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Details Report for:
47-2061.00 - Construction Laborers

Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers.

Sample of reported job titles: Construction Laborer, Construction Worker, Curb and Gutter Laborer, Drain Layer, Drop Crew Laborer, Helper, Laborer, Post Framer, Skill Labor, Union Laborer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
75   Core Control traffic passing near, in, or around work zones.
73   Core Clean or prepare construction sites to eliminate possible hazards.
71   Core Signal equipment operators to facilitate alignment, movement, or adjustment of machinery, equipment, or materials.
70   Core Read plans, instructions, or specifications to determine work activities.
67   Core Load, unload, or identify building materials, machinery, or tools, distributing them to the appropriate locations, according to project plans or specifications.
67   Core Measure, mark, or record openings or distances to layout areas where construction work will be performed.
62   Core Dig ditches or trenches, backfill excavations, or compact and level earth to grade specifications, using picks, shovels, pneumatic tampers, or rakes.
62   Core Mix, pour, or spread concrete, using portable cement mixers.
62   Core Tend pumps, compressors, or generators to provide power for tools, machinery, or equipment or to heat or move materials, such as asphalt.
60   Core Erect or dismantle scaffolding, shoring, braces, traffic barricades, ramps, or other temporary structures.
60   Core Provide assistance to craft workers, such as carpenters, plasterers, or masons.
59   Core Lubricate, clean, or repair machinery, equipment, or tools.
58   Core Position or dismantle forms for pouring concrete, using saws, hammers, nails, or bolts.
55   Core Smooth or finish freshly poured cement or concrete, using floats, trowels, screeds, or powered cement finishing tools.
53   Core Operate jackhammers or drills to break up concrete or pavement.
65   Supplemental Install sewer, water, or storm drain pipes, using pipe-laying machinery or laser guidance equipment.
63   Supplemental Operate or maintain air monitoring or other sampling devices in confined or hazardous environments.
62   Supplemental Mix ingredients to create compounds for covering or cleaning surfaces.
59   Supplemental Grind, scrape, sand, or polish surfaces such as concrete, marble, terrazzo, or wood flooring, using abrasive tools or machines.
59   Supplemental Position, join, align, or seal structural components, such as concrete wall sections or pipes.
58   Supplemental Tend machines that pump concrete, grout, cement, sand, plaster, or stucco through spray guns for application to ceilings or walls.
57   Supplemental Spray materials such as water, sand, steam, vinyl, paint, or stucco through hoses to clean, coat, or seal surfaces.
55   Supplemental Apply caulking compounds by hand or caulking guns to protect against entry of water or air.
53   Supplemental Mop, brush, or spread paints, cleaning solutions, or other compounds over surfaces to clean them or to provide protection.
53   Supplemental Perform site activities required of green certified construction practices, such as implementing waste management procedures, identifying materials for reuse, or installing erosion or sedimentation control mechanisms. Green Task Statement
48   Supplemental Raze buildings or salvage useful materials. Green Task Statement
48   Supplemental Place, consolidate, or protect case-in-place concrete or masonry structures.
46   Supplemental Perform building weatherization tasks, such as repairing windows, adding insulation, or applying weather-stripping materials. Green Task Statement
44   Supplemental Perform construction laborer duties at green building sites, such as renewable energy plants or wind turbine installations. Green Task Statement
42   Supplemental Transport or set explosives for tunnel, shaft, or road construction.
41   Supplemental Use computers or other input devices to control robotic pipe cutters or cleaners.
Not available Supplemental Identify, pack, or transport hazardous or radioactive materials. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Apply weather-stripping to reduce energy loss. Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Adjustable forks — Brick carrier forks; Forks
Blow torch — Liquid propane torches; Oxygen/acetylene torches; Torches
Boring or sinking machinery — Electric boring machines; Hydraulic boring machines
Burners — Kerosene burners; Smudge pots
Concrete spreaders — Laser screeds; Screeds
Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Robotic pipe cleaners; Sewer rodding machines
Forklifts — Masonry forklifts; Rough terrain forklifts
Laser measuring systems — Laser guidance equipment for pipe placement; Laser measuring devices
Levels — Carpenters' levels; Laser levels; Spirit levels; Water levels
Manlift or personnel lift — Bosun chairs; Manlifts; Swing chairs; Swing stages
Plaster or mortar mixers — Mortar mixers; Plaster mixers
Pneumatic drill — Air drills; Pneumatic drills
Power drills — Electric drills; Hammer drills
Power grinders — Bench grinders; Disc grinders; Pedestal grinders
Power saws — Circular saws; Hydraulic track-guided wall saws; Reciprocating saws; Walk-behind saws (see all 13 examples)
Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers; Steam cleaning equipment; Steam jennies
Pullers — Cable pullers; Wire stretchers
Remote reading thermometers — Temperature probes
Vacuum cleaners — Ride-on vacuum cleaners; Sidewalk sweepers; Suction sweepers
Water trucks — Jet trucks for cleaning sewer lines; Water spraying equipment; Water tank trucks

