Summary Report for:
49-3042.00 - Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment, such as cranes, bulldozers, graders, and conveyors, used in construction, logging, and surface mining.
Sample of reported job titles: Construction Equipment Mechanic, Diesel Mechanic, Equipment Technician, Field Mechanic, Field Service Technician, Field Technician, Heavy Equipment Mechanic, Heavy Equipment Technician, Mechanic, Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanic
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Repair and replace damaged or worn parts.
- Dismantle and reassemble heavy equipment using hoists and hand tools.
- Operate and inspect machines or heavy equipment to diagnose defects.
- Test mechanical products and equipment after repair or assembly to ensure proper performance and compliance with manufacturers' specifications.
- Clean, lubricate, and perform other routine maintenance work on equipment and vehicles.
- Read and understand operating manuals, blueprints, and technical drawings.
- Overhaul and test machines or equipment to ensure operating efficiency.
- Fit bearings to adjust, repair, or overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment.
- Diagnose faults or malfunctions to determine required repairs, using engine diagnostic equipment such as computerized test equipment and calibration devices.
- Examine parts for damage or excessive wear, using micrometers and gauges.
- Repair, rewire, and troubleshoot electrical systems.
- Schedule maintenance for industrial machines and equipment, and keep equipment service records.
- Research, order, and maintain parts inventory for services and repairs.
- Adjust, maintain, and repair or replace subassemblies, such as transmissions and crawler heads, using hand tools, jacks, and cranes.
- Clean parts by spraying them with grease solvent or immersing them in tanks of solvent.
- Weld or solder broken parts and structural members, using electric or gas welders and soldering tools.
- Adjust and maintain industrial machinery, using control and regulating devices.
- Assemble gear systems, and align frames and gears.
- Fabricate needed parts or items from sheet metal.
- Direct workers who are assembling or disassembling equipment or cleaning parts.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers — Dual action pliers
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable monkey wrenches
- Air compressors
- Automotive exhaust emission analyzers — Exhaust emission analyzers
- Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers
- Battery chargers
- Battery testers — Handheld battery testers
- Blow torch — Cutting torches
- Bolt cutters
- Boring machines — Boring bars
- Box end wrenches — Offset box wrenches
- C clamps — Hose clamps
- Calipers — Dial calipers
- Circuit tester — Circuit testers; Test lights
- Cold chisels
- Combination wrenches
- Crows foot wrench — Crowfoot wrenches
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial gauges
- Digital testers — Electronic engine analyzers
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
- End cut pliers — End nippers
- Engine or vehicle stands — Jack stands
- Feeler gauges — Spark plug gapping tools
- Flame cutting machine — Flame cutting equipment
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas welders; Oxyacetylene welding equipment
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hammers — Plastic tip hammers
- Hand sprayers — Solvent sprayers
- Hard hats
- Hazardous material protective apparel — Hazardous material protective clothing
- Heat guns
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches; Hex key sets
- Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors
- Leak testing equipment — Leak detection equipment
- Lifts — Hydraulic lifts
- Linemans pliers — Lineman's pliers
- Liquid leak detectors — Leak detectors
- Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers; Hose-clamp pliers; Locking C-clamp pliers; Vise grip pliers
- Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers
- Magnetic tools — Magnetic pickup tools
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Microcontrollers — On board computers
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Multimeters — Clamp-on multimeters
- Needlenose pliers
- Nut drivers
- Paint sprayers
- Personal computers
- Pipe wrenches
- Pitch measuring instruments — Pitch gauges; Screw pitch gauges
- Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma welding equipment
- Pneumatic impact wrenches — Impact air wrenches; Pneumatic ratchets; Pneumatic wrenches
- Portable data input terminals — Hand held diagnostic computers
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Grinding machines
- Power sanders
- Power saws
- Power screwguns — Cordless screwdrivers; Electronic screwdrivers
- Pressure indicators — Pressure gauges
- Pry bars
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Brass drifts; Center punches; Punch sets; Three-pin punches (see all 6 examples)
- Putty knives
- Razor knives
- Retaining ring pliers — Snap ring pliers
- Rivet tools — Riveting tools
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Safety boots — Hard-toed shoes
- Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Ratcheting screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Groove joint/water pump pliers; Slip joint pliers
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Sockets — Socket wrenches
- Specialty wrenches — Brake bleeder wrenches; Breaker bars; Flare nut wrenches; Oil filter wrenches
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Tape measures
- Tinners snips — Snips
- Tire pressure gauge — Tire pressure gauges
- Torx keys — Torx screwdrivers
- Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Two way radios
- Utility knives
- Voltage or current meters — Voltmeters
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Wheel alignment equipment — Wheel alignment gauges
- Wire brushes
- Wire cutters
- Wire lug crimping tool — Wire crimpers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Recordkeeping software
- Facilities management software — Maintenance management software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
Detailed Work Activities
- Supervise employees.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Maintain work equipment or machinery.
- Align equipment or machinery.
- Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
- Operate welding equipment.
- Inspect mechanical components of vehicles to identify problems.
- Reassemble equipment after repair.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Troubleshoot equipment or systems operation problems.
- Inspect completed work to ensure proper functioning.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Read technical information needed to perform maintenance or repairs.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Repair electrical components.
- Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
- Operate transportation equipment to demonstrate function or malfunction.
- Solder parts or connections between parts.
- Dismantle heavy equipment or machinery.
- Schedule repair, installation or maintenance activities.
- Rewire electrical or electronic systems.
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 98% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 98% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 87% responded “Every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 77% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 80% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 79% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 78% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 79% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 58% responded “More than half the time.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 63% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 57% responded “Very important results.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 55% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 55% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 48% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 51% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 51% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 33% responded “High responsibility.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 35% responded “Very close (near touching).”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 30% responded “Very important.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 32% responded “Every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 52% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 33% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to High Places — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 31% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 32% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 40% responded “About half the time.”
- Deal With External Customers — 42% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 41% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Letters and Memos — 31% responded “Never.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|15||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$23.45 hourly, $48,770 annual|
|Employment (2014)||125,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||36,000|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.