Summary Report for:
47-2021.00 - Brickmasons and Blockmasons
Lay and bind building materials, such as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and terra-cotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other structures.
Sample of reported job titles: Block Layer, Block Mason, Brick and Block Mason, Brick Layer, Brick Mason, Bricklayer, Brickmason, Concrete Finisher, Mason, Tender
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Remove excess mortar with trowels and hand tools, and finish mortar joints with jointing tools, for a sealed, uniform appearance.
- Construct corners by fastening in plumb position a corner pole or building a corner pyramid of bricks, and filling in between the corners using a line from corner to corner to guide each course, or layer, of brick.
- Measure distance from reference points and mark guidelines to lay out work, using plumb bobs and levels.
- Break or cut bricks, tiles, or blocks to size, using trowel edge, hammer, or power saw.
- Interpret blueprints and drawings to determine specifications and to calculate the materials required.
- Fasten or fuse brick or other building material to structure with wire clamps, anchor holes, torch, or cement.
- Lay and align bricks, blocks, or tiles to build or repair structures or high temperature equipment, such as cupola, kilns, ovens, or furnaces.
- Mix specified amounts of sand, clay, dirt, or mortar powder with water to form refractory mixtures.
- Calculate angles and courses and determine vertical and horizontal alignment of courses.
- Clean working surface to remove scale, dust, soot, or chips of brick and mortar, using broom, wire brush, or scraper.
- Apply and smooth mortar or other mixture over work surface.
- Examine brickwork or structure to determine need for repair.
- Remove burned or damaged brick or mortar, using sledgehammer, crowbar, chipping gun, or chisel.
- Spray or spread refractory material over brickwork to protect against deterioration.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Abrasive stones — Rubbing stones
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Angle grinder — Angle grinders
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment; Chain blocks; Rope and pulley systems
- Blow torch — Cutting torches; Propane torches
- Bolt cutters
- C clamps
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels — Brick bolsters; Brick sets; Pitching chisels; Tile chisels
- Concrete spreaders — Screeds
- Concrete vibrators
- Cutting machines — Power joint cutters; Stone splitters
- Desktop computers
- Edgers — Groovers
- Gas generators
- Grease guns
- Grouting pump — Grout pumps
- Hammers — Bush hammers; Carpenters' hammers; Striking tools; Tile hammers (see all 7 examples)
- Hand sprayers — Spray guns
- Hard hats
- Hoes — Mortar hoes
- Hoists — Hoisting equipment
- Jacks — Hydraulic jacks; Screw jacks
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Laser levels; Masonry levels; Water levels
- Lifts — Outriggers
- Manlift or personnel lift — Bosun chairs; Swing stages; Work cages
- Masks or accessories — Dust masks
- Notebook computers
- Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Cement mixers; Mixing drills; Mortar mixers
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers; Pneumatic chisels
- Power chippers — Pneumatic chipping guns
- Power drills — Hammer drills
- Power grinders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Jig saws; Masonry saws
- Power screwguns
- Pressure indicators — Pressure gauges
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Razor knives — Scrapers
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Rulers — Brick spacing rulers
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Fall arrest systems
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Shoring equipment — Bracing equipment
- Shovels — Round point shovels; Square point shovels
- Skid steer loaders
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines; Welders
- Squares — Precision squares
- Staple guns
- Stonemason hammer — Brick hammers
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tongs — Brick tongs
- Torque wrenches
- Tower cranes
- Trowels — Adhesive trowels; Pointing trowels; Power trowels; Sled runner jointers (see all 8 examples)
- Utility knives
- Winches — Electric winches
- Wire brushes — Masonry brushes
- Wire cutters — Wire snips
- Wood chisels
- Workshop cranes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks
- Analytical or scientific software — Construction Management Software ProEst
- Computer aided design CAD software — RISA Technologies RISA-3D
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
- Project management software — CPR Visual Estimator; Daystar iStructural.com; Estimating software; Tradesman's Software Master Estimator
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Detailed Work Activities
- Apply mortar.
- Remove excess materials from finished construction projects.
- Install masonry materials.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
- Cut tile, stone, or other masonry materials.
- Estimate materials requirements for projects.
- Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
- Align masonry materials.
- Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
- Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs.
- Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
- Inspect work sites to determine condition or necessary repairs.
- Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
- Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 95% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 86% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Standing — 84% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 80% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 82% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 52% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to High Places — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 33% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 61% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 79% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 27% responded “Important results.”
- Contact With Others — 51% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Physical Proximity — 72% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Time Pressure — 37% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 28% responded “Very little freedom.”
- Level of Competition — 58% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 32% responded “Fairly important.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 34% responded “Important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 27% responded “High responsibility.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 26% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 25% responded “Limited freedom.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, forest firefighters, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|58||Less than high school diploma|
|26||High school diploma or equivalent|
|11||Some college, no degree|
Interest code: RCI
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$23.05 hourly, $47,950 annual|
|Employment (2014)||78,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Much faster than average (14% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||21,000|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Masonry workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.