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Summary Report for:
51-6093.00 - Upholsterers

Make, repair, or replace upholstery for household furniture or transportation vehicles.

Sample of reported job titles: Arm Upholsterer, Back Upholsterer, Box Spring Upholsterer, Dining Chair Trimmer, Furniture Upholsterer, Inside Upholsterer, Stapler, Upholstered Goods Crafter, Upholsterer, Upholstery Trimmer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Fit, install, and secure material on frames, using hand tools, power tools, glue, cement, or staples. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Build furniture up with loose fiber stuffing, cotton, felt, or foam padding to form smooth, rounded surfaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine furniture frames, upholstery, springs, and webbing to locate defects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Attach fasteners, grommets, buttons, buckles, ornamental trim, and other accessories to covers or frames, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove covering, webbing, padding, or defective springs from workpieces, using hand tools such as hammers and tack pullers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read work orders, and apply knowledge and experience with materials to determine types and amounts of materials required to cover workpieces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Draw cutting lines on material following patterns, templates, sketches, or blueprints, using chalk, pencils, paint, or other methods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Make, restore, or create custom upholstered furniture, using hand tools and knowledge of fabrics and upholstery methods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and cut new covering materials, using patterns and measuring and cutting instruments, following sketches and design specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain records of time required to perform each job. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Discuss upholstery fabrics, colors, and styles with customers, and provide cost estimates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Repair furniture frames and refinish exposed wood. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate sewing machines or sew upholstery by hand to seam cushions and join various sections of covering material. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Pick up and deliver furniture. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Interweave and fasten strips of webbing to the backs and undersides of furniture, using small hand tools and fasteners. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Sew rips or tears in material, or create tufting, using needles and thread. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Attach bindings or apply solutions to edges of cut material to prevent raveling. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Adjust or replace webbing, padding, or springs, and secure them in place. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Stretch webbing and fabric, using webbing stretchers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design upholstery cover patterns and cutting plans, based on sketches, customer descriptions, or blueprints. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Awls — Scratch awls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Circle cutter — Fabric hole cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Circlip pliers — Upholstery pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conduit benders — Spring benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Corner clamps — Pinch dogs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • End cut pliers — Caning nippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flat nose pliers — Duck bill pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Glue guns — Spray glue guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Magnetic hammers; Ripping hammers; Tack hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand clamps — Canvas pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand sprayers — Siphon guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Hex key sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hold down clamps — Tack spacers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mallets — Rawhide mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal cutters — Spring cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pattern cutting mats or boards — Cutting pads See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Foam rubber cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Ripping chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Clip remover tools; Staple removers; Tack pullers; Tack removers (see all 8 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Arch punches; Fabric punches; Snap setters; Tucking tools (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Retaining ring pliers — Hog ring pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scissors — Thread nippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Seam ripper — Seam rippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sewing machines — Industrial sewing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sewing needles — Multipurpose sewing needles; Upholstery needles; Upholstery tufting needles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Upholstery shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Combination squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stamping dies or punches — Button machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Staple guns — Air staple guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Straight pins See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tensioners — Seam stretchers; Webbing stretchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — LibreOffice Draw See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sew clothing or other articles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate sewing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut fabrics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design templates or patterns. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust fabrics or other materials during garment production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Exchange information with colleagues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate costs of products, services, or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble garments or textile products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Attach decorative or functional accessories to products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Shape surfaces or edges of wood workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair textiles or apparel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with customers or designers to determine order specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare fabrics or materials for processing or production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair furniture or upholstery. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 81% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 75% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 72% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 43% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 39% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 39% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 57% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 32% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 41% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 44% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 28% responded “Limited freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 55% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 26% responded “Limited freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 37% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 36% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
55   High school diploma or equivalent Help
26   Post-secondary certificate Help
10   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: R

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $15.33 hourly, $31,890 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 41,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 11,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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