Details Report for:
47-2061.00 - Construction Laborers
Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers.
Sample of reported job titles: Construction Laborer, Construction Worker, Curb and Gutter Laborer, Drain Layer, Drop Crew Laborer, Helper, Laborer, Post Framer, Skill Labor, Union Laborer
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
|Not available||Not available|
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable forks — Brick carrier forks; Forks
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Air samplers or collectors — Air monitoring equipment
- Asphalt finishers — Asphalt mops
- Bandsaw wheel — Bandsaws
- Belt conveyors
- Bituminous material distributors — Oil distributors
- Blades or tooth or other cutting edges — Stump cutters
- Blow torch — Liquid propane torches; Oxygen/acetylene torches; Torches
- Boring or sinking machinery — Electric boring machines; Hydraulic boring machines
- Burners — Kerosene burners; Smudge pots
- Caulking guns
- Cement pumping units — Concrete pumpers
- Chip Spreaders
- Cold chisels
- Combination pliers — Fencing pliers
- Compactors — Walk-behind compacting equipment
- Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers
- Concrete spreaders — Laser screeds; Screeds
- Coring equipment — Coring machines
- Demolition equipment kits — Demolition saws
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Remote pipe cameras
- Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Robotic pipe cleaners; Sewer rodding machines
- Drilling machines — Drill presses
- Dump trucks
- Explosive initiators — Dynamite blasters
- Forklifts — Masonry forklifts; Rough terrain forklifts
- Gas detectors — Gas leak detection devices
- Gas generators — Generators
- Gin pole and accessories — Gin poles
- Graders — Motor graders
- Grinders — Hand grinders
- Hammer drills — Rotary hammers
- Hand sprayers — Stucco spray guns
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Hazardous material protective apparel — Protective suits
- Hoes — Mortar hoes
- Hole saws — Hole cutters
- Hydraulic rock drills — Wagon drills
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic booms
- Impact hammers
- Impact wrenches
- Instrument tripods — Tripods
- Kettle exchangers — Asphalt kettles
- Laser measuring systems — Laser guidance equipment for pipe placement; Laser measuring devices
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Carpenters' levels; Laser levels; Spirit levels; Water levels
- Lifting hooks — Bale hooks
- Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Pickup trucks
- Manlift or personnel lift — Bosun chairs; Manlifts; Swing chairs; Swing stages
- Measuring rods — Surveying rods
- Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels
- Mowers — Mowing equipment
- Mud pumps — Mud jacks
- Paint sprayers
- Paving breakers — Pavement breakers
- Picks — Mattocks
- Pipe or tube cutter — Robotic pipe cutters
- Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma cutters
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Mortar mixers; Plaster mixers
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic drill — Air drills; Pneumatic drills
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters
- Post hole digger — Post hole augers
- Power buggies
- Power chippers — Chipping guns
- Power drills — Electric drills; Hammer drills
- Power grinders — Bench grinders; Disc grinders; Pedestal grinders
- Power nail guns — Nail guns
- Power sanders — Floor sanders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Hydraulic track-guided wall saws; Reciprocating saws; Walk-behind saws (see all 13 examples)
- Power screwguns — Power screwdrivers
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers; Steam cleaning equipment; Steam jennies
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Pullers — Wire stretchers
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches
- Remote reading thermometers — Temperature probes
- Rollers — Road rollers
- Rotary tiller mixers — Paddle mixers
- Safety harnesses or belts — Fall arrest systems
- Scissor lift or lift table — Scissor lifts
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Shoring equipment — Hydraulic speed shoring equipment
- Shotcrete spraying equipment — Guniting machines
- Skid steer loaders
- Sludge or sewage handling trucks — Sewer cleaner vactors
- Snowplow attachments — Snowplows
- Space heaters — Salamanders
- Sprayers — Weed sprayers
- Squares — Carpenters' squares
- Staple guns — Pneumatic staplers
- Stonemason hammer — Brick hammers
- Tampers — Earth tampers
- Tape measures
- Threading taps — Tappers
- Tongs — Brick tongs
- Track loaders — Crawler shovels
- Trenching machines — Trenchers
- Trowels — Tuck pointers
- Two way radios
- Vacuum cleaners — Ride-on vacuum cleaners; Sidewalk sweepers; Suction sweepers
- Vibratory plates — Vibratory plate compactors
- Water samplers
- Water trucks — Jet trucks for cleaning sewer lines; Water spraying equipment; Water tank trucks
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Wheel loaders — Loaders
- Wire and cable pulling device — Cable pullers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Direct vehicle traffic.
- Prepare explosives for detonation.
- Install masonry materials.
- Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
- Pour materials into or on designated areas.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
- Clean equipment or facilities.
- Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
- Clean work sites.
- Measure work site dimensions.
- Operate pumps or compressors.
- Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
- Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
- Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
- Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
- Prepare hazardous waste for processing or disposal.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Operate heavy-duty construction or installation equipment.
- Position structural components.
- Install plumbing or piping.
- Compact materials to create level bases.
- Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed.
- Protect structures or surfaces near work areas to avoid damage.
- Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
- Maintain construction tools or equipment.
- Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning.
- Dig holes or trenches.
- Finish concrete surfaces.
- Assist skilled construction or extraction personnel.
- Position construction forms or molds.
- Apply paint to surfaces.
- Load or unload materials used in construction or extraction.
- Install green structural components, equipment or systems.
- Test air quality at work sites.
- Dismantle equipment or temporary structures.
- Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete.
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|70||High school diploma or equivalent|
|23||Less than high school diploma|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|47-2051.00||Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers|
|47-2053.00||Terrazzo Workers and Finishers|
|47-2071.00||Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators|
|47-3011.00||Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters Bright Outlook|
|47-3014.00||Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons|
|47-5051.00||Rock Splitters, Quarry|
|47-5071.00||Roustabouts, Oil and Gas|
|53-7061.00||Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$14.95 hourly, $31,090 annual|
|Employment (2012)||1,071,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Much faster than average (22% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||489,100|
|Top industries (2012)||
Construction (60% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Construction Laborers and Helpers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.
- Laborers' International Union of North America (LIUNA) , 905 16th St. NW, Washington, DC 20006. Phone: (202) 737-8320.
- LIUNA Training and Education Fund , 37 Deerfield Rd., P.O. Box 37, Pomfret Center, CT 06259.
- National Center for Construction Education and Research (NCCER) , 3600 NW 43rd St., Bldg. G, Gainesville, FL 32606. Phone: (888) 622-3720. Fax: (352) 334-0932.