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Summary Report for:
37-3011.00 - Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers

Landscape or maintain grounds of property using hand or power tools or equipment. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks, which may include any combination of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming, planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, sprinkler installation, and installation of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units.

Sample of reported job titles: Gardener, Greenskeeper, Grounds Maintenance Worker, Grounds Person, Grounds Worker, Grounds/Maintenance Specialist, Groundskeeper, Landscape Specialist, Landscape Technician, Outside Maintenance Worker

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Operate vehicles and powered equipment, such as mowers, tractors, twin-axle vehicles, snow blowers, chain saws, electric clippers, sod cutters, and pruning saws. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mow or edge lawns, using power mowers or edgers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shovel snow from walks, driveways, or parking lots and spread salt in those areas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Care for established lawns by mulching, aerating, weeding, grubbing, removing thatch, or trimming or edging around flower beds, walks, or walls. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Use hand tools, such as shovels, rakes, pruning saws, saws, hedge or brush trimmers, or axes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prune or trim trees, shrubs, or hedges, using shears, pruners, or chain saws. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Gather and remove litter. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain or repair tools, equipment, or structures, such as buildings, greenhouses, fences, or benches, using hand or power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mix and spray or spread fertilizers, herbicides, or insecticides onto grass, shrubs, or trees, using hand or automatic sprayers or spreaders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide proper upkeep of sidewalks, driveways, parking lots, fountains, planters, burial sites, or other grounds features. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Water lawns, trees, or plants, using portable sprinkler systems, hoses, or watering cans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Trim or pick flowers and clean flower beds. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Rake, mulch, and compost leaves. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Follow planned landscaping designs to determine where to lay sod, sow grass, or plant flowers or foliage. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plant seeds, bulbs, foliage, flowering plants, grass, ground covers, trees, or shrubs and apply mulch for protection, using gardening tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Decorate gardens with stones or plants. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain irrigation systems, including winterizing the systems and starting them up in spring. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Care for natural turf fields, making sure the underlying soil has the required composition to allow proper drainage and to support the grasses used on the fields. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Use irrigation methods to adjust the amount of water consumption and to prevent waste. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Agricultural tractors — Tractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — Utility vehicles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Axes — Pick axes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Backhoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cable reels — Electrical cord reels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cargo trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cultivators — Soil pulverizers; Tillers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Draglines — Drag brooms; Drag leveling bars; Plow pan spikers; X-drags (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dump trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ear clamps — Oetiker clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Fertilizer spreaders; Hand spreaders; Salt spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forestry saws — Pruning saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Front end loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Garden forks — Mulching forks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graders or land levelers — Land levelers; Land planes; Landscape rakes; Power rakes (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinding wheels — Knife sharpeners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Backpack pump sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Handheld thermometer — Digital soil thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Harrows — Flexible chain-link harrows; Reversible spike harrows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hedge clippers — Hedge shears; Hedge trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoes — Scuffle hoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic truck cranes — Aerial lift trucks; Hydraulic booms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders — Extension ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lawnmowers — Hydrostatic mowers; Manual mowers; Push mowers; Riding mowers (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Mound slope gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Paint sprayguns; Wheeled paint sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pallet trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Picks — Ground picks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power blowers — Backpack blowers; Leaf blowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power chippers — Leaf-grinding machines; Wood chippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Hammer drills; Handheld power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Chain saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power trimmers — Line trimmers; String trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Precision files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rakes — Arena rakes; Iron rakes; Leaf rakes; Turf sweepers (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rollers for lawn or sports grounds — Turf rollers; Turf striping rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saws — Handsaws; Pole saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scrubbing machines — Power sweepers; Tractor broom attachments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Secateurs or pruning shears — Loppers; Pruners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seeder attachment — Overseed enhancing tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels — Dirt shovels; Snow shovels; Sod lifters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snow blowers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snowplow attachments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sockets — Socket wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Hex pluggers; Soil probes; Soil profilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sprayers — Pressurized sprayers; Truck-mounted chemical sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squeegees or washers — Roller squeegees See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stencils or lettering aids — Field painting stencils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Field layout systems; Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tarpaulins — Ground tarps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water pumps — Puddle pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water sprinklers — Sprinklers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Weeders — Brush trimmers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel loaders — Bucket loaders See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Electronic mail software — IBM Lotus Notes See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Microsoft Windows See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Dispose of trash or waste materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare chemicals for work application. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Trim trees or other vegetation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Treat greenery or surfaces with protective substances. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drive trucks or other vehicles to or at work sites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove snow. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean facilities or sites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate grounds maintenance equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Irrigate lawns, trees, or plants. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plant greenery to improve landscape appearance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide information about landscaping services or costs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain equipment or systems to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Decorate indoor or outdoor spaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove debris from work sites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate reports or designs to determine work needs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install equipment to protect or support trees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cultivate lawns, turf, or gardens. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 96% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 38% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 29% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 38% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 33% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 32% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 83% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 25% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 35% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 29% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 37% responded “Occasional contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 38% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 40% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
52   Less than high school diploma
26   High school diploma or equivalent Help
16   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $11.68 hourly, $24,290 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 1,125,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 422,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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