Summary Report for:
49-3022.00 - Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers
Replace or repair broken windshields and window glass in motor vehicles.
Sample of reported job titles: Automotive Glass Installer (Auto Glass Installer), Automotive Glass Technician (Auto Glass Technician), Automotive Glazier (Auto Glazier), Glass Installer, Glass Installer Technician, Glass Technician, Glass Technician/Installer, Master Automotive Glass Technician (Master Auto Glass Technician), Windshield Installer, Windshield Repair Technician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Prime all scratches on pinchwelds with primer and allow to dry.
- Remove all dirt, foreign matter, and loose glass from damaged areas, apply primer along windshield or window edges, and allow primer to dry.
- Allow all glass parts installed with urethane ample time to cure, taking temperature and humidity into account.
- Apply a bead of urethane around the perimeter of each pinchweld and dress the remaining urethane on the pinchwelds so that it is of uniform level and thickness.
- Select appropriate tools, safety equipment, and parts, according to job requirements.
- Install replacement glass in vehicles.
- Obtain windshields or windows for specific automobile makes and models from stock and examine them for defects prior to installation.
- Check for and remove moisture or contamination in damaged areas and keep areas dry until repairs are complete.
- Replace all moldings, clips, windshield wipers, or other parts that were removed prior to glass replacement or repair.
- Remove broken or damaged glass windshields or window glass from motor vehicles, using hand tools to remove screws from frames holding glass.
- Remove moldings, clips, windshield wipers, screws, bolts, and inside A-pillar moldings and lower headliners in preparation for installation or repair work.
- Install, repair, or replace safety glass and related materials, such as back glass heating elements, on vehicles or equipment.
- Cool or warm glass in the event of temperature extremes.
- Replace or adjust motorized or manual window-raising mechanisms.
- Install new foam dams on pinchwelds, if required.
- Install rubber channeling strips around edges of glass or frames to weatherproof windows or to prevent rattling.
- Hold cut or uneven edges of glass against automated abrasive belts to shape or smooth edges.
- Cut flat safety glass according to specified patterns or perform precision pattern making and glass cutting to custom fit replacement windows.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air compressors
- Air dryers — Air knives
- Blow torch — Propane torches
- Caulking guns
- Cleaning scrapers — Gasket scrapers
- Cold chisels
- Deburring tool — Deburring tools
- Desktop computers
- Glass cutters
- Heat tracing equipment — Infrared digital thermometers
- Hold down clamps — Glass holders
- Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors
- J hooks — Hook tools
- Knife blades — Hot knife blades; Pneumatic windshield removal blades
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Nut drivers
- Personal computers
- Power blowers — Moisture evaporators
- Power buffers — Buffing wheels
- Power caulking guns
- Power drills — Cordless drills
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Pry bars
- Pullers — Pliers action clip removers; Upholstery removal tools
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches
- Razor knives — Cold knives; Cut-out knives; Long knives; Urethane sealant cutout knives
- Resin guns — Injection syringes
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Ratcheting screwdrivers
- Shears — Oscillating power knives; Windshield removal power knives
- Specialty wrenches — Mirror bracket wrenches
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Suction cups
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Torx keys — Torx wrenches
- Trim or molding tools — Lacing tools; Trim tools; Windshield molding removal tools
- Ultraviolet UV lamps — Ultraviolet UV curing lamps; Ultraviolet UV lights
- Utility knives — Hot knives
- Wedges — Driving wedges
Technology used in this occupation:
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Detailed Work Activities
- Replace vehicle glass.
- Paint surfaces or equipment.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Determine types of equipment, tools, or materials needed for jobs.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Reassemble equipment after repair.
- Adjust vehicle components according to specifications.
- Remove parts or components from vehicles.
- Inspect structural components of vehicles to identify problems.
- Repair non-engine automotive or vehicle components.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 95% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 89% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 84% responded “Every day.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 84% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 29% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Time Pressure — 79% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 13% responded “Fairly important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 26% responded “More than half the time.”
- Spend Time Standing — 40% responded “More than half the time.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 23% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With External Customers — 43% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 15% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 25% responded “Never.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 36% responded “Important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 59% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 27% responded “More than half the time.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 33% responded “Very important results.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 38% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 26% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 66% responded “40 hours.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 20% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 27% responded “Important.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 40% responded “Some freedom.”
- Consequence of Error — 29% responded “Very serious.”
- Physical Proximity — 63% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|90||High school diploma or equivalent|
|9||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RCE
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$16.27 hourly, $33,830 annual|
|Employment (2014)||19,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||4,100|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Automotive body and glass repairers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.
- Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC) , 2101 Wilson Blvd., Suite 302, Arlington, VA 22201. Phone: (703) 247-4212. Fax: (703) 247-4533.
- Automotive Service Association (ASA) , P.O. Box 929, Bedford, TX 76095-0929. Phone: (800) 272-7467. Fax: (817) 685-0225.
- National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) , Public Relations Dept., 8400 Westpark Dr., McLean, VA 22102-3591. Phone: (703) 821-7000.
- National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation (NATEF) , 101 Blue Seal Dr. SE, Suite 101, Leesburg, VA 20175. Phone: (703) 669-6650. Fax: (703) 669-6125.
- National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) , 101 Blue Seal Dr. SE, Suite 101, Leesburg, VA 20175. Phone: (703) 669-6600.
- SkillsUSA , P.O. Box 3000, Leesburg, VA 20177-0300. Phone: (703) 777-8810. Fax: (703) 777-8999.