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Summary Report for:
53-2011.00 - Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers

Pilot and navigate the flight of fixed-wing, multi-engine aircraft, usually on scheduled air carrier routes, for the transport of passengers and cargo. Requires Federal Air Transport Pilot certificate and rating for specific aircraft type used. Includes regional, National, and international airline pilots and flight instructors of airline pilots.

Sample of reported job titles: Airline Captain, Airline Pilot, Airline Pilot (Captain), Airline Transport Pilot, Captain, Check Airman, Co-Pilot, Commuter Pilot, First Officer, Pilot

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Work as part of a flight team with other crew members, especially during takeoffs and landings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Use instrumentation to guide flights when visibility is poor. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Start engines, operate controls, and pilot airplanes to transport passengers, mail, or freight, adhering to flight plans, regulations, and procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Contact control towers for takeoff clearances, arrival instructions, and other information, using radio equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor gauges, warning devices, and control panels to verify aircraft performance and to regulate engine speed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Respond to and report in-flight emergencies and malfunctions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Steer aircraft along planned routes, using autopilot and flight management computers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check passenger and cargo distributions and fuel amounts to ensure that weight and balance specifications are met. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor engine operation, fuel consumption, and functioning of aircraft systems during flights. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect aircraft for defects and malfunctions, according to pre-flight checklists. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Choose routes, altitudes, and speeds that will provide the fastest, safest, and smoothest flights. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Confer with flight dispatchers and weather forecasters to keep abreast of flight conditions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct activities of aircraft crews during flights. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Brief crews about flight details, such as destinations, duties, and responsibilities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Order changes in fuel supplies, loads, routes, or schedules to ensure safety of flights. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record in log books information such as flight times, distances flown, and fuel consumption. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Make announcements regarding flights, using public address systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Perform minor maintenance work, or arrange for major maintenance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Test and evaluate the performance of new aircraft. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Coordinate flight activities with ground crews and air traffic control and inform crew members of flight and test procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • File instrument flight plans with air traffic control to ensure that flights are coordinated with other air traffic. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct in-flight tests and evaluations at specified altitudes and in all types of weather to determine the receptivity and other characteristics of equipment and systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Instruct other pilots and student pilots in aircraft operations and the principles of flight. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan and formulate flight activities and test schedules and prepare flight evaluation reports. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Load smaller aircraft, handling passenger luggage and supervising refueling. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate other pilots or pilot-license applicants for proficiency. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Aerospace cockpit display panels — Electronic flight instrument systems EFIS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aerospace head up display HUDs — Head-up guidance systems HGS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft anti skid controls — Anti-skid control systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft braking systems — Autobrakes; Brake management systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft communication systems — Digital communications display units DCDU; High-frequency HF radio communication systems; On-board intercom systems; Ultra high frequency UHF radio communication systems (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft cooling fans — Equipment cooling controls See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft drag chutes — Brake pedals See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft environment controllers — Pressurization control systems; Recirculation control systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft escape or ejection systems — Emergency exit slides; Emergency life rafts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft fire control or extinguishing systems — Fire suppression and control systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft fuel management systems — Fuel control systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft guidance systems — Automatic direction finder ADF radio systems; Distance measuring equipment DME; Satellite-based navigation and guidance systems; Very high frequency VHF direction finders (see all 16 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft hydraulic systems — Hydraulic actuators; Hydraulic control systems; Hydraulic pressure regulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft navigation beacons — Nondirectional radio beacon markers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft onboard defrosting or defogging systems — Engine anti-ice systems; Windscreen ice control systems; Wing anti-ice systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft oxygen equipment — Continuous flow emergency oxygen systems; Diluter demand emergency oxygen systems; Passenger oxygen control systems; Pressure demand emergency oxygen systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft power supply units — Power generation and distribution control systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft steering controls — Aileron trim switches; Automatic landing systems; Rudder trim knobs; Yaw damper systems (see all 10 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Aircraft warning systems — Airborne collision avoidance systems ACAS; Ground proximity warning systems GPWS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fire extinguishers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flight computer systems — Aircraft data loaders; Autopilot systems; Data load selectors; Flight database systems (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Landing gear assemblies — Landing gear control systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic aircraft accumulators — Pneumatics systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Point plotting recorders — Point plotters See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Pilot Navigator Software Load Balance See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — SBS International Maestro Suite See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Airline Pilots Daily Aviation Log PPC; AirSmith FlightPrompt; AV8 software; CoPilot Flight Planning & E6B * (see all 12 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Information retrieval or search software — AeroPlanner; Notam Development Group Airport Insight See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Route navigation software — IFT-Pro; Navzilla See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Test performance of aircraft equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Pilot aircraft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect aircraft or aircraft components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Choose optimal transportation routes or speeds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load shipments, belongings, or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Notify others of emergencies, problems, or hazards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Report vehicle or equipment malfunctions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate performance of applicants, trainees, or employees. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate with others to coordinate vehicle movement. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor equipment gauges or displays to ensure proper operation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate flight control or management activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide transportation information to passengers or customers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Respond to transportation emergencies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor work environment to ensure safety or adherence to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor engine operation or functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational details of travel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Arrange maintenance activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain locomotives or other rail equipment in good working condition. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan flight operations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct material handling or moving activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolve issues affecting transportation operations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train transportation or material moving personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Meet with coworkers to communicate work orders or plans. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 100% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 97% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 98% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 97% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 88% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 88% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 87% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 73% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 76% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 75% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 69% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 88% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 84% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 75% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 80% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 70% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 58% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 26% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 25% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 72% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 25% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Radiation — 68% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 54% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 65% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 62% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 34% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 62% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 47% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 34% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 55% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 40% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Degree of Automation — 51% responded “Moderately automated.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Public Speaking — 53% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 27% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 49% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 42% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 38% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 39% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
61   Bachelor's degree
18   Post-secondary certificate Help
12   Master's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RCI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $118,140 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 66,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 19,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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