Summary Report for:
49-3021.00 - Automotive Body and Related Repairers
Repair and refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames.
Sample of reported job titles: Auto Body Man, Auto Body Repair Technician (Auto Body Repair Tech), Auto Body Repairman, Automotive Body Technician (Auto Body Tech), Body Man, Body Technician (Body Tech), Collision Repair Technician (Collision Repair Tech), Collision Technician (Collision Tech), Frame Man, Refinish Technician (Refinish Tech)
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- File, grind, sand, and smooth filled or repaired surfaces, using power tools and hand tools.
- Inspect repaired vehicles for proper functioning, completion of work, dimensional accuracy, and overall appearance of paint job, and test-drive vehicles to ensure proper alignment and handling.
- Fit and weld replacement parts into place, using wrenches and welding equipment, and grind down welds to smooth them, using power grinders and other tools.
- Prime and paint repaired surfaces, using paint sprayguns and motorized sanders.
- Follow supervisors' instructions as to which parts to restore or replace and how much time the job should take.
- Sand body areas to be painted and cover bumpers, windows, and trim with masking tape or paper to protect them from the paint.
- Chain or clamp frames and sections to alignment machines that use hydraulic pressure to align damaged components.
- Position dolly blocks against surfaces of dented areas and beat opposite surfaces to remove dents, using hammers.
- Cut and tape plastic separating film to outside repair areas to avoid damaging surrounding surfaces during repair procedure and remove tape and wash surfaces after repairs are complete.
- Review damage reports, prepare or review repair cost estimates, and plan work to be performed.
- Fill small dents that cannot be worked out with plastic or solder.
- Remove damaged sections of vehicles using metal-cutting guns, air grinders and wrenches, and install replacement parts using wrenches or welding equipment.
- Remove small pits and dimples in body metal, using pick hammers and punches.
- Remove upholstery, accessories, electrical window-and-seat-operating equipment, and trim to gain access to vehicle bodies and fenders.
- Mix polyester resins and hardeners to be used in restoring damaged areas.
- Fit and secure windows, vinyl roofs, and metal trim to vehicle bodies, using caulking guns, adhesive brushes, and mallets.
- Adjust or align headlights, wheels, and brake systems.
- Replace damaged glass on vehicles.
- Remove damaged panels, and identify the family and properties of the plastic used on a vehicle.
- Apply heat to plastic panels, using hot-air welding guns or immersion in hot water, and press the softened panels back into shape by hand.
- Clean work areas, using air hoses, to remove damaged material and discarded fiberglass strips used in repair procedures.
- Soak fiberglass matting in resin mixtures and apply layers of matting over repair areas to specified thicknesses.
- Read specifications or confer with customers to determine the desired custom modifications for altering the appearance of vehicles.
- Cut openings in vehicle bodies for the installation of customized windows, using templates and power shears or chisels.
- Measure and mark vinyl material and cut material to size for roof installation, using rules, straightedges, and hand shears.
- Accounting software — Accounts receivable software
- Analytical or scientific software — Collision damage estimation software; Collision damage measurement software; Paint mixing and matching software; Swan River Estimiser Pro
- Calendar and scheduling software — Appointment scheduling software
- Data base user interface and query software — AutoZone ALLDATA; Equipment management information software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Inventory management software — Materials management software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows ; Palm OS
- Point of sale POS software — Automotive and Accounting Software by R*KOM Invoice Writer
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Blow torch — Blow torches; Oxyacetylene torches
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Chisel bit — Spot weld breakers
- Cold chisels
- Depth gauges
- Desktop computers
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Digital cameras
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Feeler gauges
- Fluorescent lamps — Fluorescent lights
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas arc welding equipment
- Goggles — Welding goggles
- Grease guns
- Hammers — Dent hammers; Pick hammers
- Heat guns — Hot air guns
- Height gauges
- Impact wrenches
- Infrared lamps — Infrared IR paint curing units
- Jacks — Hydraulic jacks
- Knife blades — Double-edged blades
- Laser printers
- Lifts — Hydraulic automobile lifts
- Manual press brake — Hand brakes
- Metal cutters — Double-edged cutter tools; Panel cutters; Pneumatic metal cutting guns
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Nut drivers
- Paint application system — Spray booths
- Paint sprayers — High velocity low pressure HVLP spray equipment
- Personal computers
- Pitch measuring instruments — Pitch gauges
- Pneumatic grinders
- Pneumatic hammer — Air chisels; Air hammers; Pneumatic hammers; Pneumatic smoothing hammers
- Pneumatic press — Pneumatic panel crimpers
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Pressure feed sandblasters; Suction feed sandblasters
- Power buffers — Buffing machines; Machine polishers; Portable buffers
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Grinders
- Power sanders — Media blasters
- Power saws — Body saws
- Pressure indicators — Air pressure gauges; Pressure gauges
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers; Steam cleaning equipment
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Pry bars
- Pullers — Pick pull rods; Pull rods; Slide hammers; T pullers
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Power punches
- Rasps — Surforms
- Razor knives — Scrapers
- Rivet tools — Pop rivet guns; Rivet busters
- S hooks — S-hooks
- Safety glasses
- Safety hoods
- Sanding blocks
- Shears — Foot shears; Hand shears; Power shears
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering equipment
- Spatulas — Bondo spreaders
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines; Resistance spot welding equipment
- Squares — Alignment squares
- Stamping dies or punches — Punches
- Stencils or lettering aids — Paint stencils
- Suction cups
- Telescoping gauge — Telescoping gauges
- Trim or molding tools — Crown spoons; Door skin dollies; Toe dollies; Universal railroad dollies (see all 9 examples)
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Utility knives — Windshield knives
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding electrode — Welding electrodes
- Welding generator — Weld current controllers
- Welding masks — Welding helmets; Welding hoods
- Welding or cutting tip — Welding tips
- Welding or soldering kit — Stud welder kits
- Wheel alignment equipment — Alignment machines; Frame alignment equipment
- Wire brushes — Stainless steel brushes
- Workshop cranes — Hydraulic cranes
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Detailed Work Activities
- Smooth surfaces of objects or equipment.
- Inspect completed work to ensure proper functioning.
- Install vehicle parts or accessories.
- Operate welding equipment.
- Paint surfaces or equipment.
- Apply protective coverings to objects or surfaces near work areas.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Remove dents from equipment, materials, tools or structures.
- Read work orders or descriptions of problems to determine repairs or modifications needed.
- Plan work procedures.
- Remove parts or components from vehicles.
- Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Prepare compounds or solutions to be used for repairs.
- Adjust vehicle components according to specifications.
- Replace vehicle glass.
- Clean work areas.
- Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
- Measure distances or dimensions.
- Exposed to Contaminants — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 95% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 81% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 84% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 65% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 52% responded “Extremely important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 66% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 52% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Standing — 52% responded “More than half the time.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 58% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 41% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 42% responded “Some freedom.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 50% responded “More than half the time.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 57% responded “Very important results.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 54% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 56% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Contact With Others — 39% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 47% responded “More than half the time.”
- Consequence of Error — 41% responded “Very serious.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 40% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 39% responded “Very important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 25% responded “Very high responsibility.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, counter and rental clerks, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Interest code: R Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2019)||$20.95 hourly, $43,580 annual|
|Employment (2018)||156,800 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Average (4% to 6%)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||16,000|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges
- Automotive Maintenance and Repair Association
- Automotive Service Association
- Inter-Industry Conference on Auto Collision Repair
- International Association of General Motors Automotive Service Educational Program
- International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
- National Automobile Dealers Association
- National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation
- National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Automotive body and glass repairers