Summary Report for:
53-7021.00 - Crane and Tower Operators
Operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials, machines, or products in many directions.
Sample of reported job titles: Crane Man, Crane Operator, Heavy Equipment Operator, Machine Operator, Mobile Crane Operator, Overhead Crane Operator, Port Crane Operator, Radio Control Crane Operator, Scrap Crane Operator, Woodyard Crane Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Determine load weights and check them against lifting capacities to prevent overload.
- Move levers, depress foot pedals, or turn dials to operate cranes, cherry pickers, electromagnets, or other moving equipment for lifting, moving, or placing loads.
- Inspect cables or grappling devices for wear and install or replace cables, as needed.
- Clean, lubricate, and maintain mechanisms such as cables, pulleys, or grappling devices, making repairs as necessary.
- Inspect and adjust crane mechanisms or lifting accessories to prevent malfunctions or damage.
- Direct helpers engaged in placing blocking or outrigging under cranes.
- Load or unload bundles from trucks or move containers to storage bins, using moving equipment.
- Weigh bundles, using floor scales, and record weights for company records.
- Review daily work or delivery schedules to determine orders, sequences of deliveries, or special loading instructions.
- Direct truck drivers backing vehicles into loading bays and cover, uncover, or secure loads for delivery.
- Inspect bundle packaging for conformance to regulations or customer requirements and remove and batch packaging tickets.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches
- All terrain cranes — All-terrain cranes
- Angle grinder — Angle grinders
- Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers
- Below the hook device — Anti-two block devices; Lifting magnets; Spreader beams; Tower attachments
- Bench vises
- Blocks or pulleys — Hook blocks
- Blow torch — Oxyacetylene torches; Propane torches
- Box end wrenches — Closed-end wrenches
- Bridge cranes — Gantry cranes
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Demolition equipment kits — Iron balls; Overhaul balls
- Demolition hammers
- Draglines — Dragline buckets
- Drum grabs — Barrel clamps
- Ear muffs — Protective ear muffs
- Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
- Earthmoving buckets or its parts or accessories — Clamshell buckets; Orange peel buckets
- Floor or platform scales — Floor scales
- Force or torque sensors — Load monitoring indicators; Rated load indicators
- Forklifts — Pallet forks
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grapples — Timber tongs
- Grease guns
- Hazardous material protective apparel — Survival suits
- Hoists — Chain falls
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Cab cranes; Hydraulic truck-mounted cranes
- Impact wrenches — Electric impact wrenches
- Jacks — Hydraulic jacks
- Jib crane — Jib cranes
- Lifting hooks — Clips; Lifting clamps; Load hooks; Wedge sockets
- Linear position sensors — Boom length indicators
- Needlenose pliers
- Oil gun — Oilcans
- Open end wrenches
- Paint sprayers — Paint application sprayers
- Pile drivers — Drop hammers
- Pneumatic impact wrenches
- Power drills
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers; Steam cleaning equipment
- Pry bars
- Pullers — Comealongs
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Drift pins; Punches
- Ratchets — Ratchet sets
- Rotary position sensors — Boom angle indicators
- Rough terrain cranes — Rough-terrain cranes
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Fall arrest harnesses
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Robertson screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Shackle — Shackles
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Slings — Lifting slings
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Slip joint pliers
- Specialty wrenches — Spud wrenches
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tinners snips — Snips
- Tire pressure gauge — Tire pressure gauges
- Touch screen monitors — Wireless touch screen monitors
- Tower cranes — Friction cranes; Luffing jib cranes; Ringer cranes
- Track cranes — Crawler cranes; Monorail cranes
- Track excavators — Excavators
- Two way radios
- Wear testers — Wear gauges
- Welding masks
- Wire brushes
- Wire cutters — Wire rope cutters
Technology used in this occupation:
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
Detailed Work Activities
- Load shipments, belongings, or materials.
- Signal others to coordinate vehicle movement.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Record operational or production data.
- Weigh materials to ensure compliance with specifications.
- Verify information or specifications.
- Inspect material-moving equipment to detect problems.
- Direct material handling or moving activities.
- Install parts, assemblies, or attachments in transportation or material handling equipment.
- Review work orders or schedules to determine operations or procedures.
- Maintain material moving equipment in good working condition.
- Clean machinery or equipment.
- Secure cargo.
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 84% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 62% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 78% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 75% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 75% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 73% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 58% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 59% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 62% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 64% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 58% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 58% responded “Very important results.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to High Places — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 55% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 40% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 18% responded “Limited freedom.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 49% responded “Every day.”
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 48% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 23% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 19% responded “Important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 31% responded “High responsibility.”
- Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — 32% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 33% responded “Never.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 19% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Telephone — 36% responded “Never.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 25% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Letters and Memos — 26% responded “Every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RCI
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$24.39 hourly, $50,720 annual|
|Employment (2012)||44,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||22,400|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Material Moving Machine Operators . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.