold patients in position for surgical preparation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transport patients to treatment units, testing units, operating rooms, or other areas, using wheelchairs, stretchers, or moveable beds. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide information such as directions, visiting hours, or patient status information to visitors or callers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Transport specimens, laboratory items, or pharmacy items, ensuring proper documentation and delivery to authorized personnel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up treating or testing equipment, such as oxygen tents, portable radiograph (x-ray) equipment, or overhead irrigation bottles, as directed by a physician or nurse. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Explain medical instructions to patients or family members. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Stock or issue medical supplies, such as dressing packs or treatment trays. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Arm orthopedic softgoods — Patient arm slings See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bedpans for general use — Hospital bedpans See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blanket frames or lifters — Foot boards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Canes or cane accessories — Walking canes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clinical hydraulic lifts or accessories — Hydraulic patient lifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clinical trapeze bars — Clinical trapeze traction bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Crutches or crutch accessories — Crutches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic blood pressure units — Automated blood pressure cuffs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic medical thermometers — Electronic patient thermometers; Oral thermometers; Rectal thermometers; Tympanic thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic stethoscopes or accessories — Electronic stethoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extremities cradles — Bed cradles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Extremity restraints — Patient limb restraints See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gait belts for rehabilitation or therapy — Gait belts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Glucose monitors or meters — Blood glucometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gurneys or scissor lifts — Medical gurneys See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hospital intercom systems — Hospital intercom equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical aerosol tents — Oxygen tents See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves — Medical examination protective gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical gas cylinders or related devices — Oxygen tanks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical nasal cannulae — Oxygen nasal cannulas See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical oxygen masks or parts — Oxygen masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Bladder ultrasounds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mercury blood pressure units — Manual blood pressure equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orthopedic splint systems — Orthopedic splint sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oxygen therapy delivery system products accessories or its supplies — Oxygen therapy equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient bed or table scales for general use — Patient bed scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient care beds or accessories for general use — Adjustable hospital beds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient floor scales — Medical scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient shifting boards or accessories — Patient transfer boards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient stabilization or fall prevention devices or accessories — Protective patient restraints See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient urinals for general use — Urinals See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Razors — Safety razors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shower or bath chairs or seats for the physically challenged — Shower chairs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specimen collection container — Specimen collection containers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies — Incentive spirometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Steam sterilizers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling pads or compresses or packs — Therapeutic cold packs; Therapeutic hot packs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Urinalysis test strips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Urinary catheterization kit — Urinary catheters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vascular or compression apparel or support — Anti-embolism elastic stockings See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Walkers or rollators — Patient walkers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheelchairs — Patient transport wheelchairs See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Billing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Health information database software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Medical software — GE Healthcare Centricity EMR; Medical record charting software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Administer therapy treatments to patients using hands or physical treatment aids. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist practitioners to perform medical procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect biological specimens from patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Dispose of biomedical waste in accordance with standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare medical instruments or equipment for use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate medical equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interview patients to gather medical information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record vital statistics or other health information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Hold patients to ensure proper positioning or safety. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean patient rooms or patient treatment rooms. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess physical conditions of patients to aid in diagnosis or treatment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust positions of patients on beds or tables. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor patients to detect health problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Give medications or immunizations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Administer basic health care or medical treatments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply bandages, dressings, or splints. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist patients with daily activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Explain technical medical information to patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Transport biological or other medical materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Move patients to or from treatment areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Feed patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Stock medical or patient care supplies. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 85% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 71% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 74% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 71% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 51% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 50% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 56% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 40% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 49% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 36% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 37% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 37% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 38% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 37% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 29% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 33% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 37% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 35% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 37% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 27% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 28% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 37% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 29% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
60   High school diploma or equivalent Help
25   Post-secondary certificate Help
8   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: SCR

  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $12.07 hourly, $25,100 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 1,480,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 593,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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