Summary Report for:
51-4071.00 - Foundry Mold and Coremakers
Make or form wax or sand cores or molds used in the production of metal castings in foundries.
Sample of reported job titles: Core Machine Operator, Core Maker, Core Stripper, Journeyman Molder, Mold Maker, Molder, No Bake Molder, Sand Molder, Shell Core Operator, Shell Mold Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Clean and smooth molds, cores, and core boxes, and repair surface imperfections.
- Move and position workpieces such as mold sections, patterns, and bottom boards, using cranes, or signal others to move workpieces.
- Sprinkle or spray parting agents onto patterns and mold sections to facilitate removal of patterns from molds.
- Position patterns inside mold sections and clamp sections together.
- Position cores into lower sections of molds, and reassemble molds for pouring.
- Sift and pack sand into mold sections, core boxes, and pattern contours, using hand or pneumatic ramming tools.
- Tend machines that bond cope and drag together to form completed shell molds.
- Cut spouts, runner holes, and sprue holes into molds.
- Lift upper mold sections from lower sections and remove molded patterns.
- Form and assemble slab cores around patterns and position wire in mold sections to reinforce molds, using hand tools and glue.
- Pour molten metal into molds, manually or using crane ladles.
- Rotate sweep boards around spindles to make symmetrical molds for convex impressions.
- Operate ovens or furnaces to bake cores or to melt, skim, and flux metal.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Abrasive cloth — Emery cloths
- Abrasive stones
- Adjustable angle plate — Angle plates
- Air scrubbers — Vent gas scrubbers
- Allen wrench — Allen wrench sets
- Bench vises
- Buffing machine — Buffing machines
- Calipers — Dial calipers
- Casting machines — Centrifugal casting machines; Coremaking machines; Die casting machines; Vacuum casting machines (see all 5 examples)
- Crucible furnaces — Induction furnaces
- Cylindrical grinding machine — Inside diameter outside diameter ID-OD grinders
- Desktop computers
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drill press or radial drill — Variable speed drill presses
- Electric furnace — Electric arc furnaces
- Flat hand file — Flat files
- Foundry blowers — Core blowers
- Foundry crucibles — Crucible furnaces
- Foundry ladles — Crane ladles
- Foundry testing apparatus — Foundry sand testing equipment
- Furnaces — Cupola furnaces; Foundry ovens
- Gas generators — Gas-powered generators
- Hammers — Multipurpose hammers
- Height gauges
- Hoists — Chain hoists
- Induction heating machine — Heat treating furnaces
- Laser welding machine — Laser welding equipment
- Metal shearing machine — Shearing machines
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Overhead crane — Electric overhead traveling EOT cranes
- Power clamp — Mold clamps
- Power grinders
- Precision surface plate — Surface plates
- Process air heaters
- Pyrometers — Digital pyrometers
- Sand blasting machine — Sand blasting machines
- Screwdrivers — Multipurpose screwdrivers
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Surface grinding machine — Surface grinding machines
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Micro welding equipment
- Turret lathe — Turret lathes
- Universal milling machine — Horizontal milling machines
- Vee block — V-blocks
- Vertical machining center — Vertical machining centers
- Wire cathode electrode discharge machine — Wire electrical discharge machine WEDM
Technology used in this occupation:
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software; Dassault Systemes SolidWorks software; Parametric Technology Pro/ENGINEER software
- Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — CNC Software Mastercam software; Computer aid manufacturing CAM software
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Industrial control software — Machine control software
- Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Detailed Work Activities
- Place materials into molds.
- Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Apply parting agents or other solutions to molds.
- Clean production equipment.
- Lift materials or workpieces using cranes or other lifting equipment.
- Signal others to coordinate work activities.
- Position patterns on equipment, materials, or workpieces.
- Operate heating or drying equipment.
- Build production molds.
- Remove workpieces from molds.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 89% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 81% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 81% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 77% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 59% responded “Extremely important.”
- Time Pressure — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 62% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 22% responded “Very important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 38% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 44% responded “More than half the time.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 32% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 48% responded “Some freedom.”
- Physical Proximity — 36% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 64% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 42% responded “Important results.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 31% responded “More than half the time.”
- Contact With Others — 19% responded “No contact with others.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 36% responded “Important.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 37% responded “More than half the time.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 48% responded “High responsibility.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 58% responded “Some freedom.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 35% responded “Fairly important.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|53||High school diploma or equivalent|
|47||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$15.07 hourly, $31,340 annual|
|Employment (2012)||12,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Decline (-3% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||1,500|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Metal and Plastic Machine Workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.