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Summary Report for:
43-9081.00 - Proofreaders and Copy Markers

Read transcript or proof type setup to detect and mark for correction any grammatical, typographical, or compositional errors. Includes proofreaders of Braille.

Sample of reported job titles: Content Editor, Copy Chief, Copy Editor, Copyholder, Desk Editor, Editorial Assistant, News Copy Editor, Proofer, Proofreader, Typesetter

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Mark copy to indicate and correct errors in type, arrangement, grammar, punctuation, or spelling, using standard printers' marks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read corrected copies or proofs to ensure that all corrections have been made. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Correct or record omissions, errors, or inconsistencies found. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compare information or figures on one record against same data on other records, or with original copy, to detect errors. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Route proofs with marked corrections to authors, editors, typists, or typesetters for correction or reprinting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult reference books or secure aid of readers to check references with rules of grammar and composition. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult with authors and editors regarding manuscript changes and suggestions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Archive documents, conduct research, and read copy, using the internet and various computer programs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write original content such as headlines, cutlines, captions, and cover copy. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Typeset and measure dimensions, spacing, and positioning of page elements, such as copy and illustrations, to verify conformance to specifications, using printer's ruler or layout software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read proof sheets aloud, calling out punctuation marks and spelling unusual words and proper names. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inkjet fax machine — Inkjet facsimile machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photocopiers — Copy machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Printers' rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Computer data input scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Computer based training software — Adobe Systems Adobe Captivate See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — FileMaker Pro software Hot technology ; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; Style guide databases See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe FrameMaker; Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign Hot technology ; Quark Xpress See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software Hot technology ; Microsoft Visio Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet protocol IP multimedia subsystem software — File transfer protocol FTP client software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Apple iWork Keynote; Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Program testing software — Bugzilla See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects; Apple Final Cut software; Avid Technology Media Composer See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver Hot technology ; HP Autonomy TeamSite; WordPress See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Adobe Systems Adobe InCopy; Microsoft Word; Serenity Software Editor; Whitesmoke (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Knowledge

  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Search information sources to find specific data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine production details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Report news to the public. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • File documents or records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Verify accuracy of financial or transactional data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Proofread documents, records, or other files to ensure accuracy. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate operational activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Search files, databases or reference materials to obtain needed information. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 94% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 85% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 79% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 73% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 84% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 70% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 67% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 75% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 26% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 28% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 59% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 33% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 19% responded “Very little freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 51% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 28% responded “Not important at all.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
47   Bachelor's degree
23   Associate's degree
12   Some college, no degree

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Interests

Interest code: CA

  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2015) $17.13 hourly, $35,630 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 14,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Decline (-2% or lower) Decline (-2% or lower)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 2,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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