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Summary Report for:
47-2061.00 - Construction Laborers

Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers.

Sample of reported job titles: Construction Laborer, Construction Worker, Curb and Gutter Laborer, Drain Layer, Drop Crew Laborer, Helper, Laborer, Post Framer, Skill Labor, Union Laborer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Control traffic passing near, in, or around work zones. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean or prepare construction sites to eliminate possible hazards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Signal equipment operators to facilitate alignment, movement, or adjustment of machinery, equipment, or materials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read plans, instructions, or specifications to determine work activities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Load, unload, or identify building materials, machinery, or tools, distributing them to the appropriate locations, according to project plans or specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure, mark, or record openings or distances to layout areas where construction work will be performed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dig ditches or trenches, backfill excavations, or compact and level earth to grade specifications, using picks, shovels, pneumatic tampers, or rakes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mix, pour, or spread concrete, using portable cement mixers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Tend pumps, compressors, or generators to provide power for tools, machinery, or equipment or to heat or move materials, such as asphalt. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Erect or dismantle scaffolding, shoring, braces, traffic barricades, ramps, or other temporary structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide assistance to craft workers, such as carpenters, plasterers, or masons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lubricate, clean, or repair machinery, equipment, or tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position or dismantle forms for pouring concrete, using saws, hammers, nails, or bolts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Smooth or finish freshly poured cement or concrete, using floats, trowels, screeds, or powered cement finishing tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate jackhammers or drills to break up concrete or pavement. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install sewer, water, or storm drain pipes, using pipe-laying machinery or laser guidance equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate or maintain air monitoring or other sampling devices in confined or hazardous environments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mix ingredients to create compounds for covering or cleaning surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Grind, scrape, sand, or polish surfaces such as concrete, marble, terrazzo, or wood flooring, using abrasive tools or machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position, join, align, or seal structural components, such as concrete wall sections or pipes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Tend machines that pump concrete, grout, cement, sand, plaster, or stucco through spray guns for application to ceilings or walls. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Spray materials such as water, sand, steam, vinyl, paint, or stucco through hoses to clean, coat, or seal surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply caulking compounds by hand or caulking guns to protect against entry of water or air. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mop, brush, or spread paints, cleaning solutions, or other compounds over surfaces to clean them or to provide protection. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform site activities required of green certified construction practices, such as implementing waste management procedures, identifying materials for reuse, or installing erosion or sedimentation control mechanisms. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply weather-stripping to reduce energy loss. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable forks — Brick carrier forks; Forks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air samplers or collectors — Air monitoring equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Asphalt finishers — Asphalt mops See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Axes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bandsaw wheel — Bandsaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Belt conveyors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bituminous material distributors — Oil distributors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blades or tooth or other cutting edges — Stump cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Liquid propane torches; Oxygen/acetylene torches; Torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Boring or sinking machinery — Electric boring machines; Hydraulic boring machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Burners — Kerosene burners; Smudge pots See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Caulking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cement pumping units — Concrete pumpers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chip Spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Combination pliers — Fencing pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compactors — Walk-behind compacting equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Concrete spreaders — Laser screeds; Screeds See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Coring equipment — Coring machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Demolition equipment kits — Demolition saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Remote pipe cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Robotic pipe cleaners; Sewer rodding machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drilling machines — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dump trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Explosive initiators — Dynamite blasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Floats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts — Masonry forklifts; Rough terrain forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas detectors — Gas leak detection devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators — Generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gin pole and accessories — Gin poles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Graders — Motor graders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Grinders — Hand grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammer drills — Rotary hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Stucco spray guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hazardous material protective apparel — Protective suits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoes — Mortar hoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hole saws — Hole cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic rock drills — Wagon drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic booms See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impact hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impact wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Instrument tripods — Tripods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Kettle exchangers — Asphalt kettles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — Laser guidance equipment for pipe placement; Laser measuring devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Carpenters' levels; Laser levels; Spirit levels; Water levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lifting hooks — Bale hooks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Pickup trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manlift or personnel lift — Bosun chairs; Manlifts; Swing chairs; Swing stages See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring rods — Surveying rods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mowers — Mowing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mud pumps — Mud jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paving breakers — Pavement breakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Picks — Mattocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Robotic pipe cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plaster or mortar mixers — Mortar mixers; Plaster mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plumb bobs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic drill — Air drills; Pneumatic drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Post hole digger — Post hole augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buggies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power chippers — Chipping guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Electric drills; Hammer drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Bench grinders; Disc grinders; Pedestal grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power nail guns — Nail guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power sanders — Floor sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Circular saws; Hydraulic track-guided wall saws; Reciprocating saws; Walk-behind saws (see all 13 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power screwguns — Power screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers; Steam cleaning equipment; Steam jennies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Crowbars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Wire stretchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Remote reading thermometers — Temperature probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rollers — Road rollers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rotary tiller mixers — Paddle mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety harnesses or belts — Fall arrest systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scarifiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scissor lift or lift table — Scissor lifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shoring equipment — Hydraulic speed shoring equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shotcrete spraying equipment — Guniting machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Skid steer loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slings See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sludge or sewage handling trucks — Sewer cleaner vactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Snowplow attachments — Snowplows See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Space heaters — Salamanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sprayers — Weed sprayers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Carpenters' squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Staple guns — Pneumatic staplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stonemason hammer — Brick hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tampers — Earth tampers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Theodolites See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading taps — Tappers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Brick tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Track loaders — Crawler shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trenching machines — Trenchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels — Tuck pointers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum cleaners — Ride-on vacuum cleaners; Sidewalk sweepers; Suction sweepers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vibratory plates — Vibratory plate compactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water samplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water trucks — Jet trucks for cleaning sewer lines; Water spraying equipment; Water tank trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel loaders — Loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Winches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire and cable pulling device — Cable pullers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Operating system software — Microsoft Windows See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Direct vehicle traffic. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare explosives for detonation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare hazardous waste for processing or disposal. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install masonry materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Pour materials into or on designated areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply sealants or other protective coatings. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position structural components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean work sites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure work site dimensions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install plumbing or piping. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate pumps or compressors. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Compact materials to create level bases. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Dig holes or trenches. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate heavy-duty construction or installation equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain construction tools or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Protect structures or surfaces near work areas to avoid damage. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist skilled construction or extraction personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position construction forms or molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply paint to surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load or unload materials used in construction or extraction. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install green structural components, equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Finish concrete surfaces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test air quality at work sites. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Dismantle equipment or temporary structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Contact With Others — 76% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 74% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 50% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 65% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 55% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 47% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 34% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 35% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 59% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 34% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 32% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 40% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 42% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 39% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 59% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 39% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 36% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 64% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 30% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 31% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 25% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 37% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 31% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
70   High school diploma or equivalent Help
23   Less than high school diploma
6   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $14.95 hourly, $31,090 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 1,071,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 489,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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