See all 127 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
77   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
64   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
61   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
59   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
57   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
55   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
55   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
55   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
49   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
47   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
46   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
43   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
42   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
41   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
39   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
38   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
35   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
35   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
34   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
33   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
32   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
29   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
24   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
24   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
24   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
19   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
17   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
16   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
14   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
13   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
13   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
10   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
53   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
50   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
50   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
47   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
47   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
41   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
41   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
38   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
38   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
35   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
35   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
31   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
31   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
31   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
31   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
22   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
19   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
16   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
16   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
16   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
13   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
13   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
13   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
10   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
66   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
63   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
63   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
60   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
60   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
56   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
53   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
50   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
50   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
50   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
50   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
44   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
44   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
41   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
41   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
41   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
38   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
35   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
31   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
31   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
31   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
28   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
28   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
25   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
25   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
25   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
25   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
22   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
22   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
19   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
80   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning.
78   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Assist skilled construction or extraction personnel.
  • Clean equipment or facilities.
  • Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
  • Clean work sites.
  • Compact materials to create level bases.
  • Dig holes or trenches.
  • Finish concrete surfaces.
  • Load or unload materials used in construction or extraction.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
  • Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed.
  • Pour materials into or on designated areas.
  • Protect structures or surfaces near work areas to avoid damage.
  • Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
  • Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
76   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply paint to surfaces.
  • Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
  • Direct vehicle traffic.
  • Dismantle equipment or temporary structures.
  • Install green structural components, equipment or systems.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures.
  • Install masonry materials.
  • Install plumbing or piping.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials.
  • Position construction forms or molds.
  • Position structural components.
  • Prepare explosives for detonation.
  • Prepare hazardous waste for processing or disposal.
  • Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
69   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Test air quality at work sites.
67   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
67   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
64   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
61   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
60   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete.
  • Operate heavy-duty construction or installation equipment.
  • Operate pumps or compressors.
60   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
60   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain construction tools or equipment.
58   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
56   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
54   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
53   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
53   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
51   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
49   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
49   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
49   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
49   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
48   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
47   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure work site dimensions.
46   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
43   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
42   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
42   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
41   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
41   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
40   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
38   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
37   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
37   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
35   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
34   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
34   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
32   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
30   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
29   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
18   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
16   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
91   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
90   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
88   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
88   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
87   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
87   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
78   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
78   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
74   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
74   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
73   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
72   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
70   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
70   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
69   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
69   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
69   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
68   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
66   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
65   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
64   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
64   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
63   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
61   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
58   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
58   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
57   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
56   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
56   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
54   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
53   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
52   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
51   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
50   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
49   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
47   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
46   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
46   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
46   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
44   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
43   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
42   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
42   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
42   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
41   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
40   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
35   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
33   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
33   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
30   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
21   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
21   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
15   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
15   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
15   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
10   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

There are 5 recognized apprenticeable specialties associated with this occupation:
Construction Craft Laborer; Construction Craft Laborer; Tuckpointer, Cleaner, Caulker; Pointer Cleaner, Caulker; Maintenance Technician Municipal (Roadway Technician)

To learn about specific apprenticeship opportunities, please consult the U.S. Department of Labor State Apprenticeship Information external site website.

For general information about apprenticeships, training, and partnerships with business, visit the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship external site website.

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
70   High school diploma or equivalent
23   Less than high school diploma
  Some college, no degree

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
76   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
74   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
70   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
68   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
68   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
67   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
66   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
65   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
63   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
62   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
58   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
57   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
53   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
45   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
43   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
40   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
50   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
36   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
28   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
22   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
11   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2051.00 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2053.00 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers
47-2071.00 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
47-2151.00 Pipelayers
47-3011.00 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
47-3012.00 Helpers--Carpenters Bright Outlook   Green Occupation Green
47-3014.00 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons
47-5051.00 Rock Splitters, Quarry
47-5071.00 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas
53-7061.00 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages (2012) $14.42 hourly, $29,990 annual
Employment (2012) 1,071,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 489,100
Top industries (2012)
Construction (60% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Construction Laborers

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

          CareerOneStop

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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