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Summary Report for:
35-1011.00 - Chefs and Head Cooks

Direct and may participate in the preparation, seasoning, and cooking of salads, soups, fish, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foods. May plan and price menu items, order supplies, and keep records and accounts.

Sample of reported job titles: Banquet Chef; Certified Executive Chef (CEC); Chef; Chef, Instructor; Cook; Corporate Executive Chef; Executive Chef (Ex Chef); Executive Sous Chef; Head Cook; Line Cook

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Monitor sanitation practices to ensure that employees follow standards and regulations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check the quality of raw or cooked food products to ensure that standards are met. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate amounts and costs of required supplies, such as food and ingredients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Instruct cooks or other workers in the preparation, cooking, garnishing, or presentation of food. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Supervise or coordinate activities of cooks or workers engaged in food preparation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect supplies, equipment, or work areas to ensure conformance to established standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Order or requisition food or other supplies needed to ensure efficient operation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine production schedules and staff requirements necessary to ensure timely delivery of services. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check the quantity and quality of received products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine how food should be presented and create decorative food displays. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan, direct, or supervise the food preparation or cooking activities of multiple kitchens or restaurants in an establishment such as a restaurant chain, hospital, or hotel. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate planning, budgeting, or purchasing for all the food operations within establishments such as clubs, hotels, or restaurant chains. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze recipes to assign prices to menu items, based on food, labor, and overhead costs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare and cook foods of all types, either on a regular basis or for special guests or functions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Meet with sales representatives to negotiate prices or order supplies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Recruit and hire staff, such as cooks and other kitchen workers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with other personnel to plan and develop recipes or menus, taking into account such factors as seasonal availability of ingredients or the likely number of customers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Demonstrate new cooking techniques or equipment to staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Arrange for equipment purchases or repairs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Meet with customers to discuss menus for special occasions, such as weddings, parties, or banquets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record production or operational data on specified forms. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Blast freezers — Blast chillers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cappuccino or espresso machines — Cappuccino makers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Carbonated beverage dispenser — Carbonated beverage dispensers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use barbeque ovens — Braziers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use blenders — Blenders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use broilers — Broilers; Salamanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use coffee grinders — Commercial coffee grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use coffee or iced tea makers — Commercial coffeemakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use convection ovens — Convection ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use conveyer toasters — Conveyer ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use cutlery — Boning knives; Chefs' knives; Oyster knives; Serrated blade knives (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use deep fryers — Electric deep-fat fryers; Gas-powered deep-fat fryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use dishwashers — Commercial dishwashers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food choppers or cubers or dicers — Food dicers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food grinders — Meat grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food processors — Food processors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food slicers — Bread slicers; Meat slicers; Slicing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food warmers — Steam tables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use graters — Box graters; Food shredders; Fruit zesters; Plane graters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use griddles — Griddles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use grills — Grills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use heat lamps — Infrared heat lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use high pressure steamers — Pressurized steam cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use hot dog grills — Hot dog cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use icing sets or bags — Cake decorating tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use juicers — Juice extractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use measuring cups — Dry or liquid measuring cups See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use microwave ovens — Commercial microwave ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use mixers — Mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use pasta machines — Pasta machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use peelers — Vegetable peelers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use pizza ovens — Pizza ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ranges — Electric ovens; Electric stoves; Gas ovens; Gas stoves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rice cookers — Rice cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rolling pins — Rolling pins See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rotisseries — Rotisserie units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use scales — Portion scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use smokers or smoke ovens — Food smokers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use steamers — Steam kettles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use toasters — Toasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use waffle irons — Waffle makers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use woks — Woks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic apple corer — Apple corers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic double boilers — Double boilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic garnishing tools — Parisian cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen or food thermometers — Instant-read pocket thermometers; Meat thermometers; Refrigerator thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen tongs — Kitchen tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic knife sharpeners — Knife sharpeners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic mandolin — Mandolines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic melon or butter baller — Melon ballers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic sifter — Sifters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic strainers or colanders — Sieves; Strainers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic trash compactors — Garbage compactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic vegetable brush — Vegetable brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic whipped cream maker — Cream whippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fire blankets — Fire suppression blankets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fire extinguishers — Kitchen fire extinguishers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice dispensers — Ice-making machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice shaver machines or accessories — Ice shaving or crushing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Non carbonated beverage dispenser — Juice dispensers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Axxya Systems Nutritionist Pro software; Food Software.com IPro Restaurant Inventory, Recipe & Menu Software; GNOME Gnutrition *; Nutrition analysis software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Barrington Software CookenPro Commercial; CostGuard software; Culinary Software Services ChefTec; ReServe Interactive Table Management Software (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — SoftCafe MenuPro See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Sage MAS 90 ERP See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — EGS F&B Control See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Google spreadsheet *; Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Time accounting software — ADP eTIME See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Plan menu options. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cook foods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate with customers to resolve complaints or ensure satisfaction. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Check quality of foods or supplies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate supplies, ingredients, or staff requirements for food preparation activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect facilities, equipment or supplies to ensure conformance to standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train food preparation or food service personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate timing of food production activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate activities of food service staff. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage food service operations or parts of operations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Perform human resources activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create new recipes or food presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine prices for menu items. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Schedule equipment maintenance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan special events. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 92% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 85% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 89% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 85% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 81% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 70% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 70% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 73% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 69% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 52% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 44% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 44% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 67% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 44% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 50% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 48% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 50% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 46% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 52% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 38% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 33% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 30% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 41% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 37% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 31% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 42% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 33% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 33% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
44   Associate's degree
22   Post-secondary certificate Help
11   High school diploma or equivalent Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ERA

  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $20.01 hourly, $41,610 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 115,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 24,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Chefs and Head Cooks external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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